The Mego Corporation was a toy company that dominated the action figure toy market during most of the 1970s. The Mego Corporation was founded in the early 1950s by David Abrams and was mostly known prior to 1971 as a producer of dime store toys.
Starting in 1971, Under the direction of David Abram's son Martin, Mego began purchasing license rights to a variety of successful motion pictures, television programs, and comic books, and started producing lines for Planet of the Apes, Star Trek, and the Wizard of Oz. Mego used obtained licenses from Edgar Rice Borroughs, Marvel and DC Comics for superhero characters to create their World's Greatest Superhero line, which became their most successful toy line. They also produced an original character, Action Jackson, a competitor of Hasbro's G.I. Joe.
One of the secrets of Mego's success was that their action figures were constructed with interchangeable bodies. Generic bodies could be mass-produced and different figures created by interposing different heads and costumes on them. Mego also constructed their figures primarily in an 8-inch (200 mm) scale - setting an industry standard in the 1970s.
Official "World's Greatest Superheroes!"
In 1972, The Mego made a landmark deal and secured the licenses to create toys for both National Periodical Publications (later DC Comics) and Marvel Comics. During this time period, Mego released the first comprehensive line of DC and Marvel character action figures and coined the term "World's Greatest Super Heroes!" to umbrella the name for all the figures released in this line. (They later relinquished their rights and surrendered the trademarked name to both DC and Marvel Comics to maintain licensing privileges. In turn they were granted licensing rights to the name). The popularity of this line of 8" figures created the standard scale for the 1970s and featured several popular superhero and villain figures. The earliest Batman and Robin figures had removable masks but they were easily lost and Mego noted that it was less expensive to create a new sculpt for Batman with a molded on mask and simply painted the mask onto Robin. They were offered for an entire decade from 1972 until 1983.
Mego was represented by Howard L. Mann of Schwartzman, Weinstock, Garelick & Mann, P.C. in the transactions.
Earliest figures were released in a solid box but the boxes were damaged in stores by shoppers who wanted to see the figure inside. The design was quickly changed to a window style box. To start the line, Mego introduced Batman, Robin, Aquaman and Superman. But others soon followed.
The complete offering of WGSH's in alphabetical order were: National Periodical Publications/DC Comics Heroes: Aquaman, Batgirl, Batman, Catwoman, Green Arrow, Isis, Joker, Mr. Mxyzptlk, Penguin, Riddler, Robin, Captain Marvel (for legal reasons labeled as Shazam), Supergirl, Superman, Tarzan*, Teen Titans (Speedy, Kid Flash, Aqualad, and Wonder Girl) and Wonder Woman (*Tarzan was originally licensed to Mego by creator Edgar Rice Burroughs, DC later acquired rights). Marvel Comics Heroes: Captain America, Conan, Falcon, Green Goblin, Hulk, Human Torch, Invisible Girl, Iron Man, Lizard, Mr. Fantastic, Spider-Man, The Thing and Thor. For the South African market a local radio play superhero, Jet Jungle was included in the series.
Mego also created the first carded packaging for action figures. Initially, Mego figures were released in boxes but S.S. Kresge's did not have shelves on which to place them so they requested that something be designed for their "peg board" displays. To satisfy the need, Mego created a card which is referred to as a Kresge style card (named for the Kresge—later Kmart) store chain. Although later carded figures followed, this particular early style of card placed the clear plastic bubble containing the action figure in the center of the card and is notably different from later cards, which placed the bubble toward one side.
Exclusive Secret Identity Figures
In 1974, Mego offered the first exclusive figures for Montgomery Ward's due to a relationship founder David Abrams had with Wards, which included Bruce Wayne, Dick Grayson, Clark Kent and Peter Parker. These figures are now among the rarest of Superhero action figures. The figures feature the same heads as the corresponding superheros that Mego produced but because the run on these figures was separate from that of the hero figures, there is a bit of a color shift on the heads of several known examples that is unique to the SI figures themselves, distinguishing them from the superhero figure. The heads are known to exist with or without copyright information imprinted on the back of the neck.
Celebrity, Fashion, Television, and Movie Dolls
Mego first attempted a fashion doll line in the early '70s to rival Barbie with Maddie Mod, who had an extensive wardrobe, and her boyfriend Richie. The line was not a success. They also created a poseable eight inch (203 mm) scale of a Barbie-like doll, 1973's Dinah-Mite.
In 1975, Mego launched a highly successful 12½ inch celebrity doll line, to directly compete with Mattel's Barbie doll. The first dolls were Sonny and Cher, with Bob Mackie designing an extensive wardrobe for Cher.
Mego added the Lynda Carter Wonder Woman doll line in 1977. The first edition of the Wonder Woman dolls were Wonder Woman, and the accessories included the Diana Prince Navy Yeoman outfit, black glasses, black high-heeled shoes, and had a factory painted bustier top with cloth star spangled bottoms, bracelets, golden lasso, tiara, and red boots; Nubia, her super foe; Queen Hippolyte, Wonder Woman's mother; and Major Steve Trevor, Wonder Woman's best friend and boss. For the second edition Wonder Woman doll which appeared in 1978, Mego recycled their Farrah Fawcett doll's extra bodies in neutral skin tone, added a one piece Wonder Woman costume, tiara, golden lasso, bracelets, and red boots, and then removed Lynda Carter's photo from the box. This version came with a pink halter gown (recycled from their Cher doll) and a blue wrap-around dress for Wonder Woman's alter ego. Mego stopped production on the Nubia, Queen Hippolyte, and Steve Trevor dolls after the first edition line. The third and final version of the Wonder Woman doll re-used extra Cher doll bodies in tanned skin tone, kept the one piece wonder suit, and this version also came with Mego's Fly-Away Action accessory. The alter-ego outfits with this version vary, depending on the Mego factory which made the doll, as Mego used the generic outfits available- Cher's original pink halter gown, the Growing Hair Cher black gown, or the Farrah Fawcett white jumpsuit, and the second outfit was always the blue wrap-around dress. Some of the neutral skin tone Wonder Woman dolls were also issued with the Fly-Away Action device, again depending on the Mego factory from which it was issued.
From 1976 to 1980 they produced a popular line of lucite 3" fully articulated figures called Micronauts to compete with Kenner's Star Wars line. The Micronauts line was licensed from Japanese toy maker Takara, and based on that company's Microman line of toys.
A small collection of military-themed action figures were also released in the early 1980s, called "Johnny Action or Combat Man" in the US, they were also marketed in other countries (France, Italy, Germany, Australia, United Kingdom) released in 1976 under different names. Using the same 6-inch (150 mm) format, they were produced after the 12-inch (300 mm) G.I. Joe figures had lost their popularity and before the revival of the G.I. Joe line in 3¾" format and also to compete with Spain's Madelman line of soldier figures. The 6-inch (150 mm) combat line was not a success, and knockoff figures were also released for companies like Woolworth's (or Woolco in Canada, where the line was known as "World War Two Heroes, Brave Soldiers, Jest Force").
Eagle Force was a 2 3⁄4-inch-high (70 mm) die-cast action figure toy line marketed by Mego Corporation in the 1980s in the United States, the line was similar to the G.I. Joe action figures by Hasbro. They were designed by Paul Kirchner.
In 1976, David Abrams rejected a deal to license toys for the upcoming motion picture Star Wars, as Martin Abrams was currently hashing out a deal with Takara to bring Microman to the United States as Micronauts and was of the opinion that they would go bankrupt if they made toys of every "flash in the pan" sci-fi B movie that came along. This decision seemed of little consequence to Mego at first, although the movie was extremely popular and competitor Kenner Products sold substantial numbers of Star Wars action figures.
Following Star Wars' great success, Mego negotiated the licenses for the manufacturing rights to any and all potentially successful science fiction motion picture and television shows, in hopes of finding a similar hot property. They produced 12½ inch figures for Moonraker, Buck Rogers in the 25th Century, The Black Hole, Star Trek: The Motion Picture. None of these were as successful as Kenner's Star Wars products, although they were of much higher quality than Kenner's unsuccessful 12" figures.
Today, Mego action figures and playsets are highly prized collectibles, with some fetching thousands of dollars on the open collectibles market. The World's Greatest Superhero line, The Elastic Superheroes line (a MINT Elastic Batman figure actually sold for over 15,000.00 in 2006), the Wonder Woman doll line, the Cher doll (as well as certain rare Bob Mackie designed outfits), and the Kiss dolls are deemed as prized collectibles.
Use in media
In recent years,[when?] Mego's 8-inch (200 mm) figures, particularly the superhero line, have found new life in "Twisted ToyFare Theater," a humorous photo comic-strip appearing in ToyFare: The Toy Magazine. ToyFare staff pose and take photos depicting the figures in bizarre situations, with added dialogue bubbles. The series is well known in comic book and collectors' circles for its distinctive, off-the-wall sense of humor. The strips (renamed, formerly "Twisted Mego Theatre") have even been printed separately in their own collection.
Mego action figures as well as similarly styled figures are used in the Cartoon Network Adult Swim program, Robot Chicken. The show, which debuted in February 2005, is directly based on Twisted ToyFare Theater and features three of its writers.
In 2001, good quality reproductions of Mego bodies, heads, and accessories were made in China by Dr. Mego. Collectors could now repair their broken or incomplete Megos as well as make new custom action figures.
In 2005, a company named ClassicTVToys (CTVT) began to produce lesser quality 8-inch (200 mm) re-issue figures very similar in design to the original Mego figure. Various lines manufactured include facsimilied replicas of Mego's Mad Monster, Merry Men, Western Heroes and Super Pirates. These figures were produced in India and were made from a low quality recycled plastic, which caused the figures' hands and feet to crack and break easily. The accessories work well as replacement accessories for original Mego items that are missing parts, however, to the company's credit, they are usually marked "CTVT", but the lack of quality is evident and easily spotted.
They also manufactured licensed, classic television characters, packaged on blister cards. Among the many included in the line: Happy Days, a modified version of the series Mego made. And others, which Mego did not make, such as Married... with Children, The Munsters, The Brady Bunch, Space:1999 (which Mego did produce to some degree in the 1970s, but only for the European market, as Mattel had the American license), and professional wrestler André the Giant. Unfortunately the sculpting of the heads were harsh and lacked Mego's charm. These figures were quickly discounted by CTVT and can be found for 1/3 of their original retail price on eBay. Please beware of reproductions or original items bearing reproduction accessories. This will always be disclosed by an ethical reputable dealer and can be easily identified with some education in the matter.
In 2006, EMCE Toys brand (pronounced "MC") was founded by Paul "Dr. Mego" Clarke and Joe Sena to bring back Mego toys with the blessing of Marty Abrams, former CEO of Mego Corp. Made in China, the new Star Trek figures have the high quality of the Dr. Mego parts, matching the original action figures. Working with Diamond Select Toys, holders of the Star Trek and Planet of the Apes licenses, these figures have been selling in comics shops. Following their success, new characters are currently being produced that Mego did not originally make such as Lt. Sulu, Ensign Chekov, and "Space Seed" villain Khan.
The Gorn that Mego produced was a brown Lizard head (identical to the Marvel Comics villain) on a brown body wearing a Klingon outfit. Fans have frequently wished that Mego had made a TV accurate Gorn. EMCE Toys and DST have made a new green Gorn based on the TV episode "Arena".
EMCE Toys was even able to get original Mego packaging artist Harold Schull to illustrate new artwork for Sulu, Chekov, Khan and the Gorn.
Mego collectors have an annual buy/sell trade convention in Wheeling, West Virginia called "Mego Meet". This event is open to the public. Expert panels are also provided for several educational topics.
In early 2009, co-founder Martin Abrams announced that he has reclaimed rights to the name Mego. No specific future plans for Mego Corporation have been disclosed to date.
In July 2009, EMCE Toys joined up with Mattel for the return of Mego's World's Greatest Superheroes dubbed DC Retro Action Superheroes, these were released in Toys "R" Us Spring 2010. The line includes completely revamped versions of Superman and Green Arrow along with Green Lantern, Lex Luthor and Sinestro.
Fall 2010 wave 2 was released - Batman, Two-Face, Aquaman, and Black Manta. Winter 2010 wave 3 was released - Wonder Woman, Cheetah, Flash, and Capt. Cold. Spring 2011 wave 4 was released - Captain Marvel (for legal reasons labeled as Shazam), Black Adam, Martian Manhunter, and Darkseid.
EMCE Toys is continuing the Mego revival by working with Diamond Select Toys on more Star Trek figures, including Captain Pike and the Salt Vampire, as well as Universal Monsters.
- Mego Action Figure Toys, 3rd Edition (2001) by John Bonavita
- Mego 8" Super-Heroes: World's Greatest Toys!, (2008) by Benjamin Holcomb TwoMorrows Publishing ISBN 1-893905-82-9
- Mego Museum - The leading authority on Mego Toys
- Mego Museum Forum - Mego Community
- Comprehensive list of Mego action figures and accessories
- Foreign Mego - Focusing on Mego products from outside the US
- Megocollector - A comprehensive guide for Mego Star Trek, among other guides.
- Joseph's Star Trek Mego - Dedicated to Mego's line of Star Trek toys.