View of the village in winter
|• Total||0.54 km2 (0.21 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|• Density||1,365/km2 (3,540/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+01:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+02:00)|
|Post Code||9770 Mehamn|
Mehamn (Northern Sami: Donjevuotna; Kven: Meehamina) is a the administrative centre of Gamvik Municipality in Finnmark county, Norway. The village is located on the small Vedvik peninsula, itself part of the greater Nordkinn Peninsula, at the southern end of the Mehamnfjorden, a bay off of the Barents Sea. The village of Gamvik lies about 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) to the east and the village of Kjøllefjord (in Lebesby Municipality) lies about 30 kilometres (19 mi) to the southwest. Mehamn Chapel is located in this village. The 0.54-square-kilometre (130-acre) village has a population (2013) of 737, which gives the village a population density of 1,365 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,540 /sq mi).
Norwegian County Road 888 connects Mehamn to the European route E06 highway at the base of the Nordkinn Peninsula, and from there on to the towns of Kirkenes in the east and Alta in the west. Mehamn is a port of call for the Hurtigruten coastal ship. Mehamn is also connected by air via Mehamn Airport, with services by Widerøe to the nearby town of Tromsø.
Svend Foyn established the whaling station in Mehamn that was built in 1884-1885. It was put into use starting in the spring of 1885, and it became the largest of its kind in Finnmark county. After Foyn’s death in 1894, the whaling station was run by Foyn’s whaling company. Svend Foyn also established the Svend Foyn Chapel, in Mehamn starting in 1887.
The background for the Mehamn rebellion was a period of miserable cod and capelin fishing. The fishermen blamed the local whaling. They believed that the whales chased the fish towards the shore. With few whales left, the fish stayed out of reach. Frustrations were growing by the day during spring of 1903. By Whitsunday, about 2000 angry fishermen were in harbour in Mehamn. At the time, the village had 123 permanent residents.
When the new manager of the whaling station denied help to a fishing boat that came from sea with a broken helm, the fishermen had had enough. On the 2nd of June 1903, a large number of them gathered outside the factory. During the following two days, machinery was destroyed, chimneys were torn down, and the large steam boilers were sunk. The guard and the single police officer could do nothing but watch. Military forces from Vardø and Harstad were mobililized, but did not reach Mehamn before the factory was completely destroyed and the situation was calm again.
Some of the vandals were caught and convicted. They received very light sentences in jail and then the following autumn, general elections were held, and the Labour Party, which had fought for the protection of the whales, entered parliament for the first time with four MPs. They all represented the three northernmost counties of Norway. They were said to have “ridden to Parliament on a whale’s back.” In December, a law was passed ensuring the preservation of the whales in Norwegian waters off the coast of Nordland, Troms and Finnmark.
1982 air crash
On 11 March 1982, a Widerøe Twin Otter crashed into the sea on approach to Mehamn Airport during flight from Berlevåg Airport, killing all on board. Despite controversies regarding the cause of the crash, clear-air turbulence over the Mehamnfjorden was determined as the official cause.
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2013). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality.".
- "Mehamn" (in Norwegian). yr.no. Retrieved 2013-02-22.
- "Ports". Hurtigruten.us. Retrieved 2013-02-22.
- "Mehamn Airport". avinor.no. Retrieved 2013-02-22.
- 200 years since the birth of Svend Foyn (Kystmuseene)
- "Whaling through the ages". Kystmuseene. Retrieved 2013-02-22.
- "Aviation Safety Network".