|Born||Mehboob Khan Ramzan Khan
Bilimora, Baroda, Gujarat
|Died||28 May 1964
Bombay, Maharashtra, India
|Occupation||Film director, Producer|
Mehboob Khan (1907 – 28 May 1964) was a pioneer, producer-director of Hindi cinema, best known for directing the social epic Mother India (1957), which won the Filmfare Awards for Best Film and Best Director and was a nominee for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. He set up his production company, Mehboob Productions, and later a film studio, the Mehboob Studios in Bandra, Mumbai in 1954.
He ran away from home to work small jobs in the studios of Bombay. He started as an assistant in the silent era and an extra in the studios of the Imperial Film Company of Ardeshir Irani, before directing his first film, Judgement of Allah (1935), when he started directing films for the Sagar Film Company. Directorial features like Aurat followed, with the studios Sagar Movietone and National Studios. In 1945, Khan set up his own production house, Mehboob Productions.
Throughout his career, Khan produced and directed many blockbuster films, the most notable being the romantic drama Andaz (1949), the swashbuckling Aan (1951), the dramatic Amar (1954) and the social epic Mother India (1957), the latter of which was nominated for an Academy Award in 1957 and was a remake of his own 1940 film Aurat. He has directed 21 other films dating from the late 1930s. His earlier works were in Urdu, but his later material, including Mother India, were in Hindi although many say he utilized Hindustani, a friendlier and softer spoken version of Hindi and Urdu. Several of his films, especially his earlier films Humayun, the story of a Mughal emperor who ruled India, Anmol Ghadi and Taqdeer, in which he introduced Nargis, who would later marry Sunil Dutt, were written by Aghajani Kashmeri also Kashmiri and Agha Jani. Kashmeri was responsible for picking and training Nargis in Hindustani and Urdu dialogue delivery. His last film as a director was the 1962 film Son of India. He died in 1964 at the age of 57, and was buried at Badakabarastan in Marine Lines, Mumbai. His death occurred the next day after the death of Jawaharlal Nehru, the Prime Minister of India.
Khan introduced and helped establish the careers of many actors and actresses who went onto become big stars in the 1950s and 1960s such as Dilip Kumar, Raj Kapoor, Sunil Dutt, Rajendra Kumar, Raaj Kumar, Nargis, Nimmi and Nadira. In 1961, he was a member of the jury at the 2nd Moscow International Film Festival. He remained the President of the Film Federation of India.
Khan was known for having been influenced by Hollywood films and his films often featured lavish sets in the style of the Hollywood era at that time. The oppression of the poor, class warfare and rural life are recurring themes in his work. Mehboob Khan was awarded the title of Hidayat Kar-e-Azam by the Indian government.
As a director
- Son of India (1962)
- A Handful of Grain (1959)
- Mother India (1957)
- Amar (1954)
- Aan (1952)
- Andaz (1949)
- Anokhi Ada (1948)
- Elan (1947)
- Anmol Ghadi (1946)
- Humayun (1945)
- Najma (1943)
- Taqdeer (1943)
- Roti (1942)
- Bahen (1941)
- Alibaba (1940)
- Aurat (1940)
- Ek Hi Raasta (1939)
- Hum Tum Aur Woh (1938)
- Watan (1938)
- Jagirdar (1937)
- Deccan Queen (1936)
- Manmohan (1936)
- Judgement of Allah a.k.a Al Hilal (1935)
As a producer
As an actor
- Zarina (1932)
- Dilawar (1931)
- Meri Jaan (1931)
As a writer
- Watan (1938) (story)
- Judgement of Allah (1935) (story, screenplay)
- 1957 - All India Certificate of Merit for Best Feature Film - Mother India
- 1957 - Certificate of Merit for Second Best Feature Film in Hindi - Mother India
- Reuben, Bunny (1994). Mehboob, India's DeMille: the first biography. Indus. ISBN 81-7223-153-9.
- Ahmed, Rauf (2008). Mehboob Khan: the romance of history (Legends of Indian cinema). Wisdom Tree. ISBN 81-8328-106-0.
- "The 30th Academy Awards (1958) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-10-25.
- "Mehboob mere, Mehboob tere". Pune Mirror. November 1, 2008.
- "Mumbai, meri mehboob?". DNA (newspaper). February 7, 2011.
- Karanjia, B. K.. "Mehboob Khan: An Unfinished Story". A many-splendoured cinema. New Thacker's Fine Art Press. p. 215.
- Mehboob Khna at filmreference.com.
- "2nd Moscow International Film Festival (1961)". MIFF. Retrieved 2012-11-04.
- "Presidents Of Film Federation Of India". Film Federation Of India. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 2014-06-28.
- "Postal stamp on Mehboob Khan to be released today". Indian Express. March 30, 2007.
- "5th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- Mehboob Khan, Profile at Upperstall.com
- Mehboob Khan at the Internet Movie Database
- Mehboob Khan@SPICE
- Mother India - The Cinema of Mehboob Khan