Mehboob Khan

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Mehboob Khan
Born Mehboob Khan Ramzan Khan
1907
Bilimora, Baroda, Gujarat
Died 28 May 1964(1964-05-28)
Bombay, Maharashtra, India
Occupation Film director, producer
Years active 1931–1962
Spouse(s) Fatima
Sardar Akhtar

Mehboob Khan (1907 – 28 May 1964) was a pioneer, producer-director of Hindi cinema, best known for directing the social epic Mother India (1957), which won the Filmfare Awards for Best Film and Best Director and was a nominee for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.[1] He set up his production company, Mehboob Productions, and later a film studio, the Mehboob Studios in Bandra, Mumbai in 1954.[2][3][4]

Early life[edit]

Khan was born Mehboob Khan Ramzan Khan in Bilimora in Gandevi Taluka of Baroda State (Now Gujarat).[5]

Career[edit]

He ran away from home to work small jobs in the studios of Bombay. He started as an assistant in the silent era and an extra in the studios of the Imperial Film Company of Ardeshir Irani, before directing his first film, Al Hilal a.k.a. Judgement of Allah (1935), when he started directing films for the Sagar Film Company. Directorial features like Aurat followed, with the studios Sagar Movietone and National Studios. In 1945, Khan set up his own production house, Mehboob Productions.

Mehboob Studios courtyard set-up by Khan in 1954, Bandra (W), Mumbai

Throughout his career, Khan produced and directed many blockbuster films, the most notable being the romantic drama Andaz (1949), the swashbuckling Aan (1951), the dramatic Amar (1954) and the social epic Mother India (1957), the latter of which was nominated for an Academy Award in 1957 and was a remake of his own 1940 film Aurat. He has directed 21 other films dating from the late 1930s. His earlier works were in Urdu, but his later material, including Mother India, were in Hindi although many say he used Hindustani, a friendlier and softer spoken version of Hindi and Urdu. Several of his films, especially his earlier films Humayun, the story of a Mughal emperor who ruled India, Anmol Ghadi and Taqdeer, in which he introduced Nargis, who would later marry Sunil Dutt, were written by Aghajani Kashmeri also Kashmiri and Agha Jani. Kashmiri was responsible for picking and training Nargis in Hindustani and Urdu dialogue delivery. His last film as a director was the 1962 film Son of India. He died in 1964 at the age of 57, and was buried at Badakabarastan in Marine Lines, Mumbai. His death occurred the next day after the death of Jawaharlal Nehru, the Prime Minister of India.[citation needed]

Khan introduced and helped establish the careers of many actors and actresses who went onto become big stars in the 1950s and 1960s such as Dilip Kumar, Raj Kapoor, Sunil Dutt, Rajendra Kumar, Raaj Kumar, Nargis, Nimmi and Nadira. In 1961, he was a member of the jury at the 2nd Moscow International Film Festival.[6] He remained the President of the Film Federation of India.[7]

Khan was known for having been influenced by Hollywood films and his films often featured lavish sets in the style of the Hollywood era at that time. The oppression of the poor, class warfare and rural life are recurring themes in his work. Mehboob Khan was awarded the title of Hidayat Kar-e-Azam by the Indian government.

Legacy[edit]

As a part his birth centenary celebrations, the Indian postal department released a commemorative stamp of Mehmood Khan at a function held at the Mehboob Studios in September 2007.[8] [9]

Filmography[edit]

As a director[edit]

As a producer[edit]

As an actor[edit]

  • Zarina (1932)
  • Dilawar (1931)
  • Meri Jaan (1931)

As a writer[edit]

  • Watan (1938) (story)
  • Al Hilal a.k.a. Judgement of Allah (1935) (story, screenplay)

Awards[edit]

National Film Awards

Further reading[edit]

  • Reuben, Bunny (1994). Mehboob, India's DeMille: the first biography. Indus. ISBN 81-7223-153-9. 
  • Ahmed, Rauf (2008). Mehboob Khan: the romance of history (Legends of Indian cinema). Wisdom Tree. ISBN 81-8328-106-0. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The 30th Academy Awards (1958) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  2. ^ "Mehboob mere, Mehboob tere". Pune Mirror. 1 November 2008. 
  3. ^ "Mumbai, meri mehboob?". DNA. 7 February 2011. 
  4. ^ Karanjia, B. K.. "Mehboob Khan: An Unfinished Story". A many-splendoured cinema. New Thacker's Fine Art Press. p. 215. 
  5. ^ Mehboob Khna at filmreference.com.
  6. ^ "2nd Moscow International Film Festival (1961)". MIFF. Retrieved 4 November 2012. 
  7. ^ "Presidents of Film Federation of India". Film Federation of India. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 28 June 2014. 
  8. ^ "Postal stamp on Mehboob Khan to be released today". Indian Express. 30 March 2007. 
  9. ^ Hello1
  10. ^ a b "5th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 

External links[edit]