Mehdi Chamran

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mehdi Chamran
Mehdi Chamran.JPG
Chairman of City Council of Tehran
Assumed office
3 September 2014
Deputy Morteza Talaie
Preceded by Ahmad Masjed-Jamei
In office
1 April 2003 – 3 September 2013
Deputy Nasrin Soltankhah
Alireza Dabir
Preceded by Ebrahim Asgharzadeh
Succeeded by Ahmad Masjed-Jamei
Personal details
Born (1941-09-09) 9 September 1941 (age 73)
Tehran, Iran
Political party Abadgaran
Alma mater University of California, Berkeley
Religion Shia Islam

Mehdi Chamran (Persian: مهدی چمران‎) is an Iranian nuclear physicist and politician who has held different governmental and administrative posts.

Early life and education[edit]

Chamran is the brother of Mostafa Chamran.[1] They were both members of the "Red Shiism", a radical group that was founded by Mostafa in the US in 1965.[2] Mehdi also studied nuclear physics and received a PhD from the University of California, Berkeley, like his brother.[3]


Chamran served as the head of Iran's external intelligence.[3] He was among those who contributed to the Iran's nuclear development program from the start.[4] He was the chairman of the City Council of Tehran[5] from 2003 to 2013. He received the most number of votes from the Tehrani electorate in three of the elections he was elected in, in 2003, 2006 and 2013.

A major supporter of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad during his mayorship,[6] Chamran turned towards Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf and his supporters during the 2006 elections,[7] which resulted in a three-way split of the third Tehran council between the two conservative factions and reformist candidates. Comparatively, the second council only consisted of conservative members and the first council mostly of reformist members.


  1. ^ Shaery-Eisenlohr, Roschanack (2008). Shiʻite Lebanon: transnational religion and the making of national identities. Columbia University Press. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-231-14426-1. 
  2. ^ Barsky, Yehudit (May 2003). "Hizballah" (Terrorism Briefing). The American Jewish Committee. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Gomez, Christian (21 November 2011). "From Lebanon to Latin America". The New American. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  4. ^ Jesper, William F. (31 August 2009). "No state sponsors, no terror". The New American. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "Imam Musa Sadr Was Imam Khomeini’s Right Hand in Arab Countries". AhlulBayt News Agency. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2011. 
  6. ^ Gheissari, Ali (2009). Contemporary Iran: economy, society, politics. Oxford University Press. p. 284. ISBN 978-0-19-537849-8. 
  7. ^ Naji, Kasra (2008). Ahmadinejad: the secret history of Iran's radical leader. I.B. Tauris. p. 62. ISBN 978-1-84511-636-1. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Ebrahim Asgharzadeh
Chairman of City Council of Tehran
Succeeded by
Ahmad Masjed-Jamei
Preceded by
Ahmad Masjed-Jamei
Chairman of City Council of Tehran
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Leader of Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran
Succeeded by