Mehedinți County

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Mehedinți County
Județul Mehedinți
County
Coat of arms of Mehedinți County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Mehedinți county highlighted
Coordinates: 44°38′N 22°53′E / 44.63°N 22.88°E / 44.63; 22.88Coordinates: 44°38′N 22°53′E / 44.63°N 22.88°E / 44.63; 22.88
Country Romania
Development region Sud-Vest
Historical region Oltenia, Banat
Capital Drobeta-Turnu Severin
Area
 • Total 4,933 km2 (1,905 sq mi)
Area rank 30th
Population (2011)
 • Total 254,570
 • Rank 39th
 • Density 52/km2 (130/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 252 or (+40) 352[1]
ISO 3166 code RO-MH
Website County Council
Prefecture

Mehedinți (Romanian pronunciation: [meheˈdint͡sʲ] ( )) is a county (județ) of Romania on border with Serbia and Bulgaria. It is mostly located in the historical province of Oltenia, with one municipality (Orșova) and three communes (Dubova, Eșelnița and Svinița) located in the Banat. The county seat is Drobeta-Turnu Severin.

Demographics[edit]

In 2011, it had a population of 254,570 and the population density was 51.6/km².

Year County population[3]
1948 304,788
1956 Decrease 304,091
1966 Increase 310,021
1977 Increase 322,371
1992 Increase 332,091
2002 Decrease 306,732
2011 Decrease 254,570

Geography[edit]

This county has a total area of 4,933 km².

In the North-West there are the Mehedinți Mountains with heights up to 1500 m, part of the Western end of the Southern Carpathians.

The heights decrease towards the East, passing through the hills to a high plain - the Western end of the Romanian Plain.

In the South the Danube flows, forming a wide valley, with channels and ponds. Another important river is the Motru River in the East side, an affluent of the Jiu River. Also, in the West side there is the Cerna River forming a passage between the Oltenia region and the Banat region.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

The energetic sector is highly developed in the county, on the Danube being two big hydro electrical power plants (Iron Gates I and Iron Gates II). Also in NE of Drobeta-Turnu Severin there is a heavy water complex (Romag Prod).

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Chemical industry.
  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.
  • Railway and ship equipment industry.
  • Wood and paper industry.

In the North, coal and copper are extracted.

The South is mainly agricultural, suited for growing cereals on large surfaces. Also vegetables are cultivated and there are important surfaces of wines and fruit orchards.

Tourism[edit]

1715 coat of arms of Argeș, Teleorman and Mehedinți counties on the frontispice of the Antim Monastery

The main touristical destinations are:

Administrative divisions[edit]

Mehedinți County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 61 communes

References[edit]

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie"
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"

External links[edit]