Mehmed Said Pasha

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Not to be confused with the Wāli of Egypt and Sudan Sa'id of Egypt (1854–63) and the earlier Ottoman grand vizier Yirmisekizzade Mehmed Said Pasha (1757–58).


Küçük
Mehmed Said
Pasha
Mehmed Said Pasha.jpg
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
18 October 1879 – 9 June 1880
Monarch Abdul Hamid II
Preceded by Ahmed Arifi Pasha
Succeeded by Kadri Pasha
In office
12 September 1880 – 2 May 1882
Monarch Abdul Hamid II
Preceded by Kadri Pasha
Succeeded by Abdurrahman Nureddin Pasha
In office
12 July 1882 – 30 November 1882
Monarch Abdul Hamid II
Preceded by Abdurrahman Nureddin Pasha
Succeeded by Ahmed Vefik Pasha
In office
3 December 1882 – 24 September 1885
Monarch Abdul Hamid II
Preceded by Ahmed Vefik Pasha
Succeeded by Kâmil Pasha
In office
9 June 1895 – 3 October 1895
Monarch Abdul Hamid II
Preceded by Ahmed Cevad Pasha
Succeeded by Kâmil Pasha
In office
13 November 1901 – 15 January 1903
Monarch Abdul Hamid II
Preceded by Halil Rifat Pasha
Succeeded by Mehmed Ferid Pasha
In office
22 July 1908 – 6 August 1908
Monarch Abdul Hamid II
Preceded by Mehmed Ferid Pasha
Succeeded by Kâmil Pasha
In office
30 September 1911 – 22 July 1912
Monarch Mehmed V
Preceded by İbrahim Hakkı Pasha
Succeeded by Ahmed Muhtar Pasha
Personal details
Born 1830
Erzurum, Erzurum Sanjak, Erzurum Eyalet, Ottoman Empire
Died 1914
Istanbul (then Constantinople), Ottoman Empire
Nationality Ottoman
Religion Islam

Mehmed Said Pasha (Ottoman Turkish: محمد سعيد پاشا ‎; 1830–1914), also known as Küçük Said Pasha ("Said Pasha the Younger") or Şapur Çelebi or in his youth as Mabeyn Başkatibi Said Bey, was an Ottoman statesman and editor of the Turkish newspaper Jerid-i-Havadis.[citation needed]

He became first secretary to Sultan Abdul Hamid II shortly after the Sultan's accession, and is said to have contributed to the realizations of his majesty's design of concentrating power in his own hands; later he became successively minister of the interior and then governor of Bursa, reaching the high post of grand vizier in 1879. He was grand vizier seven more times under Abdul Hamid, and once under his successor, Mehmed V Reşat. He was known for his opposition to the extension of foreign influence in Turkey.

In 1896, he took refuge at the British embassy at Istanbul, and, though then assured of his personal liberty and safety, remained practically a prisoner in his own house. He came into temporary prominence again during the revolution of 1908. On 22 July he succeeded Mehmed Ferid Pasha as grand vizier, but on the 6 August was replaced by the more liberal Kâmil Pasha, at the insistence of the Young Turks. Also during 1908, Mehmed Said Pasha bought the famed Istanbul arcade in the Beyoğlu district, today known as Çiçek Pasajı ("Flower Passage"). The modern name became common in the 1940s; during Mehmed Said Pasha's ownership in the 1900s and 1910s, the arcade was known as Sait Paşa Pasajı ("Said Pasha Passage").[1]

During the Italian crisis in 1911–12, he was again called to the premiership. He was again removed from power by the Savior Officers (who backed the Freedom and Accord Party (Liberal Union) against the Committee of Union and Progress) and replaced by a new cabinet supported by the Officers and the Freedom and Accord Party.[2] The CUP would return to power, however, the next year after the Bab-ı Ali coup of 1913.

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Preceded by
Arifi Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
1879–1880
Succeeded by
Mehmed Kadri Pasha
Preceded by
Mehmed Kadri Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
1880–1882
Succeeded by
Abdurrahman Nureddin Pasha
Preceded by
Abdurrahman Nureddin Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
1882
Succeeded by
Ahmed Vefik Pasha
Preceded by
Ahmed Vefik Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
1882–1885
Succeeded by
Mehmed Kamil Pasha
Preceded by
Ahmed Cevad Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
1895
Succeeded by
Mehmed Kamil Pasha
Preceded by
Halil Rifat Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
1901–1903
Succeeded by
Mehmed Ferid Pasha
Preceded by
Mehmed Ferid Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
1908
Succeeded by
Mehmed Kamil Pasha
Preceded by
Ibrahim Hakki Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
1911–1912
Succeeded by
Ahmed Muhtar Pasha