Meighen Island

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Meighen Island
Meighenisland.png
Meighen Island, Nunavut
Geography
Location Arctic Ocean
Coordinates 79°59′N 099°30′W / 79.983°N 99.500°W / 79.983; -99.500 (Meighen Island)Coordinates: 79°59′N 099°30′W / 79.983°N 99.500°W / 79.983; -99.500 (Meighen Island)
Archipelago Sverdrup Islands[1]
Queen Elizabeth Islands
Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Area 955 km2 (369 sq mi)
Length 56 km (34.8 mi)
Width 30 km (19 mi)
Country
Canada
Province  Nunavut
Region Qikiqtaaluk
Demographics
Population Uninhabited
Closeup of Meighen Island

Meighen Island is an uninhabited member of the Queen Elizabeth Islands, part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada.

Features and history[edit]

Located at 79°55'N 99°30'W, it measures 955 km2 (369 sq mi) in size and is topped with an ice cap. The island is continuously icebound, and its northwestern coast faces onto the open Arctic Ocean.

Unlike many Canadian Arctic islands, no traces of Inuit or Thule camps have been found, suggesting the island has never been occupied, and this is likely due to its extreme northern latitude.

The first known sighting of the island was in 1916, during the Canadian Arctic Expedition by Vilhjalmur Stefansson.

Naming[edit]

The island was later named after Arthur Meighen, Canadian prime minister 1920-21 and 1926.

Neighbouring islands[edit]

Meighen Island has few neighbours. It is about 40 km (25 mi) west of the next nearest major island, Axel Heiberg Island. About 4 km (2.5 mi) to Meighen's north, across the Hose Strait, lies small crescent-shaped Perley Island. The Fay Islands lie between Meighen Island and Axel Heiberg Island within the Sverdrup Channel.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mills, William James (2003). Exploring Polar Frontiers: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 421. ISBN 1-57607-422-6. 

External link[edit]