Meir Shamgar

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Meir Shamgar
Meir Shamgar.jpg
Native name מאיר שמגר
Born (1925-08-13) August 13, 1925 (age 89)
The Free City of Danzig
(modern Gdańsk, Poland)
Citizenship Israeli
Alma mater
Employer Israeli Supreme Court
Title President (1983–95)
Parents Eliezer and Dina Sterenberg
Awards 1996 Israel Prize for special contribution to society and the State of Israel

Meir Shamgar (Hebrew: מאיר שמגר) (born August 13, 1925) was President of the Israeli Supreme Court from 1983 until 1995.


Shamgar was born Meir Sterenberg (or Sternberg) in the Free City of Danzig (modern Gdańsk, Poland) to Eliezer and Dina Sterenberg.[1][1]

He emigrated to Palestine in 1939.[2]

He was arrested by the British in 1944 for anti-British activity and being an Irgun activist, and deported from Palestine to Eritrea. While in detention in Eritrea he studied law by a correspondence course with the University of London.[3][4][5] Fellow inmates in Eritrea included Yitzhak Shamir and Shmuel Tamir.[6]

He studied history and philosophy at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and law at the Government Law School of the University of London.[2] Part of his legal studies was done while he was interned in Africa.[3]

He served in the Israel Defense Forces, fighting in the 1948 War of Independence and attaining the rank of Brigadier General.[2][7]

In 1996 Shamgar chaired the Commission of Inquiry into the murder of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.[2]


  1. ^ Sleeman, Elizabeth (2003). The international Who's Who 2004. Europa publications. p. 1527. 
  2. ^ a b c "Meir Shamgar". Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved December 30, 2009. 
  3. ^ "Justice Meir Shamgar, Democracy Award Laureate". The Israel Democracy Institute. Retrieved March 20, 2008. 

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