Meitetsu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Nagoya Railroad Co., Ltd.
Native name 名古屋鉄道株式会社
Type Public KK (TYO: 9048)
Industry Private railroad
Founded June 13, 1921 (1921-06-13)[1]
Headquarters Nagoya, Japan
Area served Aichi Prefecture, Gifu Prefecture
Website http://www.meitetsu.co.jp/

Nagoya Railroad Co., Ltd. (名古屋鉄道株式会社 Nagoya Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha?) TYO: 9048, often abbreviated as Meitetsu (名鉄?), is a railroad company operating around Aichi Prefecture and Gifu Prefecture of Japan.

Some of the more famous trains operated by Nagoya Railroad include the Panorama Car and the Panorama Car Super, both of which offer views through their wide front windows. While the Panorama Super train is used extensively for the railroad's limited express service, the older and more energy-consuming Panorama Car train has been retired, the last run being on 27 December 2008.

In the Tōkai region around Nagoya, it is a central firm of the Meitetsu Group, which is involved in the transportation industry, the retail trade, the service industry, and the real estate industry, etc.

History[edit]

While Nagoya Railroad is an old company in its own right, it has acquired many small rail companies in the area surrounding Nagoya, so most lines that belong to modern-day Nagoya Railroad were constructed and operated by other companies which later merged with Nagoya Railroad, mostly in the prewar and wartime period. For example, it acquired its Kōwa Line on the Chita Peninsula from its merger with Chita Railroad on February 1, 1943 and it acquired its Mikawa Line from its merger with Mikawa Railroad.[2][3] However, the company that became modern Nagoya Railroad was Aichi Horsecar Company, founded on June 25, 1894; 120 years ago (1894-06-25).[4]

Meiji Mura is the corporate museum of Nagoya Railroad.

As of March 31, 2010, Nagoya Railroad operated 444.2 kilometres (276.0 mi) of track, 275 stations, and 1090 train cars.[5]

Lines[edit]

Linemap
Direction Name Japanese Terminals Length (km)
Main Nagoya Line 名古屋本線 Toyohashi - Meitetsu Gifu 99.8
Western Aichi
and Gifu Area
Takehana Line 竹鼻線 Kasamatsu - Egira 10.3
Hashima Line 羽島線 Egira - Shin Hashima 1.3
Bisai Line 尾西線 Yatomi - Tamanoi 30.9
Tsushima Line 津島線 Sukaguchi - Tsushima 11.8
Northern Aichi
and Chūnō
Inuyama Line1 犬山線 Biwajima Junction - Shin-Unuma 26.8
Kakamigahara Line 各務原線 Meitetsu Gifu - Shin-Unuma 17.6
Hiromi Line 広見線 Inuyama - Mitake 22.3
Komaki Line2 小牧線 Kami Iida - Inuyama 20.4
Chita Peninsula Tokoname Line 常滑線 Jingū-mae - Tokoname 29.3
Airport Line 空港線 Tokoname - Central Japan Int'l Airport 4.2
Chikkō Line 築港線 Ōe - Higashi Nagoyakō 1.5
Kōwa Line 河和線 Ōtagawa - Kōwa 28.8
Chita Line 知多新線 Fuki - Utsumi 13.9
Mikawa
(Eastern Aichi)
Mikawa Line 三河線 Sanage - Hekinan 39.8
Toyota Line1 豊田線 Umetsubo - Akaike 15.2
Nishio Line 西尾線 Shin Anjō - Kira Yoshida 24.7
Gamagōri Line 蒲郡線 Kira Yoshida - Gamagōri 17.6
Toyokawa Line 豊川線 - Toyokawa-inari 7.2
Independent Seto Line 瀬戸線 Sakaemachi - Owari Seto 20.6

1 Through operation to/from the Nagoya Municipal Subway Tsurumai Line
2 Through operation to/from the Nagoya Municipal Subway Kamiiida Line

Major stations[edit]

Meitetsu Limited Express Network

Major Stations in Nagoya City

Nagoya Line (East Side) and Toyokawa Line

Tokoname Line, Chikkō Line and Airport Line

Kōwa Line and Chita New Line

Mikawa Line, Toyota Line, Nishio Line and Gamagōri Line

Nagoya Line (West Side), Takehana Line and Hashima Line

Tsushima Line and Bisai Line

Inuyama Line, Kakamigahara Line and Hiromi Line

Komaki Line and Kami Iida Line

Seto Line

Rolling stock[edit]

Meitetsu Panorama Super ( Left ) & Airport Train μ-Sky ( Right )
Meitetsu 7000 series "Panorama Car" train
Meitetsu 5000 series commuter

Nippon Sharyo has produced nearly every car that Meitetsu operates or has operated, a notable exception being its DeKi 600, an electric locomotive, which was produced by Toshiba, but very few units were produced for Meitetsu. The DeKi 600 is one of the few locomotives that Meitetsu possesses: while the company used to engage in the freight business and still possesses some freight locomotives, it no longer carries freight on a regular basis.

Meitetsu is famous for its red trains, including its famous 7000 Series "Panorama Car" which was retired in 2009 after a career lasting nearly half a century. The most recent cars, however, are not solid red but rather brushed steel as in the case of the 4000 Series and 5000 Series, or white as in the case of the 1700 Series or 2000 Series.

The following are the train types that Meitetsu operates today, as well as selected types that Meitetsu has retired:

References[edit]

  1. ^ 鷲田, 鉄也 (September 2010), 週刊朝日百科, 週刊歴史でめぐる鉄道全路線 (in Japanese) (Japan: Asahi Shimbun Publications, Inc.) (8): 21, ISBN 978-4-02-340138-9 
  2. ^ 鷲田, 鉄也 (September 2010), 週刊朝日百科, 週刊歴史でめぐる鉄道全路線 (in Japanese) (Japan: Asahi Shimbun Publications, Inc.) (9): 10, ISBN 978-4-02-340139-6 
  3. ^ 佐藤, 信之 (19 June 2004), "高度経済成長期の鉄道整備―昭和30~40年代", 地下鉄の歴史首都圏・中部・近畿圏 (in Japanese), グランプリ出版, p. 129, ISBN 4-87687-260-0 
  4. ^ 鷲田, 鉄也 (September 2010), 週刊朝日百科, 週刊歴史でめぐる鉄道全路線 (in Japanese) (Japan: Asahi Shimbun Publications, Inc.) (8): 20, ISBN 978-4-02-340138-9 
  5. ^ 鷲田, 鉄也 (September 2010), 週刊朝日百科, 週刊歴史でめぐる鉄道全路線 (in Japanese) (Japan: Asahi Shimbun Publications, Inc.) (8): 1, ISBN 978-4-02-340138-9 

External links[edit]