Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line

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Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line
1000 series EMU
1000 series EMU "Panorama Super" for Limited Express
Overview
Type Commuter rail
Locale Aichi
Gifu
Termini Toyohashi
Meitetsu-Gifu
Stations 60
Daily ridership 221,098 [1] (2008)
Operation
Opening September 1, 1944 (1944-09-01) (as it is today)[2]
Owner Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu)
Technical
Line length 99.8 km (62.01 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification Overhead catenary 1500V DC
Operating speed 120 km/h (75 mph)
Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line

JR-C: Tōkaidō Main Line
JR-C: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Toyotetsu: Atsumi LineRight
Shin-Toyohashi
LeftToyotetsu: Azumada Main Line
0.0 Toyohashi
Shimin-Byōin-mae
JR-C: Toyohashi depot
JR-C: UpTōkaidō ShinkansenRight
JR-F: Toyohashi ORS
Funamachi
Toyokawa
Shimoji
Toyokawa
(3.8) Hirai S.B.
Nishi-Kozakai
JR-C: UpTōkaidō Main LineRight
DownLeftJR-C: Iida Line
LeftKozakai Branch Line ja
LeftKozakai
5.0 Ina
6.6 Odabuchi
Toyokawa-Inari
LeftToyokawa LineDown
9.6
10.7 Goyu
12.5 Meiden-Akasaka
15.0 Meiden-Nagasawa
18.7 Motojuku
20.4 Meiden Yamanaka
(21.0) Maiki S.B.
Maiki depot
23.1 Fujikawa
25.6 Miai
27.6 Otogawa
29.8 Higashi-Okazaki
LeftOkazaki City Line jaRight
old Okazakikōen-mae
31.1 Okazakikōen-mae
Naka-Okazaki
LeftAikan: Aichi Loop LineRight
Yahagi River
32.5 Yahagibashi
34.8 Utō
Gamagōri
Gamagōri LineUp
Kira-Yoshida
Nishio LineRight
38.3 Shin-Anjō
40.9 Ushida
Chiryū S.B.
Hekinan
Nishi-Nakagane
Sanage
Toyota-shi
freight bypass
Higashi-Chiryū
LeftMikawa-Chiryū
43.1 Chiryū
Mikawa LineRight
44.6 Hitotsugi
46.6 Fujimatsu
Toyoake depot
48.1 Toyoake
49.8 Zengo
51.4 Chūkyō-keibajō-mae
52.7 Arimatsu
53.8 Sakyōyama
Narumi depot
55.1 Narumi
56.7 Moto-Hoshizaki
LeftNagoya City Tramway: Kasamatsu ExtensionRight
58.2 Moto-Kasadera
58.9 Sakura
59.9 Yobitsugi
Yamazaki River
LeftSubway: Meijō LineDown
Myōon-dōri
61.1 HoritaHorita
DownUpJR-C: Tōkaidō Main Line
DownTokoname, Airport, and
DownKōwa, Chita New linesRight
62.2 Jingū-mae
DownNagoya City Tramway: Atsuta LineRight
Atsuta
LeftNagoya City TramwayRight
LeftJR-C: Chūō Main Line
Kanayamabashi
LeftNagoya City Tramway: Atsuta LineUp
64.4 Kanayama
UpSubway: Meikō LineRight
LeftSubway: Meijō Line
Horikawa
LeftNagoya City TramwayRight
Otōbashi
Nagoya City TramwayUpDown
DownJR-F: Nagoyakō LineRight
DownJR-C: Tōkaidō ShinkansenRight
JR-C: Sannō S.B.
66.0 Sannō
canal
JR-C: Tōkaidō ShinkansenUpDown
DownJR-C: Kansai Main LineRight
Aonami LineRight
Yanagibashi
Kintetsu: Nagoya LineRight
LeftDownSubway: Higashiyama Line
RightKintetsu Nagoya
68.0 LeftMeitetsu Nagoya
Nagoya(LeftSubway/JR-CRight)
LeftSakuradōri LineRight
UpSubway; Higashiyama LineRight
Oshikirimachi
69.9 Sakō
JR-C: Nagoya depot
70.7 Higashi-Biwajima
Shōnai River
(71.3) Biwajima Junction
DownLeftInuyama Line
Shin-Unuma
71.6 Nishi-Biwajima
DownLeftJR-C: Tōkaidō Main LineRightUp
DownLeftJR-C: Tōkaidō ShinkansenRightUp
72.2 Futatsuiri
72.8 Shinkawabashi
Shinkawa depot
73.5 Sukaguchi
Tsushima LineRight
Bisai LineUpDown
74.3 Marunouchi
LeftKiyosu Line ja
Kiyosumachi
75.2 Shin-Kiyosu
UpLeftJR-C: Tōkaidō ShinkansenRight
77.5 Ōsato
78.8 Okuda
80.9 Kōnomiya
82.9 Shima-Ujinaga
UpLeftJR-C: Tōkaidō Main Line
84.7 Myōkōji
Bisai LineRightUp
LeftLeftHigashi-Ichinomiya
LeftIchinomiya Line ja
86.4 Meitetsu Ichinomiya
LeftJR-C: Owari-Ichinomiya
Bisai LineRightDown/Okoshi Line ja
88.3 Imaise/Tamanoi
89.2 Iwato
91.2 Shin-Kisogawa
Kisogawa/Kisogawabashi
92.1 Kuroda
LeftJR-C: Tōkaidō Main Line
93.9 Kisogawa-zutsumi/Kisogawa-kō
UpAichi Prefecture
Kiso River
DownGifu Prefecture
Higashi-Kasamatsu
Shin-Hashima
Hashima LineRight
Takehana LineRight
95.1 Kasamatsu
96.9 Ginan
Sakai River
Shimokawate
Chajo depot
98.3 Chajo
98.7 Kanō
JR-C: UpTōkaidō Main LineRight
JR-C: LeftTakayama Main Line
Gifu
Gifu-Ekimae
99.8 Meitetsu Gifu
LeftKakamigahara Line
DownGifu City Line ja
3500 series EMU for commuter service

The Nagoya Main Line (名古屋本線 Nagoya Honsen?) is a railway line operated by Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu), connecting Toyohashi Station, Toyohashi and Meitetsu Gifu, Gifu.

Since its amalgamation in 1944 (see History section) this has been the Meitetsu main line. Many branch lines of Meitetsu have through services to/from the Nagoya Line. Toyokawa, Nishio, Tokoname (which has its through services with Airport, Kōwa, Chita), and Inuyama lines all have through services bound for Meitetsu Nagoya, making the segment around that station extremely busy. Between Biwajima Junction and Kanayama, 26 trains proceed per hour, even during off-peak periods. All the stations accept Tranpass, a prepaid magnetic card.

The line largely parallels the Tōkaidō Main Line in the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area (Greater Nagoya). Local traffic on the Nagoya Line used to be much heavier than on the Tōkaidō Main Line, but since the privatization of the Japanese National Railways (JNR), transforming into the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) in this area, competition has become more significant in the Chūkyō area.

Due to historical reasons, the line shares its track between Hirai Signal Box and Toyohashi Station with the JR Iida Line. The agreement between two companies prohibits Meitetsu to have more than 6 trains in one direction per hour on the 3.8 km of shared tracks. Consequently, local trains are unable to reach Toyohashi, instead, terminate at Ina Station.

Basic data[edit]

  • Distance: 99.8 km (approx. 62.0 mi.)
  • Stations: 60
  • Gauge: 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
  • Track:
    • Quadruple: Jingū-mae to Kanayama
    • Double: Hirai Signal Box to Jingū-mae, Kanayama to Kanō
    • Single: Toyohashi to Hirai Signal Box (A shared track with JR Iida Line, virtually double-tracked), Kanō to Meitetsu-Gifu (Only a short section right before Meitetsu-Gifu.)
  • Electric supply: 1,500 V DC
  • Block system: Automatic
  • Maximum speed at service: 120 km/h (85 km/h between Toyohashi and Hirai Signal Box.)

History[edit]

Three different companies built sections of the line, which were subsequently amalgamated and linked to create today's line.

The Nagoya Electric Railway Co. opened the Nagoya - Sugaguchi section, dual track and electrified at 600 VDC, in 1914, the same year the Mino Electric Railway Co. opened the Suga - Gifu section, single track and electrified at 600 VDC. These two companies merged in 1930 to form Meitetsu. The Sugaguchi - Marunouchi and Konomiya - Ichinomiya sections were duplicated in 1928, and by 1935 the line was dual track as far as Kano.

Meanwhile the Aichi Electric Railway Co. opened the Jingu-mae - Arimatsu section in 1917, electrified at 600 VDC, and extended the line to Toyohashi in 1923. The Narumi - Yahagibashi section was duplicated in 1924, and by 1935 the line was duplicated from Hotta to the Hirai Signal Box. The voltage on the line was increased to 1500 VDC in 1925.

In 1935 the Aichi Electric Railway Co. merged with Meitetsu, the Jingu-mae - Hotta section was duplicated in 1942 and in 1944 the Nagoya - Jingu-mae section opened as dual track, linking the two sections, though through-running was not possible until the voltage on the Nagoya - Gifu section was increased to 1500 VDC in 1948.

Former connecting lines[edit]

  • Marunouchi station - The Mino Electric Railway Co. opened a 1km line to Kiyosu-Cho, electrified at 600 VDC, in 1914. The company merged with Meitetsu in 1930. Services were deemed non-essential and ceased in 1944, and the line was formally closed in 1948 when the voltage on the main line was increased to 1500 VDC.
  • Ichinomiya station - The Nagoya Electric Railway Co. opened a 7km line electrified at 600 VDC from Iwakura on its Inuyama line in 1913. The voltage on the line was increased to 1500 VDC in 1948, and the line closed in 1965.
  • Gifu station - Two lines connected here via the Gifu tram system (which itself closed in 2005):

The Mino Electric Railway Co. opened an 18km 1067mm gauge line electrified at 600 VDC to Hon Ibi in 1928. The company merged with Meitetsu in 1930, the line closed in 2001. An 11km 1067mm gauge branch from Kurono (5km from Hon Ibi) was opened by the Tanigumi Railway Co. to its namesake town in 1926, electrified at 600 VDC. The company merged with Meitetsu in 1944, and the line closed in 2001.

The Nagara Light Railway Co. opened a 5km 1067mm gauge line to Takatomi in 1915 and was acquired by the Mino Electric Railway Co. in 1920, which electrified the line at 600 VDC, merging with Meitetsu in 1930. The line closed in 1960.

Rapid services[edit]

Abbreviations are tentative for this article.

Lo: Local (普通 Futsū?)
SE: Semi Express (準急 Junkyū?)
Ex: Express (急行 Kyūkō?)
RE: Rapid Express (快速急行 Kaisoku Kyūkō?)
LE: Limited Express (特急 Tokkyū?)
RL: Rapid Limited Express (快速特急 Kaisoku Tokkyū?)
MU: μSKY Limited Express (ミュースカイ Myū Sukai?)

Stations[edit]

For abbreviations of rapid trains, refer to the above section. For distances and connections, see the route diagram.

Some trains stop at stations signed with lower cases. At Sukaguchi, Limited Expresses only from Tsushima Line stop, shown as LE*.

For distances and transfers, see the route diagram.

Station Stop Location
Toyohashi       Ex    LE RL    Toyohashi Aichi
Ina Lo SM Ex    le rl    Toyokawa
Odabuchi Lo                  
Lo SM Ex    LE rl   
Goyu Lo                  
Meiden Akasaka Lo                  
Meiden Nagasawa Lo                  
Motojuku Lo SM Ex    le rl    Okazaki
Meiden Yamanaka Lo                  
Fujikawa Lo SE               
Miai Lo SM Ex    le rl   
Otogawa Lo SE ex            
Higashi-Okazaki Lo SM Ex    LE RL   
Okazakikōen-mae Station Lo                  
Yahagibashi Lo SM ex            
Utō Lo                  
Shin-Anjō Lo SM Ex    LE       Anjō
Ushida Lo sm                Chiryū
Chiryū Lo SM Ex    LE RL   
Hitotsugi Lo                   Kariya
Fujimatsu Lo                  
Toyoake Lo SM ex             Toyoake
Zengo Lo SM Ex            
Chūkyō-keibajō-mae Lo SM ex             Midori, Nagoya
Arimatsu Lo SM ex            
Sakyōyama Lo sm               
Narumi Lo SM Ex    le      
Moto-Hoshizaki Lo                   Minami, Nagoya
Moto-Kasadera Lo sm               
Sakura Lo                  
Yobitsugi Lo                  
Horita Lo SM Ex             Mizuho, Nagoya
Jingū-mae Lo SM Ex RE LE RL MU Atsuta, Nagoya
Kanayama Lo SM Ex RE LE RL MU Naka, Nagoya
Sannō Lo                   Nakagawa, Nagoya
Meitetsu-Nagoya Lo SM Ex RE LE RL MU Nakamura, Nagoya
Sakō Lo SM Ex             Nishi, Nagoya
Higashi-Biwajima Lo                  
Biwajima Junction                      Kiyosu
Nishi-Biwajima Lo                  
Futatsuiri Lo SM ex            
Shinkawabashi Lo                  
Sukaguchi Lo SM Ex RE LE*      
Marunouchi Lo                  
Shin-Kiyosu Lo SM Ex RE         
Ōsato Lo SM ex re          Inazawa
Okuda Lo                  
Kōnomiya Lo SM Ex RE LE RL MU
Shima-Ujinaga Lo                  
Myōkōji Lo                   Ichinomiya
Meitetsu Ichinomiya Lo SM Ex RE LE RL MU
Imaise Lo                  
Iwato Lo                  
Shin-Kisogawa Lo SM Ex RE le RL   
Kuroda Lo                  
Kisogawa-zutsumi Lo                  
Kasamatsu Lo SM Ex RE le RL    Kasamatsu, Hashima Gifu
Ginan Lo                   Ginan, Hashima
Chajo Lo                   Gifu
Kanō Lo                  
Meitetsu Gifu Lo SM Ex RE LE RL MU
1: Some trains of the marked line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu-Nagoya.
2: All trains of Inuyama line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu-Nagoya.
2: Some trains of Takehana line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu-Gifu.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

  1. ^ 各鉄軌道会社のご案内 (Report). Japan Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. http://wwwtb.mlit.go.jp/chubu/tetudo/tetudouhp.htm. Retrieved 19 December 2010.
  2. ^ 曽根, 悟 (September 2010), 週刊朝日百科, 週刊歴史でめぐる鉄道全路線 (in Japanese) (Japan: Asahi Shimbun Publications, Inc.) (8): 3, ISBN 978-4-02-340138-9 

External links[edit]