Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line
|Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line|
|Daily ridership||221,098  (2008)|
|Opening||September 1, 1944(as it is today)|
|Owner||Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu)|
|Line length||99.8 km (62.01 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||Overhead catenary 1500V DC|
|Operating speed||120 km/h (75 mph)|
|Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line|
Since its amalgamation in 1944 (see History section) this has been the Meitetsu main line. Many branch lines of Meitetsu have through services to/from the Nagoya Line. Toyokawa, Nishio, Tokoname (which has its through services with Airport, Kōwa, Chita), and Inuyama lines all have through services bound for Meitetsu Nagoya, making the segment around that station extremely busy. Between Biwajima Junction and Kanayama, 26 trains proceed per hour, even during off-peak periods. All the stations accept Tranpass, a prepaid magnetic card.
The line largely parallels the Tōkaidō Main Line in the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area (Greater Nagoya). Local traffic on the Nagoya Line used to be much heavier than on the Tōkaidō Main Line, but since the privatization of the Japanese National Railways (JNR), transforming into the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) in this area, competition has become more significant in the Chūkyō area.
Due to historical reasons, the line shares its track between Hirai Signal Box and Toyohashi Station with the JR Iida Line. The agreement between two companies prohibits Meitetsu to have more than 6 trains in one direction per hour on the 3.8 km of shared tracks. Consequently, local trains are unable to reach Toyohashi, instead, terminate at Ina Station.
- Distance: 99.8 km (approx. 62.0 mi.)
- Stations: 60
- Gauge: 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
- Quadruple: Jingū-mae to Kanayama
- Double: Hirai Signal Box to Jingū-mae, Kanayama to Kanō
- Single: Toyohashi to Hirai Signal Box (A shared track with JR Iida Line, virtually double-tracked), Kanō to Meitetsu-Gifu (Only a short section right before Meitetsu-Gifu.)
- Electric supply: 1,500 V DC
- Block system: Automatic
- Maximum speed at service: 120 km/h (85 km/h between Toyohashi and Hirai Signal Box.)
Three different companies built sections of the line, which were subsequently amalgamated and linked to create today's line.
The Nagoya Electric Railway Co. opened the Nagoya - Sugaguchi section, dual track and electrified at 600 VDC, in 1914, the same year the Mino Electric Railway Co. opened the Suga - Gifu section, single track and electrified at 600 VDC. These two companies merged in 1930 to form Meitetsu. The Sugaguchi - Marunouchi and Konomiya - Ichinomiya sections were duplicated in 1928, and by 1935 the line was dual track as far as Kano.
Meanwhile the Aichi Electric Railway Co. opened the Jingu-mae - Arimatsu section in 1917, electrified at 600 VDC, and extended the line to Toyohashi in 1923. The Narumi - Yahagibashi section was duplicated in 1924, and by 1935 the line was duplicated from Hotta to the Hirai Signal Box. The voltage on the line was increased to 1500 VDC in 1925.
In 1935 the Aichi Electric Railway Co. merged with Meitetsu, the Jingu-mae - Hotta section was duplicated in 1942 and in 1944 the Nagoya - Jingu-mae section opened as dual track, linking the two sections, though through-running was not possible until the voltage on the Nagoya - Gifu section was increased to 1500 VDC in 1948.
Former connecting lines
- Marunouchi station - The Mino Electric Railway Co. opened a 1km line to Kiyosu-Cho, electrified at 600 VDC, in 1914. The company merged with Meitetsu in 1930. Services were deemed non-essential and ceased in 1944, and the line was formally closed in 1948 when the voltage on the main line was increased to 1500 VDC.
- Ichinomiya station - The Nagoya Electric Railway Co. opened a 7km line electrified at 600 VDC from Iwakura on its Inuyama line in 1913. The voltage on the line was increased to 1500 VDC in 1948, and the line closed in 1965.
- Gifu station - Two lines connected here via the Gifu tram system (which itself closed in 2005):
The Mino Electric Railway Co. opened an 18km 1067mm gauge line electrified at 600 VDC to Hon Ibi in 1928. The company merged with Meitetsu in 1930, the line closed in 2001. An 11km 1067mm gauge branch from Kurono (5km from Hon Ibi) was opened by the Tanigumi Railway Co. to its namesake town in 1926, electrified at 600 VDC. The company merged with Meitetsu in 1944, and the line closed in 2001.
The Nagara Light Railway Co. opened a 5km 1067mm gauge line to Takatomi in 1915 and was acquired by the Mino Electric Railway Co. in 1920, which electrified the line at 600 VDC, merging with Meitetsu in 1930. The line closed in 1960.
Abbreviations are tentative for this article.
- Lo: Local (普通 Futsū?)
- SE: Semi Express (準急 Junkyū?)
- Ex: Express (急行 Kyūkō?)
- RE: Rapid Express (快速急行 Kaisoku Kyūkō?)
- LE: Limited Express (特急 Tokkyū?)
- RL: Rapid Limited Express (快速特急 Kaisoku Tokkyū?)
- MU: μSKY Limited Express (ミュースカイ Myū Sukai?)
For abbreviations of rapid trains, refer to the above section. For distances and connections, see the route diagram.
For distances and transfers, see the route diagram.
- 1: Some trains of the marked line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu-Nagoya.
- 2: All trains of Inuyama line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu-Nagoya.
- 2: Some trains of Takehana line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu-Gifu.
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia
- 各鉄軌道会社のご案内 (Report). Japan Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. http://wwwtb.mlit.go.jp/chubu/tetudo/tetudouhp.htm. Retrieved 19 December 2010.
- 曽根, 悟 (September 2010), 週刊朝日百科, 週刊歴史でめぐる鉄道全路線 (in Japanese) (Japan: Asahi Shimbun Publications, Inc.) (8): 3, ISBN 978-4-02-340138-9