|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Meijiang District|
|• Prefecture-level city||15,836 km2 (6,114 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||5,052,800 (2,008)|
|• Urban||1,320,700 (2,008)|
|• Major Nationalities||Han|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|License Plate Prefix||粤M|
|Postal Map||Meihsien or Kaying|
|Literal meaning||Plum/prune Prefecture|
Méizhōu (Chinese: 梅州) is a prefecture-level city (地级市) of eastern Guangdong province, in southern China. It has an area of 15,836 km2 (6,114 sq mi), and a population of 5.05 million. It comprises Meijiang District (梅江区), Xingning City (兴宁市) and 6 counties. Meizhou is honored with the Hometown of Culture, Hometown of the Overseas Hakka Chinese and Hometown of Football.
The name Meizhou comes from the Mei River and plum blossom (mei). Meizhou was established as a prefecture named Jingzhou in the Southern Han (917-971). It was changed into Meizhou in the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127) and Jiaying Prefecture (Chinese Postal Map Romanisation: Kaying) in the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911). After several subsequent shifts of jurisdiction, it became Meizhou City in 1988. Now Meizhou is a famous historical and cultural city.
Meizhou is located in the northeast of Guangdong Province, bordering Fujian Province in the northeast and Jiangxi Province in the northwest. The complex geological structure was formed mainly from granite, spouting rocks, metamorphic rock, shale, sandstone, red rock and limestone. Its administrative area ranges in latitude from 23° 23' to 24° 56' N and in longitude from 115° 18' to 116° 56' E, covering an area of 15,836 km2 (6,114 sq mi).
Meizhou has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with short, mild, overcast winters and long, very hot, humid summers. The monthly daily average temperature in January is 12.4 °C (54.3 °F), and in July is 28.6 °C (83.5 °F). From April to June, rainfall is the heaviest and most frequent. Though striking typhoons do not affect the area as much as the coast, the mountainous topography means that flooding is a serious concern.
|Climate data for Meizhou (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||18.2
|Average low °C (°F)||8.3
|Rainfall mm (inches)||47.2
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||8.2||12.1||16.0||16.5||18.7||18.0||14.5||16.6||12.9||6.2||5.2||5.6||150.5|
|Source: Weather China|
A second district of Meizhou is Jiangbei (江北), on the left bank. The two urban areas are joined by many road and foot bridges.
Both of these are subdistricts of Meijiang District.
|#||Name||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2003 est.)||Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|1||Meijiang District||梅江区||Méijiāng Qū||310,000||323||960|
|2||Xingning City||兴宁市||Xīngníng Shì||1,130,000||2,104||537|
|3||Mei County||梅县||Méi Xiàn||610,000||2,754||221|
|4||Dabu County||大埔县||Dàbù Xiàn||520,000||2,470||211|
|5||Fengshun County||丰顺县||Fēngshùn Xiàn||670,000||2,710||247|
|6||Wuhua County||五华县||Wǔhuá Xiàn||1,200,000||3,226||372|
|7||Pingyuan County||平远县||Píngyuǎn Xiàn||250,000||1,381||181|
|8||Jiaoling County||蕉岭县||Jiāolǐng Xiàn||220,000||957||230|
Meizhou is rich in mineral and tourism resources. It has 48 kinds of minerals including coal, iron mine, limestone, rare clay and porcelain clay etc., among which the reserves of manganese are ranked first in Guangdong province. Meizhou has plenty of water resources, hot springs and qualified mineral water. There are tourism resources such as cultural historic sites constructed during the Tang Dynasty, former residences of famous figures, natural scenery of all kinds, and unique Hakka cultural sights.
Meizhou is a vital communication hub for the three provinces of Guangdong, Fujian, and Jiangxi. It is the bridge connecting the coastal and the inland areas. State Highways 205 and 206 run across the city. Guangzhou-Meizhou-Shantou Railway and Meizhou-Kanshi Railway cross here. Expressways, state, provincial county and village highways reach all parts of the city. The city is served by the regional Meixian Airport, with regular air routes to Guangzhou and Hong Kong. By water, the Mei River and Han River reach Chaozhou and Shantou.
People and culture
Hakkas are a unique ethnic group of Han Chinese originally from around the Yellow River area, who later migrated south to avoid the chaos of war centuries ago. Due to hostility towards the new immigrants, many were forced into the mountainous regions of Guangdong. The migratory tradition has continued with the redistribution of Hakka people to the most remote parts of the world. Many people in Meizhou emigrated during the last century to earn money for their families, with some returning to build their hometowns.
Many buildings are named after famous people in Meizhou, built by returning Hakkas.
As a mountainous area, Meizhou has many beautiful natural scenes and good air quality. Many visitors come to the Yannanfei Tea Garden to climb the mountain. On the mountain, the eyes are treated to a feast of greenery, and visitors feel as if "walking among the clouds". Here, one cannot avoid the flavour of the tea.
Hakka folk music is also a feature of the area. The folk songs sing of the Hakka people, their passion for their hometown, and of love.
Education in Meizhou has been highly valued since ancient times. The city is the hometown of Huang Zunxian, a diplomat and reformist, modern poet Li Jinhua, painter Lin Fengmian and marshal Ye Jianying. The city is home to Jiaying University, a local university which also attracts students from other provinces. The university is also known for its research in Hakka culture.
The salt baked chicken is one of the most famous Hakka food, which can also be bought in many other cities in China. Another local dish is Yong tau foo (tofu stuffed with meat), which has a very interesting origin. It is said that when Hakka people first came to the south, there was no wheat flour to make dumplings so they used tofu instead. They put meat and some other ingredients into the tofu and it made a good, special taste. It was handed down and became a special recipe of Hakka cuisine. Other foods like preserved beef and ginger candies are also very popular.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Meizhou.|
- "Investment Environment". Archived from the original on 2006-10-14. Retrieved 2006-12-27.
- Origin of the name Meizhou
- Ministry of Culture, P.R.China. "Meizhou Travel and culture". chinaculture.org. Retrieved 2006-12-27.
- "Meizhou Geography". meizhou.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 2007-06-27. Retrieved 2006-12-27.
- "Meizhou City - Transport". Archived from the original on 2006-08-22.