about 20, see text.
Melampyrum is a genus of about 20 species of herbaceous flowering plants in the family Orobanchaceae known commonly as cow wheat. They are native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. They are hemiparasites on other plants, obtaining water and nutrients from host plants, though they are able to survive on their own without parasitising other plants.
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- Selected species
- Melampyrum arvense (field cow-wheat). Europe.
- Melampyrum cristatum (crested cow-wheat). Europe.
- Melampyrum klebelsbergianum. Asia.
- Melampyrum koreanum. Asia.
- Melampyrum laxum. Asia.
- Melampyrum lineare (narrowleaf cow-wheat). North America.
- Melampyrum nemorosum (wood cow-wheat). Europe.
- Melampyrum pratense (common cow-wheat). Europe.
- Melampyrum roseum. Asia.
- Melampyrum sylvaticum (small cow-wheat). Europe.
- Kim, K. and S. Yun. (2012). A new species of Melampyrum (Orobanchaceae) from southern Korea. Phytotaxa 42 48-50.
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