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Melanchlaeni dwelt in the North of this mapped area. Copper-engraved map, London ca. 1770

Melanchlaeni (meaning "black-cloaks") may refer to two ancient tribes. One is a tribe mentioned by Herodotus that lived north of Scythia. They have been identified by some with various Finnic tribes[citation needed], Cimmerians or Balts.

The other tribe is mentioned by Pliny the Elder and also by Ptolemy.