||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2007)|
Melanie in 1975.
|Birth name||Melanie Anne Safka|
|Born||February 3, 1947|
|Origin||Astoria, Queens, New York, United States|
|Genres||Folk, pop, country|
|Occupations||Singer, songwriter, musician|
Melanie Anne Safka-Schekeryk (born February 3, 1947) is an American singer-songwriter. Known professionally as Melanie, she is best known for her hits "Brand New Key", "Ruby Tuesday", "What Have They Done To My Song Ma" and "Lay Down (Candles in the Rain)".
Early career 
Melanie was born and grew up in the Astoria neighborhood of Queens, New York City, New York. Her father, Fred, was of a Russian-Ukrainian ethnic background and her jazz singer mother, Polly, was of Italian heritage. Melanie made her first public singing appearance at age four on the radio show Live Like A Millionaire, performing the song "Gimme a Little Kiss". She attended Red Bank High School in Red Bank, New Jersey, graduating in 1966. After school, her parents insisted that she go to college, so she studied acting at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York, where she began singing in the folk clubs of Greenwich Village and signed her first recording contract.
Initially signed to Columbia Records in the United States, Melanie released two singles on the label. Subsequently she signed with Buddah Records and first found chart success in Europe in 1969 with "Bobo's Party" which reached Number 1 in France. Her debut album received rave reviews from Billboard which heralded her voice as "... wise beyond her years. Her non-conformist approach to the selections on this LP make her a new talent to be reckoned with."
Later in 1969, Melanie had a hit in the Netherlands with "Beautiful People". She also performed at the Woodstock Festival in 1969 and the inspiration for her signature song, "Lay Down (Candles in the Rain)", apparently arose from the Woodstock audience lighting candles during her set (although most of the "candles" were actually matches or lighters). The recording became a hit in Europe, Australia, Canada, and the United States in 1970. The B-side of the single featured Melanie's spoken-word track "Candles in the Rain". "Lay Down" became Melanie's first Top Ten hit in America, peaking at Number 6 on the Billboard singles chart and achieving worldwide success. Later hits included "Peace Will Come (According To Plan)" and a cover of the Rolling Stones' "Ruby Tuesday".
In 1970, Melanie was the only artist to brave the court injunction banning the Powder Ridge Rock Festival, playing for the crowd on a homemade stage powered by Mister Softee trucks. Shortly following this performance, she played at the Strawberry Fields Festival, held from August 7 to 9, 1970, at Mosport Park, Ontario. She also performed at the Isle of Wight Festival in 1970 where she was introduced by Keith Moon and received four standing ovations (she also appeared 40 years later at the 2010 Isle of Wight festival). She was also the artist who sang to herald in the summer solstice at Glastonbury Fayre (later the Glastonbury Festival) in England in June 1971. She performed again at Glastonbury in 2011, the fortieth anniversary of the original festival.
Melanie married Peter Schekeryk around 1970 and they had three children. Melanie left Buddah Records when they insisted that she produce albums on demand. In 1971 she formed her own label, Neighborhood Records, with Schekeryk, who was also her producer.
Melanie had her biggest American hit on the Neighborhood label: the novelty-sounding 1972 number one "Brand New Key" (often referred to as "The Roller Skate Song"). "Brand New Key" sold over three million copies worldwide and was featured in the 1997 movie Boogie Nights.
When first released, "Brand New Key" was banned by some radio stations because some saw sexual innuendo in the lyrics:
- I got a brand new pair of roller skates,
- You got a brand new key.
- I think that we should get together and try them out, to see...
- I been looking around awhile,
- You got something for me
- Oh! I got a brand new pair of roller skates,
- You got a brand new key.
- I ride my bike, I roller skate, don't drive no car,
- Don't go too fast, but I go pretty far.
- For somebody who don't drive
- I been all around the world
- Some people say I've done alright for a girl...
The follow-up single to "Brand New Key" was "Ring the Living Bell". To compete with this release, Melanie's former record company released "The Nickel Song", which she had recorded while still signed to Buddah Records. Both songs were simultaneous Top 40 hits while "Brand New Key" was still on the charts — setting a record for the first female performer to have three Top 40 hits concurrently. Melanie was awarded Billboard's #1 Top Female Vocalist award for 1972.
Melanie has been awarded two gold albums (and a gold single for "Brand New Key") and three of her compositions were hits for The New Seekers. She is also well known for her musical adaptations of children's songs, including "Alexander Beetle" and "Christopher Robin".
When she became an official UNICEF ambassador in 1972, she agreed to forgo a world tour in favor of raising money for the organization.
Melanie had another Top 40 hit single in 1973 with "Bitter Bad", a song that marked a slight departure from the hippie sentiments of earlier hits (with lyrics such as "If you do me wrong I'll put your first and last name in my rock n' roll song"). Other chart hits during this period were the self-penned "Together Alone" and a cover of "Will You Love Me Tomorrow".
In 1973, Melanie started to retreat from the spotlight to begin a family. Her daughter Leilah was born that same year.
Later career 
In 1976, Melanie released one album on Atlantic Records, Photograph, which was overseen by Ahmet Ertegün. The album was praised by the New York Times as one of the year's best, although it was largely ignored by the public. It was re-issued on CD in 2005 with an additional disc of unreleased material.
In the 1980s, the Quaker Oats Company used a version of "What Have They Done To My Song Ma" in their commercials for Instant Oatmeal with the revised lyrics "Look what they've done to my oatmeal".
In 1983, she wrote the music and lyrics for a theatrical musical, Ace of Diamonds, with a book by Ed Kelleher and Seymour Vall, based on a series of letters written by Annie Oakley. Though never fully produced, several staged readings were performed at Lincoln Center starring Melanie as the narrator and pop singer and actress Annie Golden as Oakley.
With one exception her albums were produced by her husband, Peter Schekeryk, who died suddenly in 2010. Her three children — Leilah, Jeordie and Beau-Jarred — are also musicians. Beau-Jarred is a guitarist and accompanies his mother on tour.
One of Melanie's most recent albums, Paled By Dimmer Light (2004) was co-produced by Peter and Beau-Jarred Schekeryk and includes the songs "To Be The One", "Extraordinary", "Make It Work" and "I Tried To Die Young". In early 2005 most of Melanie's back-catalogue was re-released on the internet-only music label ItsAboutMusic.com. After a series of disagreements the relationship between the artist and the label was severed.
In 2007, Melanie was invited by Jarvis Cocker to perform at the Meltdown Festival at the Royal Festival Hall in London. Her sold-out performance received critical acclaim with The Independent claiming "it was hard to disagree that Melanie has earned her place alongside Joan Baez, Judy Collins, Joni Mitchell and Marianne Faithfull in the pantheon of iconic female singers. Meltdown was all the better for her presence". The concert was filmed for a DVD titled Melanie: For One Night Only which was released in October 2007.
Melanie also recorded a song called "Psychotherapy", sung to the tune of the "Battle Hymn of the Republic", which parodies aspects of Freudian psychoanalysis. It has been played on The Dr. Demento Show.
In 2012, Melanie headlined at the 15th annual Woody Guthrie Folk Festival, along with Arlo Guthrie and Judy Collins. The festival is held annually in mid-July to celebrate the life and music of legendary singer-songwriter and folk musician, Woody Guthrie.
In October 2012, Melanie collaborated with John Haldoupis, the artistic and managing director of Blackfriars Theatre in Rochester, New York, to create an original musical about her love story with her late husband, Peter. Melanie and the Record Man made its world premiere on October 19 with performances scheduled until October 28. The musical, conceived and designed by Haldoupis, features the music of Melanie and tells the story of her Peter meeting, falling in love, and working together to produce her music. Melanie performs during the musical and was also the narrator. Her son, Beau Jarred, was the musical director and also performed. Mandy Hassett, of New York City, played the younger Melanie and Nick Faruch played Peter.
Melanie identifies herself politically as a Libertarian, stating: "I'm a total Libertarian, and I am not a Democrat, a Socialist, or a Republican." For a time, at the beginning of her career, Melanie was a follower of Meher Baba and this influenced some of her songs (such as "Love to Lose Again" and "Candles in the Rain"). Over time she became disenchanted with other followers and then disassociated herself from Meher Baba. In 2006 she underwent a life-altering experience with Mata Amritanandamayi or Amma (Mother) as she is also known, or as the "hugging saint" from India, which inspired Melanie to write "Motherhood Of Love", one of her more recent songs.
Cover versions 
Many notable artists have covered Melanie's compositions:
- "Lay Down"
In 1971, Mott the Hoople released a version of this song on their Wildlife album. Vicky Leandros recorded a Greek version in 1972. In 1994, Philadelphia indie rock band the Strapping Fieldhands recorded a 3-track no-fi version of the song (as well as a reprise that closes the album) for its EP "In The Pineys". Australian singer Max Sharam's 1995 recording reached the Top 40 on the Australian singles charts. In 1999, Meredith Brooks' release included backing vocals by Queen Latifah.
- "Brand New Key"
In 1976, Scrumpy and Western band the Wurzels covered "Brand New Key" with substantially rewritten lyrics as "The Combine Harvester". It reached number one on the UK Singles Chart and stayed there for two weeks. Macy Gray, Dolly Parton and Cher have all performed "Brand New Key" in concert (the last on The Sonny and Cher Show). Country singer Deana Carter covered the song on her 1999 Top 10 album Everything's Gonna Be Alright. The cellist band Rasputina had a version on the album Thanks for the Ether. A female-fronted punk trio, the Dollyrots, included a version on their album Because I'm Awesome. The 2006 American Idol runner-up, Katharine McPhee, covered the song as the bonus track on her 2010 album Unbroken. Olivia Newton-John covered the song on the soundtrack album for the film A Few Best Men in 2012. Jessica Frech covered the song on her 2012 album Reality. The New York-based singer Jaymay covered the song in 2013. In 2013, the a cover of the song by The Voice contestant Kaity Dunstan hit #40 on the Australian ARIA Charts.
- "What Have They Done to My Song Ma"
Daliah Lavi recorded a successful German version of the song in 1971 and Ray Charles released a cover (as "Look What They've Done To My Song, Ma") in 1972. The song has also been covered by Nina Simone and Billie Jo Spears. Yugoslav rock band Bajaga i Instruktori released a cover of it with lyrics in Serbian, called "Vidi šta sam ti uradio od pesme, mama" in 1985.
It was rewritten for a commercial for General Mills Raisin Crisp Oatmeal in the 1980s with the words "Look what they've done to my oatmeal".
In October 2012 the actress and singer Miley Cyrus, known for appearing as Hannah Montana, released a video of her own acoustic version of the song.
- "Beautiful People"
The Dutch singer Mathilde Santing had a gold record and the first Top 10 hit version of "Beautiful People" in 1997. Die Goldenen Zitronen covered the song on their 2009 album Die Entstehung der Nacht. Sandra Bernhard covered the song on her live album I Love Being Me, Don't You?
- "I Really Loved Harold"
Emiliana Torrini covered "I Really Loved Harold" on her 1996 album Merman. She has also recorded a version of "Lay Down".
- Other songs
The New Seekers covered several Melanie songs, and also charted in the United States with "Beautiful People" (No. 67), "Look What They've Done To My Song Ma" (No. 14) and "Nickel Song" (No. 81). Dion covered "Close To It All" on his 1971 album, You're Not Alone. Roger Kellaway covered "Centre of the Circle" on the 1972 album of the same name. An 11 year old Björk sang "Christopher Robin" in Icelandic on her debut album, Björk. The 2003 Australian hip-hop track "The Nosebleed Section" by the Hilltop Hoods sampled "People In The Front Row"; another hip-hop track, an instrumental titled "Crasy Sound", was released in 2008 by Danny! and samples "Summer Weaving". Kiki & Herb opened their Carnegie Hall concert with "Close To It All" (available on CD as Kiki & Herb Will Die For You).
Will Oldham and Tortoise covered "(Some Say) I Got Devil" on their 2006 covers album The Brave and the Bold. Cissy Houston has recorded Melanie's "Any Guy". Alison Moyet performed "Momma, Momma" on her live DVD One Blue Voice and as the b-side to her 2007 single "One More Time".
- Born to Be (aka My First Album), November 1968
- Affectionately Melanie (aka Melanie), December 1969 (US # 196)
- Candles in the Rain with Edwin Hawkins, September 1970 (US #17 - Gold record, UK #5, Australia #2, Canada #5, Norway #20, Germany #16)
- Leftover Wine, November 1970 (US #33, UK #22, Australia #8, Canada #22, Germany #31)
- R.P.M. (Revolutions Per Minute) (film soundtrack), 1970 (US #148)
- The Good Book, May 1971 (US #80, UK #9, Australia #29, Canada #26, Norway #20, Germany #29)
- All the Right Noises (film soundtrack), August 1971
- Gather Me, December 1971 (US #15 - Gold record, UK #14, Australia #9, Canada #14, Norway #25)
- Garden in the City, 1972 (US #115, UK #19, Australia #38)
- The Four Sides of Melanie*, 1972 (US #103, UK #23)
- Stoneground Words, November 1972 (US #70, Australia #69, Canada #34)
- Melanie at Carnegie Hall, 1973 (US #109)
- Please Love Me*, 1973 (US)
- Madrugada, May 1974 (US #192)
- As I See It Now, February 1975 (US #208)
- Sunset and Other Beginnings, October 1975
- Photograph, 1976 (Australia #84) (re-issued on CD as Photograph (Double Exposure) in 2005)
- Phonogenic - Not Just Another Pretty Face, September 1978
- Ballroom Streets, August 1979 (US #207)
- Arabesque, August 1982
- Seventh Wave, September 1983
- Am I Real or What, 1985
- Cowabonga - Never Turn Your Back on a Wave, April 1988
- Precious Cargo, 1991
- Silence Is King, February 1993
- Freedom Knows My Name, 1993 (US)
- Old Bitch Warrior, February 1996
- Recorded Live @ Borders, 1999
- These Nights, 2001
- Victim of the Moon 2002
- Crazy Love, 2002
- Moments from My Life, 2003
- Paled By Dimmer Light, 2004
- Ever Since You Never Heard of Me, 2010
(Albums marked with an asterisk are compilations)
|1970||"Lay Down (Candles in the Rain)"||6||3||-||-||2||1||1||-||-||4||1||-||-|
|1970||"Peace Will Come (According to Plan)"||32||20||-||-||43||15||-||-||-||-||6||-||47|
|1970||"Stop! I Don't Wanna Hear It Anymore"||112||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||10||-||43|
|1971||"What Have They Done to My Song Ma"||-||-||-||39||-||-||-||-||-||17||-||6||-|
|1971||"The Good Book"||-||78||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1971||"Brand New Key"||1||1||5||4||1||1||23||8||1||-||9||-||23|
|1972||"Ring the Living Bell"||31||21||18||-||74||24||41||-||-||-||-||-||41|
|1972||"The Nickel Song"||35||25||30||-||74||27||43||-||-||-||-||-||23|
|1972||"Someday I'll Be a Farmer"||106||79||-||-||95||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1973||"Do You Believe"||115||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1974||"Will You Love Me Tomorrow"||82||54||42||37||93||90||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1981||"One More Try"||110||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1983||"Every Breath of the Way"||-||-||-||70||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
Other credits 
- Lyrics for the theme song of the Beauty and the Beast television series.
- Recorded "I've Got New York" on The 6ths' Hyacinths and Thistles, 2000
Melanie: The First Lady of Woodstock (2011); a biography by John Lambo
- Strong, Martin C. (2000). The Great Rock Discography (5th ed.). Edinburgh: Mojo Books. pp. 635–637. ISBN 1-84195-017-3.
- ""Brand New Key" - Melanie". Superseventies.com. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
- ""Lay Down (Candles In The Rain)" - Melanie". Superseventies.com. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
- Spelling, Ian. [http://www.northjersey.com/page.php?qstr=eXJpcnk3ZjczN2Y3dnFlZUVFeXkxNjcmZmdiZWw3Zjd2cWVlRUV5eTcyMDYxMDImeXJpcnk3ZjcxN2Y3dnFlZUVFeXk3 "Melanie's new songs lend their vigor to her old hits", North Jersey Entertainment Newspaper, October 12, 2007. Accessed December 20, 2007.
- Interview with Kathie Lee, 1985, accessed 5 September 2011.
- Uncut, July 2011
- "Ace of Diamonds"
- Melanie, quoted in Uncut, July 2011
- Arts.independent.co.uk music review by Pierre Perrone, 19 June 2007, accessed 2 November 2012.
- "Melanie - Libertarian". Advocates for Self-Government. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- Up for Discussion (2012-03-20). "Chart Beat Meet & Greet: Jessica Frech (Exclusive Video) - Chart Beat". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
- YouTube (2013-01-18). "Jaymay Singin Melanie's Brand New Key In A Bathrobe".
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 359. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
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