The Melbourne–Adelaide railway is a standard gauge railway corridor that runs between the cities of Melbourne, Victoria and Adelaide, South Australia. Most of the current traffic is freight, though the only named and perhaps best known regular train is the twice-weekly passenger service The Overland operated by Great Southern Railways
In the second half of the nineteenth century the Victorian Railways and South Australian Railways broad gauge networks were extended. The South Australian main line, the Adelaide-Wolseley railway was connected to the Victorian system at Serviceton in 1887. This was the first single gauge inter-colonial link in Australia.
Conversion to standard gauge and rerouting
In 1995 the line was converted to standard gauge under the One Nation program and rerouted between Melbourne and Ararat in Victoria to run on the line via North Shore and Cressy.
Track and gauge
The line is single track the entire route with the exception of a short dual gauge section near Melbourne and a number of 1,500–1,600 m (4,900–5,200 ft) passing loops every 15–45 km (9.3–28.0 mi).
Some branches have also been converted to standard gauge.
- Avery, Rod (2006). Freight Across the Nation: The Australian Superfreighter Experience. Brisbane: Copyright Publishing Co. ISBN 1876344474.