Melbourne tram classification

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Melbourne's tram classification system is based on classes originally devised by the Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board.[1]:8 At first this was based on the order in which the original tramways companies had purchased the different types of tram between 1910 and 1921.[1]:8

The classification system was simplified in 1928.[1]:8 All the drop end combination trams: B, H, J, M and S classes were added to A class. The straight sill combination classes F, K, Q, and R, were added to G class. Maximum traction bogie combination classes D, E, N, and P, were added to C class. Sometimes variations on a design were given extra letters or numerals. For example W class trams classified as W3 or CW5. Over the years many of the trams were modified and then reclassified. For example all the W class trams were converted to W2 class between 1928 and 1933.[1]:23

Individual trams were also numbered by the tramways companies. In 1924 the MMTB unified the numbering across the fleet.[1]:8 With the introduction of Z class trams, the MMTB started a new numbering system.[1]:8 Tramways in Ballarat, Bendigo, Geelong, Sorrento and the Victorian Railways had their own tram numbering systems. Trams which were moved between the systems were renumbered.

There were also a large number of non-passenger trams, such as rail grinders, breakdown cars and freight cars which were not included in the classification system.

Classes[edit]

M&MTB Tram Classification and Number
Image Class Description Fleet numbers
Image needed A class Single truck, drop end, open California combination, built by Duncan and Fraser (1910-1911) for PMTT[1]:49 1-20
Image needed B class Single truck, drop end, open California combination, built by Moore (1917-1918) for PMTT[1]:50 21-24, 84-91
C class C class Maximum traction, bogie, drop end and centre combination, built by Duncan and Fraser (1913) for PMTT[1]:51 25-35
Image needed D class Maximum traction, bogie, drop end and centre combination, built by Duncan and Fraser (1914) for PMTT[1]:51 36
E class E class Maximum traction, bogie, drop end and centre combination, built by Duncan and Fraser (1914) for PMTT[1]:52 36-45
Image needed F class Single truck, straight sill, clerestory-roofed, single aisle summer car, built by Duncan and Fraser (1912) for PMTT[1]:52 46-47
Image needed G class Single truck, straight sill, single aisle summer car, built by Duncan and Fraser (1913) for PMTT[1]:53 48-53
H class H class Single truck, drop end, open California combination, built by Duncan and Fraser (1913) for PMTT[1]:54 54-63
J class J class Single truck, drop end, open California combination, built by Meadowbank (1915) for PMTT[1]:54 64-83
Image needed K class Single truck, drop end, open California combination, built by Moore (1919-1920) for PMTT[1]:55 92-100
Image needed L class Bogie combination, built by Moore (1921) for PMTT[1]:56 101-106
M class M class Single truck, drop end, open California combination, built by Duncan and Fraser (1917) for HTT and FTT[1]:58 107-116, 183-189
Image needed N class Maximum traction, bogie, drop end and centre combination, built by Duncan and Fraser (1916) for HTT[1]:59 117-126
Image needed O class Maximum traction, bogie, straight sill, combination with one drop end, built by Duncan and Fraser (1912) for PMTT[1]:60 127-130
P class P class Maximum traction, bogie, drop end and centre combination, built by Duncan and Fraser (1917–18) for HTT[1]:61 131-138
Image needed Q class Single truck, straight sill, closed combination, built by MMTB (1922-1923)[1]:62 139-150, 190-201
Image needed R class Single truck, straight sill, closed combination, built by Moore (1920) for FNPTT[1]:63 151-153
Image needed R class Single truck, straight sill, closed combination, built by MMTB (1920)[1]:63 172-176
Image needed S class Single truck, drop end, open California combination built by Duncan and Fraser (1916-1922) for MBCTT and MMTB[1]:64 154-171
Image needed T class Single truck, drop end, open combination with long saloon, built by Duncan and Fraser (1917) for MBCTT[1]:65 177-182
U class U class Single truck, saloon, built by Duncan and Fraser (1906) for NMETL[1]:66 202-211
Image needed V class Single truck, open cross bench, built by Duncan and Fraser (1906) for NMETL[1]:67 212-216
W class W class Bogie drop centre combination, built 1923-1927 by Holden, Moore and MMTB[1]:23:112 219-418
Image needed W1 class Bogie drop centre combination, built by MMTB (1925-1928)[1]:25 419-438, 470-479
Image needed W2 class Bogie drop centre combination, built by MMTB and Moore (1927–31)[1]:26 439-458, 480-609, 624-653
W3 class W3 class Bogie drop centre combination, built MMTB (1930-1934)[1]:32 654-669
W4 class W4 class Bogie drop centre combination, built MMTB (1933-1935) 670-674
Image needed CW5 class Maximum traction, bogie, drop centre combination, built MMTB (1934-1935)[1]:38 681-685
W5 class W5 class Bogie, drop centre combination, built by MMTB (1935-1939)[1]:35 720-839
Image needed SW2 class Bogie drop centre saloon, built by MMTB (1938, 1953, 1955)[1]:37 275, 426, 432, 436, 478, 644
SW6 class SW6 class Bogie drop centre saloon, built by MMTB (1939-1951)[1]:40 850-969
Image needed PCC class Two door bogie saloon, built by MMTB (1950)[1]:42 980
W6 class W6 class Bogie, drop centre saloon, built by MMTB (1951-1955)[1]:43 970-979, 981-1000
W7 class W7 class Two door bogie saloon, built by MMTB (1955-1956)[1]:42 1001-1040
Image needed W8 class Bogie drop centre saloon, converted from SW6 trams 922 (1993), 946 (2012) and 959 (2013) 1101, 946, 959
X class X class Single truck saloon safety car, built by Brill and St.Louis Car Co.(1923)[1]:22 217-218
Image needed Y class Bogie saloon, built by MMTB (1927)[1]:29 469
Image needed X1 class Single truck saloon, built by MMTB (1926-1928)[1]:28 459-468
Image needed Y class Bogie saloon, built by MMTB (1927)[1]:29 469
Image needed X2 class Single truck saloon, built by MMTB (1930)[1]:30 674 (later 680), 675-679
Image needed Y1 class Bogie saloon, built by MMTB (1930)[1]:31 610-613
Z1 class Z1 class Two door bogie saloon, built by Comeng (1974-1978)[1]:13 1-100
Z2 class Z2 class Two door bogie saloon, built by Comeng (1978-1979)[1]:13 101-115
Z3 class Z3 class Three door bogie saloon, built by Comeng (1979-1984)[1]:16 116-230
A1 class A1 class Three door bogie saloon, built by Comeng (1983-1985) 231-258
A2 class A2 class Three door bogie saloon, built by Comeng (1985-1987) 259-300
B1 class B1 class Articulated saloon, built by Comeng (1984-1985)[1]:19 2001-2002
B2 class B2 class Articulated saloon, built by Comeng (1987-1994) 2003-2132
C1 class C1 class Three-section articulated saloon, low floor Citadis 202 tram, built by Alstom(2001-2002) 3001-3036
C2 class C2 class Five-section articulated saloon, low floor, Citadis 302 trams built by Alstom (2008)[2] 5103, 5106, 5111, 5113, 5123
D1 class D1 class Three section, low floor Combino trams, made by Siemens (2002-2003)[3] 3501–3538
D2 class D2 class Five section, low floor Combino trams, made by Siemens (2003–2004)[4] 5001–5021
E class E class Three-section, four-bogie articulated trams built by Bombardier Transportation (2013-)[5] 6001–6050

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw Cross, Norman (2001). Destination City. Sydney: Transit Australia. ISBN 0 909459 17 7. 
  2. ^ "C2 Class, VICSIG - Trams". vicsig.net. 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "D1 class, VICSIG - Trams". vicsig.net. 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "D2 class, VICSIG - Trams". vicsig.net. 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "E class, VICSIG - Trams". vicsig.net. 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2013.