Melbourne tram route 3
|Melbourne University - East Malvern|
Melbourne CBD (Swanston St)
St Kilda East
|Length||3: 14.9 km (9.3 mi)
3a: 16.3 km (10.1 mi)
|Annual patronage||5.5 million|
|Timetable||Route 3/3a timetable|
|Map||Route 3/3a map|
On weekends route 3 operates as route 3a and diverts via St Kilda.
The origins of route 3 lie in separate tram lines, an electric line from Melbourne University to Queensberry Street, a cable tram from Queensberry Street to Milton Street and an electric line from Acland Street to Darling Road.
Cable trams first travelled from Queensberry Street, Carlton to Milton Street, Balaclava (just south of Carlisle Street), on 11 October 1888, with the line opened by the Melbourne Tramway and Omnibus Company.
The Prahran and Malvern Tramways Trust opened a line from Alcand Street, St Kilda to Hawthorn Road, Caulfield North along Carlisle Street/Balaclava Road on 12 April 1913. This line was extended east by the Prahran & Malvern Tramways Trust from Hawthorn Road to Darling Road, Malvern East on 13 November 1913.
The Melbourne, Brunswick and Coburg Tramways Trust opened its line from Park Street, North Carlton to Queensberry Street, Carlton along Lygon Street, Elgin Street and Madeline Street - as the section of Swanston Street north of Victoria Street was originally known - on 31 October 1916.
The Melbourne & Metropolitan Tramways Board converted the Swanston Street/St Kilda Road cable line to electric traction between 1924 and 1926, with electric trams able to run the entire length on 29 August 1926.
Large sections of these lines make up what is today's route 3.
On 31 January 2009, route 3 was altered on the weekends to form route 3a, diverting from the regular route at St Kilda Junction and travelling via Fitzroy Street, The Esplanade and Carlisle Street to rejoin the regular route at the corner of St Kilda Road and Carlisle Street.
Route 3 operates from Melbourne University travelling south via Swanston Street, through the CBD, passing Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Melbourne Central station, State Library of Victoria, Melbourne Town Hall, City Square, St Paul's Cathedral, Flinders Street station, Federation Square and Birrarung Marr.
Crossing the Yarra River onto the Southbank, it continues along St Kilda Road, passing The Arts Centre, National Gallery of Victoria, Victoria Barracks and the Shrine of Remembrance. Passing through St Kilda Junction, it continues south via St Kilda Road, turning east into Carlisle Street, Balaclava travelling through St Kilda East, where Carlisle Street becomes Balaclava Road, continuing east travelling through Caulfield North. At Caulfield it briefly travels on Normanby Road, Sir John Monash Drive and Dandenong Road, passing Caulfield station, and continues east into Waverley Road, Malvern East, terminating at Darling Road, Malvern East.
Route 3a Weekend Variation
On the weekends route 3 runs as route 3a, diverting from the regular route at St Kilda Junction and traveling via St Kilda on Fitzroy Street, The Esplanade and Carlisle Street, passing Luna Park and St Kilda Beach rejoining the regular route at the corner of St Kilda Road and Carlisle Street.
Not all stops are shown, refer to timetable for full list of stops
- Facts & figures Yarra Trams
- Routes 3/3a Yarra Trams
- "Melbourne Tramway and Omnibus Company Limited", TMSV Running Journal Vol 9 No 3, page 16, retrieved 2011-10-16
- "Milestones, 1911 - 1920", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-09-27
- "Milestones, 1921 - 1930", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-09-27
- "Changes to your tram service during the Commonwealth Games - March 2006", Yarra Trams
- "Your new weekend tram service to St Kilda - Route 3a", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-09-27
- Media related to Melbourne tram route 3 at Wikimedia Commons
- Media related to Melbourne tram route 3a at Wikimedia Commons
- Route 3/3a map
- Route 3/3a timetable