Melbourne tram route 5
|Melbourne University - Malvern|
|System||Melbourne tramway network|
|Vehicle||Z class, D1 class|
Melbourne CBD (Swanston St)
|Length||12.6 km (7.8 mi)|
|Zone(s)||Zone 1 for the entire route|
|Annual patronage||4.1 million|
|Timetable||Route 5 timetable|
|Map||Route 5 map|
Tram route 5 is a public transport service in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. It runs from the University of Melbourne north of the city centre to Malvern East in the eastern suburbs. The destination is, however, displayed as Malvern, although the route technically ends within Malvern East. This is to avoid confusion with route 3 which also terminates in Malvern East.
The origins of route 5 lie in separate tram lines, namely an electric line from Melbourne University to Queensberry Street, a cable tram from Queensberry Street to St Kilda Junction and a number of electric lines from St Kilda Junction to Burke Road.
Cable trams first travelled from Queensberry Street, Carlton to Milton Street, Balaclava (just south of Carlisle Street), on 11 October 1888, with the line opened by the Melbourne Tramway and Omnibus Company.
The Prahran and Malvern Tramways Trust opened a line from Glenferrie Road, Malvern to Burke Road, Malvern East along Wattletree Road on 30 May 1910. A line was built by the Prahran and Malvern Tramways Trust, between Wattletree Road and the Sandringham railway line in Windsor along Glenferrie Road and Dandenong Road, opening on 16 December 1911. The Prahran and Malvern Tramways Trust extended the Dandenong line a short distance from the Sandringham railway line to Chapel Street on 31 March 1912.
The Melbourne, Brunswick and Coburg Tramways Trust opened its line from Park Street, North Carlton to Queensberry Street, Carlton along Lygon Street, Elgin Street and Madeline Street - as the section of Swanston Street north of Victoria Street was originally known - on 31 October 1916.
On 27 December 1925 the Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board converted a small section of cable tram track along Wellington Street to electric traction, connecting the Dandenong Road line to St Kilda Junction. Another small section of track along Wattletree Road from Denbigh Road/Dandenong Road to Glenferrie Road was opened by the Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board on 24 June 1928, giving a more direct route from Burke Road to St Kilda Junction.
The Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board converted the Swanston Street/St Kilda Road cable line to electric traction between 1924 and 1926, with electric trams able to run to St Kilda Junction on 28 March 1926 and able to travel the entire length on 29 August 1926.
As part of the St Kilda Junction separation works the Wellington Street section was abandoned for a new section of track along the newly created Queens Way on 4 November 1968.
Large sections of these lines make up what is today's route 5.
During the Melbourne 2006 Commonwealth Games the route was merged with route 55 West Coburg at Domain Interchange, to alleviate congestion along St Kilda Road. The temporary through routing was useful in helping daily commuters utilise other connection train stations at the city's west end. At Domain Interchange, a junction was instated. This set of switches was disabled after the demerger, until the reconstruction of the Domain Interchange stop in 2013 completely demolished all track work and switches, introducing new possibilities in direction north down St Kilda Road, as well as turning north from Domain Road and continuing either to the city or left into Park Street. This is to allow for possible mooted changes to routing that are currently before the state government, as well as allowing flexibility for diversions etc.
Route 5 runs from Melbourne University travelling south on Swanston Street, through the CBD, passing Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Melbourne Central railway station, State Library of Victoria, Melbourne Town Hall, City Square, St Paul's Cathedral, Flinders Street railway station, Federation Square and Birrarung Marr.
Crossing the Yarra River into Southbank along St Kilda Road, traversing the suburbs of Melbourne and South Melbourne, Victoria, it passes The Arts Centre, National Gallery of Victoria, Victoria Barracks and Shrine of Remembrance.
At St Kilda Junction, St Kilda it descends to Queens Way, Windsor and heads east, at Chapel St Queens Way becomes Dandenong Road. It continues east passing through the suburbs of Prahran and Armadale, it continues east along Wattletree Road passing though Malvern and Malvern East to its terminus at Burke Road.
Not all stops are shown, refer to timetable for full list of stops.
- "Route 5", Yarra Trams, retrieved 11 June 2013
- "Facts & figures". Yarra Trams. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- "Melbourne Tramway and Omnibus Company Limited", TMSV Running Journal Vol 9 No 3, page 16, retrieved 2011-10-16
- "Milestones, 1901 - 1910", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-09-29
- "Milestones, 1911 - 1920", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-09-29
- "Milestones, 1921 - 1930", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-09-29
- "Milestones, 1961 - 1970", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-09-29
- "Changes to your tram service during the Commonwealth Games - March 2006", Yarra Trams, retrieved 2011-09-27
- "Malvern Depot", VICSIG, retrieved 2011-09-26
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Melbourne tram route 5.|