Melchor Ocampo, State of Mexico

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Melchor Ocampo
Municipality and town
Flag of Melchor Ocampo
Flag
Melchor Ocampo is located in Mexico
Melchor Ocampo
Melchor Ocampo
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 19°42′30″N 99°8′40″W / 19.70833°N 99.14444°W / 19.70833; -99.14444Coordinates: 19°42′30″N 99°8′40″W / 19.70833°N 99.14444°W / 19.70833; -99.14444
Country  Mexico
State Mexico (state)
Area
 • Total 32.48 km2 (12.54 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 37,706
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)

Melchor Ocampo is a town and municipality in State of Mexico, Mexico. The municipality covers an area of 32.48 km².

As of 2005, the municipality had a total population of 37,706.[1]

Name[edit]

From its founding until 1894, the municipality was known as Tlacomulco and then San Miguel Tlaxomulco; the latter portion comes from the Nahuatl words tlalli (earth); xomolli (corner or small place) and co of coztic (in), that is to say, "In some corner of the earth" or "a little corner of ground".

In 1894, the legislature of the State of Mexico decreed that the place would be called "Ocampo". [2] Currently it is known as Melchor Ocampo in honor of the deceased reformist politician and philosopher of that name.

Year Event
1435 Return of the Xaltomecas and possible establishment of Tlacomulco.
1821 Establishment of the municipality of Tultepec, May 3rd. Included San Miguel, Visitación and Tenopalco, among others.
1854 Establishment of the municipality of San Miguel Tlaxomulco, October 24th. Included Visitación and Tenopalco.
1894 Change name to Ocampo, October 12th.
1899 Combined with Tultepec again.
1917 Melchor Ocampo established by act of the State Legislature of Mexico State, November 27th.

The symbol on the town flag (an "L" with the top ending in a fluer-de-lis, with a rectangle leaning against its inside) is intended to represent the Náhuatl form of the town's old name.

Origin and Conquest[edit]

While the general area between Cuautitlán, Zumpango and Tepotzotlán was probably under human influence from the Toltec period at the latest, and perhaps as early as 2500 B.C., there is no record of a settlement at the exact site of the current municipality until after the Spanish conquest. In 1519 the area was under the tlatoani of Cuautitlán ("Guautitlan" in contemporary records). In 1521 it came under Spanish rule, when Cortez's forces "occupied it without resistance".[3]

After the conquest, the town of Cuautitlán and everything that pertained to it, including Tlaxomulco, was given as an encomienda to Alonso de Ávila, one of Cortez's captains.

Culture[edit]

The most notable monument in the municipality is the principal church, dedicated to the Archangel Michael (San Miguel). It is built of black volcanic rock (tezontle) and has a façade in baroque style. It was built in the seventeenth century.

Population History[edit]

Year Total Indigenous Births in Period Deaths in Period Comments
2005 37706 290 - - "II Conteo de Población y Vivienda"
2000 37724 - - - General Census; 49% male
1995 33456
1991–1995 - - 750/year 130/year -
1990 26154 372 - - Of which: 154 otomí, 75 náhuatl, 36 mazateco.
1980-1990 - - 570/year -
1980 17990
1930 4124 [4] - - - Of which: 2254 in the Melchor Ocampo peublo, 1016 in Visitación, 844 in Tenopalco

External Links[edit]

Municipal Government webpage

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Melchor Ocampo". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved June 6, 2009. [dead link]
  2. ^ "H. AYUNTAMIENTO DE MELCHOR OCAMPO" (in Spanish). Retrieved 19 October 2012. 
  3. ^ Gerhard, Peter (1972). A Guide to the Historical Geography of New Spain. Cambridge U P. p. 127. ISBN 0 521 08073 8. 
  4. ^ "Mélchor Ocampo". Mexico Census, 1930. Retrieved 3 January 2013.