Melchor de Mencos
Melchor de Mencos is a municipality in the Petén department of Guatemala with population 23,813. It is situated on the western border with Belize, and is the only major border crossing from Guatemala to Belize.
The city was established in April of 1960. It is named after Sergeant Major Melchor de Mencos y Varón, who in 1754 journeyed with a tiny contingent of Spanish colonial troops from what is now Antigua, Guatemala to the coast of present-day Belize, there to combat English "pirates" who had settled that region and established a self-governing community.
Large numbers of its young people attend secondary school across the border in Belize, seeking the competitive benefits of English-language fluency. They can be seen when dropped off on weekday mornings at the Guatemalan end of the pedestrian border crossing, walking through, and boarding the same school buses at the Belizian end, from there to be transported onward to their secondary schools in Benque Viejo del Carmen, Melchor's twin city across the border in Belize, or further afield.
Tensions along the border heightened in the autumn of 2014, following the shooting (presumably by a Guatemalan engaged in illegal exploitation of Belizean timber or other resources) at a major archaeological site in the Cayo District. This led Belizean schoolchildren in Benque's schools to shun their Guatemalan classmates.http://www.ctv3belizenews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=5371:students-affected-by-belizeguatemala-territorial-dispute-&catid=46:featured-news&Itemid=102
Prior to their relocation in 1989, Melchor de Mencos was home to the two training centres of the Guatemalan Army's elite Kaibiles special operations force. The Guatemalan army still maintains a major unit encamped literally adjacent to the border in Melchor.
- es:Melchor de Mencos
- News 7 Belize reported on October 22, 2014 that four buses daily serve just Melchor's primary school students who attend school in Belize, and that the operator of two of these buses stated that he transports 250 students daily.
- Muñoz Cosme 2006, p.340.
- Muñoz Cosme, Gaspar (2006). "Estructura urbana y arquitectura en La Blanca, Petén." (PDF online publication). XIX Simposio de Investigaciones Arqueológicas en Guatemala, 2005 (edited by J.P. Laporte, B. Arroyo and H. Mejía) (in Spanish). Museo Nacional de Arqueología y Etnología, Guatemala. pp. 340–351. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
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