Meldola

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Meldola
Comune
Comune di Meldola
Coat of arms of Meldola
Coat of arms
Meldola is located in Italy
Meldola
Meldola
Location of Meldola in Italy
Coordinates: 44°08′N 12°03′E / 44.133°N 12.050°E / 44.133; 12.050
Country Italy
Region Emilia-Romagna
Province Forlì-Cesena (FC)
Frazioni San Colombano, Ricò-Gualdo, Teodorano, Piandispino-Valdinoce, Vitignano
Government
 • Mayor Gianluca Zattini
Area
 • Total 78 km2 (30 sq mi)
Elevation 58 m (190 ft)
Population (1 January 2009)
 • Total 10,142
 • Density 130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Demonym Meldolesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 47014
Dialing code 0543
Patron saint St. Nicholas, Beata Vergine del Popolo
Saint day December 6
Website Official website

Meldola is a town and comune near Forlì, in Emilia-Romagna, Italy.

History[edit]

The area of Meldola was inhabited since very ancient times. The Romans built here a large aqueduct (still existing under the ground) which served the military port of Classis. To the 5th-6th century belongs a large patrician villa which is now under the historical centre.

In the Middle Ages a castle was present, the name Meldola first attested around the year 1000. The castle was a possession of the Montefeltro, Ordelaffi, Malatesta, the Borghese Aldobrandini and the Doria Pamphilj. It gained the status of city in 1862, soon after the unification of Italy.

Main sights[edit]

  • Rocca (castle)
  • Castle of Teodorano, outside the city. Of the originary fortified burgh, destroyed by Cesare Borgia, a tower and part of the walls remain.
  • Church of the Madonna del Sasso (1523). It is now home to the Ecology Museum.
  • Churches of San Cosimo and San Nicolò.
  • Ponte dei Veneziani (Venetians' Bridge), a 5-arch bridge dating from the early 16th-century.
  • Scardavilla Wood preserved area
  • Rocca delle Caminate fortress, which was a summer residence of Benito Mussolini

Economy[edit]

In the late 19th century and in the first years of 20th century, Meldola was well known for its production of silk. The main activities include agriculture and the manufacture of furniture. A recently built oncology hospital provides research into cancer and care for cancer patients.

Notable people[edit]

The following notable persons were born in Meldola: the philosopher and theologian Bartolomeo Mastri; the patriot Felice Orsini; the painter Maria Giuditta Versari. Japan football coach Alberto Zaccheroni was also born in Meldola.

References[edit]

  • Lombardi, Fabio (2000). Storia di Meldola. Cesena: Il ponte vecchio. ISBN 88-8312-106-6.