Meldorf

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Meldorf
Coat of arms of Meldorf
Coat of arms
Meldorf   is located in Germany
Meldorf
Meldorf
Coordinates: 54°5′N 9°4′E / 54.083°N 9.067°E / 54.083; 9.067Coordinates: 54°5′N 9°4′E / 54.083°N 9.067°E / 54.083; 9.067
Country Germany
State Schleswig-Holstein
District Dithmarschen
Municipal assoc. Mitteldithmarschen
Government
 • Mayor Anke Cornelius-Heide (Greens)
Area
 • Total 21.25 km2 (8.20 sq mi)
Elevation 4 - 12 m (−35 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 7,223
 • Density 340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 25697–25704
Dialling codes 04832
Vehicle registration HEI
Website www.meldorf.de

Meldorf is a city in western Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, that straddles the Miele river in the district of Dithmarschen.

It was first mentioned in writing before 1250 AD, and it served as the capital of the Dithmarschen, a peasant republic with Allies in the Hanseatic league dating from 1468. The city was sacked in 1500 AD when King John of the Kalmar Union attempted to conquer the republic. His forces were routed by a force with poor arms and inferior numbers in the Battle of Hemmingstedt. In 1559, the republic was conquered, and the city lost its municipal rights, and would not regain them until 1869.

Over time it lost the capitalship to the town of Heide, which developed a larger economy.

Meldorf is the birthplace of mathematician Olaus Henrici, and the seat of the Amt ("collective municipality") Mitteldithmarschen.

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