Melih Gökçek

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This article is about the mayor of Ankara. For the football player named Melih Gökçek, see Sidney Cristiano dos Santos.
İbrahim Melih Gökçek
Ömer Dinçer, Melih Gökçek, Alaaddin Yüksel and officials01.jpg
Mayor of Ankara
Incumbent
Assumed office
27 March 1994
Preceded by Vedat Aydın
Personal details
Born 20 October 1948
Keçiören, Ankara
Nationality Turkish
Political party Justice and Development Party
Alma mater Gazi University
Religion Islam
Website www.melihgokcek.com

İbrahim Melih Gökçek (born 20 October 1948, in Keçiören, Ankara, Turkey) is a Turkish politician who has been the mayor of Ankara since 1994. Between 1991-1994, he was an MP. Gökçek has won municipal elections in 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014.

Background and personal life[edit]

The Gökçek family, originally from Halfeti, moved to Gaziantep for father Ahmet Gökçek's career as a lawyer. Having his primary, secondary and high school education in Gaziantep, Melih Gökçek graduated from Gazi University, College of Journalism, in Ankara. He worked as Parliament Correspondent and newspaper representative. Gökçek completed his military service as a Reserve Officer at Güzelyurt in Northern Cyprus.[1]

He supports Ankaraspor in Ankara. He is the honorary chairman of MKE Ankaragücü. Football and photography are the greatest hobbies of Gökçek, who is married with Nevin Gökçek, and has two sons, Ahmet and Osman.[2] His son Osman Gökçek is the general editorial coordinator of the Turkish TV channel Beyaz TV.[3]

Political career[edit]

After he returned from military service, Gökçek set up a business. Then as a member of the Motherland Party he acted from 1984 to 1989 as the Mayor of Keçiören, a district in Ankara, under the leadership of the Mayor of Ankara Metropolitan Municipality, Mehmet Altinsoy.[1]

The following two years Melih Gökçek ran the Social Services and Child Protection Society as the General Director between the years 1989-1991. In 1991 he entered the parliament as Ankara MP for the Welfare Party. While he was an MP during local elections in 1994, he stood for the Mayor Office of Ankara Metropolitan Municipality and won the election.[1]

He was elected for the same duty again in 1999 as the candidate of the Virtue Party and became the first person to be successively elected as the Mayor of Metropolitan Municipality for two times in the history of Ankara.[1] He then joined the Justice and Development Party and was elected for the same duty for third time in 2004 and even a fourth time in 2009 and thus became the first person to be successively elected as the Mayor of the Metropolitan Municipality for four times in the history of Ankara.[2] Gökçek is also the first mayor in the history of Ankara who was elected four times in a row.[2] Once again Gökçek was nominated by his party the Justice and Development Party as the candidate for the role of mayor of Ankara and won the elections on 30 March 2014 and thus has been elected for the fifth time in a row as the mayor of Ankara.

Achievements and Awards[edit]

Ankara received certain international prizes during his office during Gökçek's administration.

On 10 October 2009 Gökçek received the "Europe Prize", the highest distinction that can be bestowed on a European town for its actions in the European domain by the President of the European Parliament, Luis Marie de Puig, at the European Parliament in Strasbourg.[4] The decision was taken unanimously by the Committee on the Environment, Agriculture and Local and Regional Affairs of the Council of Europe’s Parliamentary Assembly (PACE).[5] “Ankara's modern view deserved the award,” de Puig said during the award ceremony. “This is a historic day,” Gökçek said. “The Council of Europe did not ignore our activities. We have received many national and international awards, but this is the most important so far,” he concluded. Ankara, which was already awarded the "European Flag of Honor" in 2001 and the "European Plaque of Honor in 2003, is the third European city after Vienna and The Hague to get all these awards.[6]

The Greater Municipality of Ankara received three awards for its city projects by the OICC which has four prize categories during an award ceremony held in Doha in May 2010 with the participation of 170 representatives from 54 different countries. It won the first prizes in the “Urban and Regional Planning” as well as the “Landscaping” categories for the “North Ankara Urban Renewal Project” as well as the “Göksu Park” project and the second prize in the “Environment, Conservation and Sustainable Development” category for the “Mogan Park” project.[7]

The municipality of Turkey's capital city Ankara was also presented with the World Water Organization's (WWO) "Best Practice Award" with its "Kızılırmak Rıver Project" on 8 April 2010. WWO presented its "World Water Awards" during a ceremony held at the United Nations (UN) headquarters in New York, USA, on the first day of a two-day international conference on "Water and Global Health". Speaking at the ceremony, WWO's board member Elaine Valdov said that Ankara had experienced a serious water shortage problem from 2007 to 2008, and "Kızılırmak River Rehabilitation Project" had been initiated under the guidance of Ankara Mayor Melih Gökçek to solve the matter. "This water project has been a perfect example that displays the cooperation between public institutions and the private sector," Valdov said.[8]

Greater Ankara Municipality has also won four LivCom awards (The International Awards for Liveable Communities) at the competition during the 2012 Finals held in Al-Ain City (UAE) in collaboration with UNEP (The United Nations Environment Programme) 22–26 November 2012:[9] Project Awards: Community Centres and Public Areas category (Gold) and Built category (Silver) - Criteria Awards: Community Participation and Empowerment category (Gold) and Healthy Lifestyle category (Silver).

The presidency city of the Association of Towns Awarded the Europe Prize has been carried out by Greater Ankara Municipality since 2011. Gökçek has been re-elected unanimously for the Presidency of the Association for the 2013–2015 term on the 3rd May 2013 in Würzburg.[10]

During its 2012 IMA Conference and Impact Awards event held Sept 20-22 at CityCenter in Las Vegas, the Internet Marketing Association (IMA) awarded Gökçek with the award for the "BEST Social Media by a Mayor in the World". The Impact Awards recognize exemplary achievement in all facets of Internet marketing with a wide range of organizations of all sizes and business sectors represented.[11] Melih Gökçek was awarded the same prize during the IMPACT13 Awards (Sept 25-27, 2013 CityCenter, Las Vegas) where also Ankara Municipality was chosen for the "Best Use of Technology By An International Municipality".[12]

Criticism[edit]

In 2003, Gökçek tried to ban the pedestrian crossing in Ankara's busiest crossroads, demanding that pedestrians walk through the underpasses. Activists protested the city center being closed off completely from pedestrians[13][14][15][16] [17] and declared that the mayor unilaterally taking such a decision was against the law. Gökçek announced that he would call for a referendum; a court eventually found the mayor's proposal unlawful on the basis that Gökçek had bused in supporters from Ankara Province's rural areas to vote in favor of his pedestrian ban.[18]

Gökçek also drew criticism after he closed the middle four lanes of a major road to traffic and constructed a recreation complex on them named Gökkuşağı ("Rainbow").[19] Due to its construction in between the city's busiest lanes, the cafes and shops in the complex have never been put in use. The complex cost 3.61 million Turkish liras (approximately 3.11 million dollars at the time) and has been left unused since 2005.[20]

During the 2007 water crisis of Ankara, Gökçek suggested the water be transported from the Kızılırmak river.[21] The Department of Environmental Engineering of Middle East Technical University tested the water and concluded that the samples contained toxins and were not suitable for drinking.[8][22][23] Days after the report, Gökçek's office fined the university 1.8 million liras on charges that have been described as retribution for the report.[24] On 1 June 2012, Gökçek was criticized for commenting “Women kill their babies born out of adultery. Why do babies die because of these so-called mothers? Let mothers kill themselves.” during a television broadcast. [25]

Gökçek is personally active on his Twitter account. During the 2013 protests in Turkey, he was criticized for inflammatory communications.[26] One of his tweets read: "Here is your 'precious' protesters" and contained a link to a video which supposedly showed a policeman being beaten by protesters. The video was found not to be related to the protests. In contrast to Gökçek's claims, interventions by police in Ankara against protesters were particularly violent,[27] resulting in a reprimand from the European Union and international condemnation.[28] Also during the protests, Mellih Gökçek described BBC Turkey reporter Selin Girit as an "English spy", launching a campaign against her on Twitter.[29]

In early July 2014 Gökçek supported the antisemitic tweet made by Turkish singer Yıldız Tilbe: "God bless Hitler, it was even too few what he did to the Jews, he was right" and "The Jews will be destroyed by Muslims, in the name of Allah, not much time left for it be done". Gökçek backed the singer’s Gaza tweets, retweeting most of her comments except the one on Hitler, calling them “full of intelligence.” [30] He also replied to the tweet, saying "I applaud you".[31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Melih Gökçek (1948 - .... )" (in Turkish). kimkimdir.gen.tr. Retrieved 2011-01-15. 
  2. ^ a b c "Melih Gökçek ( 20.10.1948)" (in Turkish). biyografi.net. Retrieved 2011-01-15. 
  3. ^ https://twitter.com/OsmanGokcek_
  4. ^ http://assembly.coe.int/ASP/NewsManager/EMB_NewsManagerView.asp?ID=5001
  5. ^ http://assembly.coe.int/ASP/Press/StopPressView.asp?ID=2169
  6. ^ http://www.todayszaman.com/tz-web/news-189618-ankara-receives-pace-europe-prize.html
  7. ^ http://www.haber2000.com/haberdetay.asp?id=43004
  8. ^ a b http://www.turkishweekly.net/news/101019/world-water-organization-awards-ankara-municipality-39-s-water-project.html
  9. ^ http://www.livcomawards.com/2012-awards/winners.htm
  10. ^ http://www.europeprize.net/
  11. ^ http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/2012-impact-awards-showcase-exemplary-internet-innovation-leadership-and-achievements-at-citycenter-in-las-vegas-171064481.html
  12. ^ http://www.impact13.com/awards/
  13. ^ "A press release from the Architects' Chamber of Ankara about the underpasses" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-09-22. 
  14. ^ "Chamber of Civil Engineers of Ankara: "underpasses are not a solution to Ankara's traffic problems"". Yapi.com.tr. 2009-02-20. Retrieved 2010-09-22. 
  15. ^ "Hürriyet Newspaper | Corruption stays on Ankara agenda". Hurriyet.com.tr. Retrieved 2010-09-22. 
  16. ^ "Today's Zaman | Kılıçdaroğlu, Gökçek clash over corruption claims". Todayszaman.com. 2008-12-19. Retrieved 2010-09-22. 
  17. ^ "Article from the website of an activist group "Ankara Platform"" (in Turkish). Ankaramplatformu.org. 2008-07-16. Retrieved 2010-09-22. 
  18. ^ "Radikal Newspaper, "people from Ankara's rural areas were transported to vote in the referendum", "referendum declared invalid"". Radikal.com.tr. 2003-10-26. Retrieved 2010-09-22. 
  19. ^ http://www2.tbmm.gov.tr/d23/7/7-5531s.pdf
  20. ^ "Hurriyet Newspaper | Gökçek's Rainbow Project Became a Fiasco". Ankara.hurriyet.com.tr. Retrieved 2010-09-22. 
  21. ^ "Consumers' Association, "Kızılırmak water is not drinkable"". Tudef.org.tr. Retrieved 2010-09-22. 
  22. ^ Press release from METU's Environmental Engineering Department
  23. ^ "METU's president Ural Akbulut: "Kızılırmak water contains 2 times more Arsenic than the limit"". Guncel.net. Retrieved 2010-09-22. 
  24. ^ "Radikal newspaper | Gökçek takes revenge from University over arsenic claims". Radikal.com.tr. 2008-07-17. Retrieved 2010-09-22. 
  25. ^ http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/men-to-hit-the-streets-against-abortion-ban.aspx?pageID=238&nID=22559&NewsCatID=339
  26. ^ (in Turkish). timeturk.com. 2013-06-15 http://www.timeturk.com/tr/2013/06/15/twitter-da-ozel-e-giren-melih-gokcek-e-dava.html. Retrieved 2013-06-15.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  27. ^ . aljazeera.com. 2013-06-06 http://www.aljazeera.com/news/europe/2013/06/20136517051100807.html. Retrieved 2013-06-15.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  28. ^ . europa.eu. 2013-06-12 http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_SPEECH-13-525_en.html. Retrieved 2013-06-15.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  29. ^ "BBC reporters 'intimidated' by Turkey". 24 June 2013. 
  30. ^ http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/popular-turkish-singer-causes-outrage-with-anti-semitic-gaza-tweets.aspx?pageID=238&nID=68996&NewsCatID=341wsCatID=341
  31. ^ Bekdil, Burak. "Sorry to remind you ‘once’ again (but Golda Meir was right) – Part II". Retrieved 18 July 2014. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Vedat Aydın
Mayor of Ankara
1994–present
Succeeded by
incumbent