Melissa Hayden (dancer)
Hayden in 1965
April 25, 1923
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
|Died||August 9, 2006 (aged 83)
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, U.S.
|Children||Stuart and Jennifer Coleman|
|Parent(s)||Jacob Herman and Kate (née Weinberg) Herman|
Hayden was born in Toronto as the second daughter of Jacob Herman and his wife Kate Weinberg, Jewish immigrants from Russia. The young Mildred was called Millie at home, a nickname she kept for the rest of her life.
In the early 1940s, she moved to New York City to join the ballet corps at Radio City Music Hall. From 1945–47, she was a member of the American Ballet Theatre; she joined the New York City Ballet shortly after its founding in 1948. She performed there many times with noted dancer Jacques d'Amboise. From 1955 until her retirement in 1973, Hayden was the prima ballerina of the New York City Ballet.
Film and television
In 1965, she was seen on American TV as the Sugar Plum Fairy in a one-hour German-American adaptation of The Nutcracker. Filmed in 1964, and first shown in the United States by CBS just four days before Christmas 1965, the production, with a heavily altered storyline, featured an international cast of dancers and English narration by Eddie Albert, who was at the time in the first year of the run of Green Acres. Edward Villella and Patricia McBride also starred.
After appearing in over 60 ballets, mainly works by George Balanchine, Hayden retired as a dancer in 1973. Balanchine honored her on her retirement by creating the ballet "Cortege Hongrois", which is still part of the New York City Ballet's repertoire. At the premiere of the piece, Mayor John Lindsay presented Hayden with the city's Handel Medallion, praising her as an "extraordinary ballerina who has filled the hearts of her audience with joy."
After her retirement, she became head of the ballet department at Skidmore College, and taught ballet at the School of Pacific Northwest Ballet in Seattle, and in New York City, where she opened her own school. From 1983 until just a month before her death, she taught at the North Carolina School of the Arts in Winston-Salem, where she stressed and impressed upon the student body the importance of the Balanchine technique with which she was most famously associated. She rehearsed and staged some of Balanchine's most demanding works including Concerto Barrocco, Who Cares?, and the masterful Theme & Variations. 
Marriage and children
Hayden was also an author of several books:
- Melissa Hayden, Offstage and On (1963)
- Ballet Exercises for Figure, Grace & Beauty (1969)
- Dancer to Dancer: Advice for Today's Dancer (1981) ISBN 0-385-15582-4
- The Nutcracker Ballet, ilustrado por Stephen Johnson (1992) ISBN 0-8362-4501-6
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Melissa Hayden (dancer).|
- Rose Anne Thom. Melissa Hayden. Jewish Women Archive. Jwa.org. Retrieved on October 28, 2013.
- Vivien Schweitzer (August 10, 2006) Legendary Balanchine Ballerina Melissa Hayden Dies at 83. Playbillarts
- Melissa Hayden (1923–2006). Andros on Ballet. Michaelminn.net (August 8, 2006). Retrieved on October 28, 2013.
- Anna Kisselgoff (August 10, 2006) Melissa Hayden, a Vibrant Star of New York City Ballet, Dies at 83. NY Times. Retrieved on October 28, 2013.
- Melissa Hayden Obituary. Telegraph.co.uk (August 12, 2006). Retrieved on October 28, 2013.
- Rose Anne Thom, Jewish Women Archive
- Gustaitis, Rasa: Melissa Hayden Ballerina. Nelson. 1967.