It was previously known as Shahanshahi Park (Persian: پارک شاهنشاهی; English: Imperial Park) prior to the revolution of 1979. It is one of the largest recreation areas in Tehran. It is situated at the foot of the Alborz mountains adjacent to Valiasr Street in the east, and extends to the Chamran Expressway (Parkway) and Seoul Street to the west. The park lies south of the Tehran International Fair grounds and the Enghelab Club. It has pathways for walking and shade for picnics and relaxation as well as facilities such as snack bars, coffee shops, and a small aviary. At the edge of the park is a new Cineplex. Mellat Park is watered by the winter-snow streams coming down from Mt. Tochal close to 4,000 m high.
The Mellat park is also the location of one of the steam-powered locomotives used on the first Persian railway section built during 1886-1888 . The No. 664 locomotive was built by the Belgian Ateliers de Tubize and commissioned on 1887.
Mellat Park is home to the first musical fountains in Tehran.Since July 2008, they attract and entertain many families at night.
Mellat Cinema Complex
The Mellat Cinema Complex was opened during a ceremony at the Mellat Park on November 9, 2008. The number of cultural and artistic centers in metropolitan Tehran has been increasing in recent years and that is happening according to some detailed planning. The complex is in an area of 6000 square meters in southwestern part of the Mellat Park.
It contains four theater halls with 280 seats, a cinematheque with 30 seats, and space for holding exhibitions and marketing cultural products.
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