Melrose, South Australia
Melrose Township with Mount Remarkable
|Population||431 (2006 Census)|
|Location||265 km (165 mi) north of Adelaide|
|LGA(s)||District Council of Mount Remarkable|
The first European explorer in the area was Edward John Eyre in 1840, closely followed by settlers coming to farm the area. Copper was discovered and mining started in 1846, but it was not economic, and ceased in 1851. The mine was opened again three more times, the latest closure was in 1917.
In 1893 at a time of high unemployment, Wilton Hack founded a communal settlement in the area. At its peak, some 130 settlers were working 1,000 acres of land. By the end of 1895 after a succession of poor seasons around half the settlers had left, and in 1896 the village was closed by the Government.
Today, Melrose is the base for visitors to the Mount Remarkable National Park and centre for the local farmers.
When it was opened in 1848, the police station in Melrose was the base of the largest police district in the world. A constable, two troopers and an Aboriginal tracker were responsible for an area extending to the Timor Sea.
In June, Melrose is home to the Fat Tyre Festival, an off road bike celebration exploring local bike trails and crowding parades of freak bikes.
Notes and references
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Melrose (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
- "A Man's Duty is to Serve His Country". The Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 13 September 1913. p. 2 Section: Second Section. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
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