Melsungen

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Melsungen
Coat of arms of Melsungen
Coat of arms
Melsungen   is located in Germany
Melsungen
Melsungen
Coordinates: 51°08′N 09°33′E / 51.133°N 9.550°E / 51.133; 9.550Coordinates: 51°08′N 09°33′E / 51.133°N 9.550°E / 51.133; 9.550
Country Germany
State Hesse
Admin. region Kassel
District Schwalm-Eder-Kreis
Subdivisions 7 Stadtteile
Government
 • Mayor Markus Boucsein (Ind.)
Area
 • Total 63.1 km2 (24.4 sq mi)
Elevation 160-460 m (−1,300 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 13,293
 • Density 210/km2 (550/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 34212
Dialling codes 05661
Vehicle registration HR
Website www.melsungen.de

Melsungen (German pronunciation: [ˈmɛlzʊŋən]) is a small climatic spa in the Schwalm-Eder district in northern Hesse, Germany. In 1987, the town hosted the 27th Hessentag state festival.

Geography[edit]

Melsungen lies on the river Fulda in the North Hesse Highland. The brooks Pfieffe and Kehrenbach flow into the Fulda here. A few kilometres downstream, the river Eder also empties into the Fulda.

Location[edit]

The nearest large towns are Kassel (downstream, about 22 km to the north) and Bad Hersfeld (upstream, about 32 km to the southeast).

Constituent communities[edit]

Melsungen comprises several smaller communities. In addition the main community, which is also called Melsungen, there are seven quarters named Adelshausen, Günsterode, Kehrenbach, Kirchhof, Obermelsungen, Röhrenfurth and Schwarzenberg.

History[edit]

Historical record of the town dates from 802, but it was likely settled much earlier, during the Hallstatt period (9th to 4th centuries BCE).

Middle Ages[edit]

Melsungen had developed into a small town (burgus) by 1189. The town's coat of arms also originated at this time.

In the course of its history, Melsungen often changed hands. The fiercest fighting over the town was between the Archbishops of Mainz and the Landgraves of Hesse and Thuringia.

Melsungen achieved its importance from its location at the crossroads of three mediaeval trade routes, the Sälzerweg, running east-west; the Nürnberger Straße, running north-south; and Durch die langen Hessen (roughly "Through the Long Hessians").

Modern Age[edit]

In 1554, a fire destroyed parts of the heart of town. In 1637, during the Thirty Years' War, the constituent community of Günsterode was laid waste.

From 1821 to 1974, Melsungen was an administrative centre and an independent district seat, until the Melsungen district was combined with the neighbouring Fritzlar-Homberg and Ziegenhain districts.

The town's 14,000 or so inhabitants call themselves Bartenwetzer ("Axe whetters").

Coat of arms[edit]

The old seal and today's civic coat of arms have their roots in the late 12th century. Heraldically, the arms might be described thus: In azure a town gate and tower argent – with roof gules surmounted by two finials Or – flanked by crenellated town walls argent.

The town's official blazon describes the roof as "tile-red" – not truly "gules" (i.e. red). The arms can be traced back to 1577.

Politics[edit]

Town council consists of 37 members. As of the last municipal elections held on 26 March 2006, the seats are apportioned thus:

SPD  : 22 seats
CDU  : 9 seats
FDP  : 6 seats

The town executive consists of six councillors and the mayor. Four of these seats are held by the SPD, and one each by the CDU and FDP.

On 28 November 2004, Dieter Runzheimer (SPD) was elected mayor with a 62.8% share of the vote. He took office on 1 March 2005.

Main sights[edit]

The Melsunger Schloss.
The "Zweipfennigbrücke" across the Fulda.
  • Fachwerkstadt (compact area featuring half-timbered houses in the Old Town)
  • Town Hall (from 1556), with Axe Whetter in the tower
  • Schloss (stately home built between 1550 and 1557 by Landgrave Philip) with garden
  • Marketplace
  • Bartenwetzerbrücke ("Axe Whetters' Bridge" built between 1595 and 1596)
  • Gothic town church (built between 1415 and 1425)
  • Hospitalskapelle St. Georg ("St George's Hospital Chapel")
  • Eulenturm ("Owl Tower"; a preserved tower from the old town wall)
  • Zweipfenningsbrücke ("Twopenny Bridge" from 1890)
  • Stirling-Bau (B. Braun Melsungen AG's Pfieffewiesen Works)

Sport[edit]

  • MT Melsungen (mainly team handball)
  • Melsunger Fußballverein 08 (football)

Culture[edit]

Regular events[edit]

  • Melsunger Weinfest (wine festival)
  • Melsunger Kabarett-Wettbewerb (cabaret contest)
  • Bad Liebenstein-Stafette (yearly relay)

Culinary specialities[edit]

  • Ahle Wurst (or Aahle Worscht), a kind of Hessian hard pork sausage. Its name is a dialectal form of alte Wurst – "old sausage".

Transportation[edit]

The town lies on Autobahn A 7. Federal Highway (Bundesstraße) B 83 runs through Melsungen and Bundesstraßen B 253 and B 487 both begin (or end) here.

Melsungen lies on the KasselBebraFulda railway line and belongs to the North Hesse Transport Network. In May 2006 the RegioTram line RT5 (Kassel-Melsungen) began running. It connects Melsungen with downtown Kassel without passengers needing to transfer. The line ends where the Melsungen-Süd turning loop is still not finished. Further stations are being built in Melsungen-Schwarzenberg und Melsungen-Bartenwetzerbrücke.

Economy[edit]

Melsungen is home to the firm B. Braun Melsungen, which has a €3,500,000,000 yearly turnover, and about 35,100 employees worldwide (as of 2007).

Personalities[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

Melsungen has partnerships with the following towns:

There is also a "friendship" with the Berlin community of Spandau.

References[edit]

External links[edit]