Sir Melville Arnott (14 January 1909 – 17 September 1999) was a British academic. He graduated from the University of Edinburgh in 1931 and was appointed William Withering Chair in Medicine at the University of Birmingham in 1946, after serving in the Far East during the Second World War. He was one of the first medical officers to enter Bergen-Belsen concentration camp at the end of the war in Europe. He played a major role in the Nuffield Foundation's Planning Committee (1957–59) that established a new medical school at the then University of Rhodesia, now the University of Zimbabwe.
- Wade, Owen (27 September 1999). "Obituary: Sir Melville Arnott". The Independent. Retrieved 28 May 2007.