Member states of NATO

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Original and joining members[edit]

Main article: Enlargement of NATO

NATO has added new members six times since its founding in 1949, and since 2009 NATO has had 28 members. Twelve countries were part of the founding of NATO: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States. In 1952, Greece and Turkey became members of the Alliance. In 1990, with the reunification of Germany, NATO grew to include the former country of East Germany. Between 1994 and 1997, wider forums for regional cooperation between NATO and its neighbors were set up, including the Partnership for Peace, the Mediterranean Dialogue initiative and the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council. In 1997, three former Warsaw Pact countries, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and Poland, were invited to join NATO. After this fourth enlargement in 1999, the Vilnius group of The Baltics and seven East European countries formed in May 2000 to cooperate and lobby for further NATO membership. Seven of these countries joined in the fifth enlargement in 2004. Albania and Croatia joined in the sixth enlargement in 2009.

Founding nations (1949)[edit]

Country Comment
 Belgium
 Canada
 Denmark Denmark's NATO membership includes the Faroe Islands and Greenland.
 France France withdrew from the integrated military command in 1966 to pursue an independent defense system but returned to full participation on 3 April 2009.
 Iceland Iceland, the sole member that does not have its own standing army, joined on the condition that it would not be expected to establish one. However, its strategic geographic position in the Atlantic made it an invaluable member. It has a Coast Guard and has recently contributed a voluntary peacekeeping force, trained in Norway for NATO.
 Italy
 Luxembourg
 Netherlands
 Norway
 Portugal
 United Kingdom
 United States

Enlargement (1952-2009)[edit]

Country Date Wave Comment
 Greece 18 February 1952 First Greece withdrew its forces from NATO’s military command structure from 1974 to 1980 as a result of Greco-Turkish tensions following the 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus.
 Turkey
 Germany 9 May 1955 Second Joined as West Germany; Saarland reunited with it in 1957 and the territories of Berlin and the former German Democratic Republic reunited with it on 3 October 1990. The GDR (East Germany) was a member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1956–1990.
 Spain 30 May 1982 Third
 Czech Republic 12 March 1999 Fourth Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1991 as part of Czechoslovakia.
 Hungary Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1991.
 Poland Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1990.
 Bulgaria 29 March 2004 Fifth Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1991.
 Estonia Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1991 as part of the Soviet Union.
 Latvia Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1991 as part of the Soviet Union.
 Lithuania Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1991 as part of the Soviet Union.
 Romania Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1991.
 Slovakia Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1991 as part of Czechoslovakia.
 Slovenia Previously part of Yugoslavia 1945–1991 (Non-aligned)
 Albania 1 April 2009 Sixth Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1968.
 Croatia Previously part of Yugoslavia 1945–1991 (Non-aligned)

Defence expenditures of NATO countries (2013)[1][2][edit]

Country Currency Expenditure (in millions)
 Albania Leks 19.276
 Belgium Euros 3.964
 Bulgaria Leva 1.105
 Croatia Kunas 4.845
 Czech Republic Koruny 42.016
 Denmark Kroner 25.572
 Estonia Euros 361
 France Euros 39.402
 Germany Euros 36.739
 Greece Euros 4.275
 Hungary Forint 270.738
 Italy Euros 18.983
 Latvia Lats 154
 Lithuania Litai 921
 Luxembourg Euros 187
 Netherlands Euros 7.777
 Norway Kroner 43.427
 Poland Zlotys 28.733
 Portugal Euros 2501
 Romania New Lei 8.666
 Slovak Republic Euros 752
 Slovenia Euros 391
 Spain Euros 9.612
 Turkey 1000 Liras 27.305
 United Kingdom Pounds 38.614
 NATO Europe US dollars 269.736
 Canada Canadian dollars 18.953
 United States US dollars 735.154
 NATO North America US dollars 753.582
NATO Total US dollars 1.023.318

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Financial and Economic Data Relating to NATO Defence". NATO Website. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Iceland has no armed forces.