Member states of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

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Member states / Observer states / Dialogue partner entries

The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is an international alliance that consists of 6 member states and 5 observers from Eurasia. It was established on 26 April 1996 as Shanghai Five. Of the 6 member states and 5 observers, SCO currently also have 3 dialogue partners and 3 guest attendance entries.

Member states[edit]

Flag Country
Capital
Area
(km²)
Population
Density
(/km²)
GDP per cap.
(PPP)
[1]
HDI[2] Currency
Official languages Leaders Accession
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
People's Republic of China
Beijing 9,640,011 a1,339,724,852
(2010 Census)
139.6 9,162 0.699 Renminbi (Chinese yuan)
(CNY)
Standard Chinese[3]
written in simplified characters[3]
see also languages of China
Head of State: Xi Jinping
Head of Government: Li Keqiang
1996-04-26
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan
Republic of Kazakhstan
Astana 2,724,900 d16,009,600
(2009 Census)
5.94 13,893 0.754 Kazakhstani tenge
(KZT)
Kazakh (National)
Russian
Head of State: Nursultan Nazarbayev
Head of Government: Serik Akhmetov
1996-04-26
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyz Republic
Bishkek 199,900 f5,362,800
(2009 Census)
27.4 2,376 0.622 Kyrgyzstani som
(KGS)
Kyrgyz (National)
Russian
Head of State: Almazbek Atambayev
Head of Government: Zhantoro Satybaldiyev
1996-04-26
Flag of Russia.svg Russia
Russian Federation
Moscow 17,075,400 b142,905,208
(2010 Census)
8.3 17,709 0.788 Russian ruble
(RUB)
Russian
also see Languages of Russia
Head of State: Vladimir Putin
Head of Government: Dmitry Medvedev
1996-04-26
Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan
Republic of Tajikistan
Dushanbe 143,100 e7,564,500
(2010 Census)
48.6 2,229 0.622 Tajikistani somoni
(TJS)
Tajik Persian Head of State: Emomalii Rahmon
Head of Government: Oqil Oqilov
1996-04-26
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan
Republic of Uzbekistan
Tashkent 447,400 c29,559,100
(2012 est.)
61.4 3,555 0.654 Uzbekistani som
(UZS)
Uzbek Head of State: Islam Karimov
Head of Government: Shavkat Mirziyoyev
2001-06-15

Observer states[edit]

Flag Country
Capital
Area
(km²)
Population
Density
(/km²)
GDP per cap.
(PPP)
[1]
HDI[2] Currency
Official languages Leaders Status gained
Flag of Afghanistan.svg Afghanistan
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Kabul 652,230 d30,419,928
(2012 est.)
43.5 1,054 0.374 Afghan afghani
(AFN)
Pashto language
Dari Persian
Head of State and Government: Hamid Karzai 2012-06-07
Flag of India.svg India
Republic of India
New Delhi 3,287,240 a1,210,193,422
(2011 Census)
364.4 3,830 0.554 Indian rupee
(INR)
Hindi (Devanagari script),
English
also see Languages of India
Head of State: Pranab Mukherjee
Head of Government: Narendra Modi
2005-06-23
Flag of Iran.svg Iran
Islamic Republic of Iran
Tehran 1,648,195 c77,176,930
(2013 Census)
48.0 13,127 0.742 Iranian rial
(IRR)
Persian Head of State and Government:
Ali Khamenei & Hassan Rouhani
2005-06-23
Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia Ulaanbaatar 1,564,115 e2,754,685
(2010 Census)
1.75 5,372 0.675 Mongolian tögrög
(MNT)
Mongolian Head of State: Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
Head of Government: Norovyn Altankhuyag
2004-06-17
Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Islamabad 796,095 b187,342,721
(2011 Est.)
214.3 2,881 0.515 Pakistani rupee
(PKR)
Urdu (National)
English
Head of State: Mamnoon Husain
Head of Government: Nawaz Sharif
2005-06-23

Dialogue partner entries[edit]

Flag Country
Capital
Area
(km²)
Population
Density
(/km²)
GDP per cap.
(PPP)
[1]
HDI[2] Currency
Official languages Leaders Status gained
Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus
Republic of Belarus
Minsk 207,595 c9,457,500
(2012 Census)
45.8 15,634 0.793 Belarusian ruble
(BYR)
Belarusian
Russian
Head of State: Alexander Lukashenko
Head of Government: Mikhail Myasnikovich
2010-04-28
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka
Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte (Administrative)
Colombo (Commercial)
65,610 b20,277,597
(2012 Census)
323.0 6,107 0.715 Sri Lankan rupee
(LKR)
Sinhala
Tamil
Head of State and Government: Mahinda Rajapaksa 2009-06-16
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey
Republic of Turkey
Ankara 783,562 a75,627,384
(2013 est.)
97.0 15,001 0.722 Turkish lira
(TRY)
Turkish Head of State: Abdullah Gül
Head of Government: Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
2012-06-07

Guest attendance entries[edit]

References[edit]