Member states of the International Organization of the Francophonie

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Map highlighting member states

The official list of member states of the International Organization of the Francophonie is available at the Francophonie website.

Mauritania's membership was suspended on August 26, 2008, pending democratic elections, after a military coup d'état,[1] then again in April 2009.[2] Mali's membership was also suspended in March 2012[3] due to a coup, and then the Central African Republic was suspended for instances of la Francophonie at the 88th session of the CPF (March 2012), as well as Guinea-Bissau on April 18, 2012[4] for the same reason.

List of member states[edit]

Country Joined Language Notes
 Albania 1999 Albanian approximately 30% of young Albanians choose French as their first foreign language[5]
 Andorra 2004 Catalan Neighbouring France. The French President is co-Prince of Andorra. Read further: Languages of Andorra
 Armenia 2012 Armenian Fondation Université Française en Arménie; Historical French-Armenian ties, including the Armenian national movement and the French-Armenian Agreement of 1916. A significant part of the Armenian diaspora lives in France. See further: Armenia–France relations, Languages of Armenia
 Belgium 1970 officially trilingual, French included French is the native language of about 40% of the population [6] and another 48% can speak it as a second, third or fourth language.[4] Belgium's French community is also a member separately. See also: Languages of Belgium and Belgian French
* Wallonia French Community of Belgium 1980 French official language a community of Belgium with its two components Wallonia (excepting the German-speaking community) and Brussels-Capital Region (its French-speaking majority)
 Benin 1970 French former French colony
 Bulgaria 1993 Bulgarian French as second language in Bulgaria is spoken by 9% of the Bulgarian people, and is taught as a main foreign language in about 25% of primary schools.[7]
 Burkina Faso 1970 French former French colony
 Burundi 1970 French former Belgian UN-protectorate
 Cambodia 1993 Khmer former French protectorate (as a part of former French Indochina)
 Cameroon 1991 officially bilingual, French included over 90% of country was a French colony
 Canada 1970 Officially bilingual, French included the provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick are participating governments; much of Quebec, Ontario and the Atlantic Provinces formed part of New France, the North American portion of the first French colonial empire. As of 2004, a government representative from Ontario also attends as part of the Canadian delegation, although Ontario is not yet a participating government in its own right.
*  New Brunswick 1977 officially bilingual, French included considered a "participating government," this province of Canada is officially bilingual English-French and home to the largest community of Acadians.
*  Quebec 1971 French considered a "participating government," this province of Canada has French as its official language and is home to 85% of Canada's native francophones.
 Cape Verde 1996 Portuguese Former Portuguese colony with many neighbouring French-speaking countries.
 Central African Republic 1973 officially bilingual, French included former French colony
 Chad 1970 French former French colony
 Comoros 1977 officially trilingual, French included former French colony
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 1977 French former Belgian colony. See also: Languages of the DRC
 Republic of the Congo 1981 French former French colony
 Ivory Coast 1970 French former French colony. See also: Languages of Côte d'Ivoire
 Cyprus 2006 Greek, Turkish French is understood and spoken by 12% of the population; Historical ties through the Lusignan rule of the Kingdom of Cyprus during the Middle Ages. The Republic of Cyprus enjoys a robust relationship with France and looks to French policy on many issues .[citation needed]
 Djibouti 1977 officially bilingual, French included former French colony
 Dominica 1979 English French and then British colony; Antillean Creole, a French-based creole language, is spoken by 90% of the population.
 Egypt 1983 Arabic traditional Francophone elite
 Equatorial Guinea 1989 (officially trilingual, French included) Former Spanish colony surrounded by French-speaking countries.
 France 1970 French
 Gabon 1970 French former French colony
 Ghana 2006 English The country is surrounded by French-speaking countries. See further: Languages of Ghana
 Greece 2004 Greek French is understood and spoken by 8% of the population
 Guinea 1981 French former French colony
 Guinea-Bissau 1979 Portuguese country surrounded by French-speaking countries. Former Portuguese colony
 Haiti 1970 officially bilingual, French included former French colony
 Laos 1991 Lao former French colony (as a part of former French Indochina)
 Lebanon 1973 Arabic; French is an administrative language Under a French mandate from 1920–1943, historical Crusader ties, French language used in schools and universities, and is understood by the majority of the population.
 Luxembourg 1970 Officially trilingual, French included
 Republic of Macedonia 2001 Macedonian French is taught as a second language in many Macedonian schools throughout the country. Recently, English is more dominant in the Macedonian educational system and the use of French rapidly declined.
 Madagascar 1970–1977,
1989
officially bilingual, French included former French colony
 Mali 1970 French former French colony
 Mauritania 1980 Arabic former French colony, French is an administrative language
 Mauritius 1970 English; Creole is the mother tongue of the general population. Dutch, French, and then British colony; French is widely used in commerce and by the media.
 Moldova 1996 Romanian close ties with Romania
 Monaco 1970 French independent country enclaved in France
 Morocco 1981 Arabic former French protectorate; French is commonly used
 Niger 1970 French former French colony
 Romania 1993 Romanian French is understood and spoken by 24% of the population.[8] Historic cultural ties with France, especially during the late 19th century and early 20th century.
 Rwanda 1970 officially trilingual with French included former Belgian UN-protectorate. In 2009, became a member of the Commonwealth, but remains a member within Francophonie.
 Saint Lucia 1981 English Former French and British colony. Antillean Creole, a French-based creole language, is spoken by 90% of the population.
 São Tomé and Príncipe 1999 Portuguese Former Portuguese colony, neighbouring French-speaking countries.
 Senegal 1970 French former French colony, part of former French West Africa
 Seychelles 1976 officially trilingual, French included former French colony (first empire), later British colony, French is commonly used
  Switzerland 1996 Officially quadrilingual, French included French is the native language of about 20% of all Swiss.
 Qatar 2012 Arabic French is taught as the optional second or third language in some private schools.[citation needed]
 Togo 1970 French former French colony
 Tunisia 1970 French former French protectorate; French is commonly used
 Vanuatu 1979 officially trilingual former French and British condominium of New Hebrides
 Vietnam 1970 Vietnamese former French colony (as a part of former French Indochina)

Observers[edit]

Country Joined Language Notes
 Austria 2004 German Neighbouring Francophone Switzerland, French is spoken by 10% as additional language.See further: Languages of Austria.
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2010 Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
 Croatia 2004 Croatian French is understood and spoken by 4% of the population, and a large part of the country was part of the Illyrian Provinces during Napoleonic rule from 1809 to 1813.
 Czech Republic 1999 Czech French is understood and spoken by 2% of the population.
 Dominican Republic 2010 Spanish Neighbouring Francophone Haiti. Francophone minority. French colony from 1795 to 1808. French taught at most schools as a 3rd language.
 Estonia 2010 Estonian
 Georgia 2004 Georgian Like Armenia, Georgia had a connection with the French kingdoms in the Middle Ages.[citation needed]
 Hungary 2004 Hungarian French is understood and spoken by 2% of the population.See further: Languages of Hungary.
 Latvia 2008 Latvian Louis XVIII's government-in-exile was located in Jelgava Palace between 1797 and 1801.
 Lithuania 1999 Lithuanian French is understood and spoken by 1% of the population.
 Montenegro 2010 Montenegrin French is taught in one-third of schools.
 Mozambique 2006 Portuguese former Portuguese colony.See further: Languages of Mozambique.
 Poland 1996 Polish Poland has historic ties to France; French is understood and spoken by 3% of the population, and many Polish emigrants settled in France in the 20th century.
 Serbia 2006 Serbian French is taught in one-third of schools.See further: Languages of Serbia.
 Slovakia 2002 Slovak French is spoken by 2% as additional language
 Slovenia 1999 Slovene French is spoken by 4% as additional language, and a large part of the country was part of the Illyrian Provinces with its capital in Ljubljana during Napoleonic rule from 1809 to 1813.
 Thailand 2008 Thai Thailand shares the same borders with two former French colonies (Cambodia and Laos) and French is taught as the third language in some Thai schools.
 Ukraine 2006 Ukrainian See further: Languages of Ukraine.
 United Arab Emirates 2010 Arabic French is taught as the optional second or third language in some private schools.[citation needed]
 Uruguay 2012 Spanish

Eligible non-member states[edit]

These are nations that have had some connection to France or its former colonies in the past. If not necessarily eligible for full membership, some of these states are still eligible for either associate membership or observance due to diplomatic, commercial, or cultural ties.

Country Language Notes
 Algeria Arabic Former French colony; French is still commonly used.[9]
 Brazil Portuguese Former French (See further: France Antarctique[10][11] and France Équinoxiale[12]) and Portuguese colony; a large number of French immigrants
 Gambia English Former British colony surrounded by Francophone Senegal; French-speaking minority
 Germany German Neighboring France; historical Frankish ties through the Merovingian and Carolingian dynasties; Confederation of the Rhine under Napoleon I; French is spoken by 15% of the population (See further: Languages of Germany.)
 Grenada English Former French[13] and British colony; Grenadian Creole French[14] is spoken by a small minority.
 India English, Other official languages Includes French India, a former French colony. Has close diplomatic, economic and defence ties with France. French is an official language in the Union territory of Pondicherry whose inhabitants possess dual French and Indian citizenship and is taught as an optional second language in schools in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu (See further: France-India relations, French people in India)
 Ireland Irish, English Long diplomatic and commercial ties with France; the Norman conquest of Ireland by the House of Plantagenet; both fought against Great Britain cooperatively, especially during the 1798 Irish Rebellion; French is spoken and understood by 20% of the population. (See further: Languages of Ireland.)
 Israel Hebrew, Arabic For many years French had been the diplomatic language of Israel, and it is still taught in many Israeli schools. The French embassy’s Institut Français supports French studies in Israeli schools. Israel has tried to join La Francophonie,[15] but has been rebuffed by its Arab members. Tel Aviv University joined the Agence universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF) in 2005.[15]
 Italy Italian Neighboring France; long diplomatic ties with France; the House of Savoy; the Kingdom of Italy under Napoleon I; French is also an official language in the small region of Aosta Valley.[16]
*  Valle d'Aosta Italian, French Would be considered a "participating government" due to its autonomous status;[17] it is the only region in Italy where French is an official language.
 Japan Japanese Long diplomatic and commercial ties with France; partnered with France in Pacific Ocean trade and security; French is taught as a third language in most secondary schools. (See further: France-Japan relations.)
 Malta Maltese, English Historic crusader ties through the Knights Hospitaller; a part of the First French Empire under Napoleon I; many Maltese learn French through secondary school education.[18]
 Mexico Spanish A large number of French immigrants.;[19] Second Mexican Empire, a puppet state of the Second French Empire under Napoleon III;[20] French is still taught as a third language in most secondary schools.
 Netherlands Dutch Neighboring Francophone Belgium; historical Frankish ties through the Merovingian and Carolingian dynasties; the Batavian Republic and the Kingdom of Holland under Napoleon I; French is spoken by 29% of the population. (See further: Languages of the Netherlands.)
 Nigeria English Former British colony surrounded by French-speaking countries; French is now taught as a third language in most secondary schools.
 Portugal Portuguese Historic close ties with France; Highly influenced by the French language and culture; French is spoken by 24% of its people.
 Russia Russian Traditional Francophone elite. (See further: Languages of Russia.)
 South Korea Korean Long diplomatic and commercial ties with France; partnered with France in Pacific Ocean trade and security; French is taught as a third language in most secondary schools. (See further: France-South Korea relations.)
 Spain Spanish Neighboring France; centuries-old diplomatic and commercial ties with France; the House of Bourbon;[21] the Kingdom of Spain under Napoleon I;[22] French is spoken by 12% of the population. (See further: Languages of Spain.)
 Syria Arabic Like Lebanon, it was under a French mandate from 1920–1943, historical Crusader ties through the Principality of Antioch and the County of Tripoli, French language used in schools and universities, and is understood by politicians and scholars.
 Turkey Turkish Long diplomatic and commercial ties with France starting with the Franco-Ottoman alliance;[23] traditional Francophone elite and intelligentsia; a growing Turkish community in France';[24][25] French is spoken by 3% percent of the population. (See further: Languages of Turkey.
 Taiwan Chinese French is the third most widely spoken foreign language after English and Japanese; Notable number of Francophiles.
 United Kingdom English, Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Scots, Ulster-Scots, Welsh, Cornish Shares the English Channel with France; the Norman conquest of England by the House of Normandy;[26] further ties with French royalty through the House of Plantagenet;[27][28] 23% of UK residents can carry on a conversation in French,[29] and French has traditionally been the UK's most popular foreign language. French is also an official language in both Jersey and Guernsey.
*  Guernsey English, French, Guernésiais Would be considered a "participating government" since it is a self-governing parliamentary democracy.
*  Jersey English, French, Jèrriais Would be considered a "participating government" since it is a self-governing parliamentary democracy.[30]
 United States English (de facto) French is currently the fourth most spoken language in the nation.[31][32] Upper Louisiana (French: Haute-Louisiane), also known as the Illinois Country (French: Pays des Illinois), which consisted of settlements in what are now the states of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, and Lower Louisiana (French: Basse-Louisiane), which comprised parts of the modern states of Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Northern Texas, and Alabama, formed part of New France, the North American portion of the first French colonial empire. There are three major groups of French dialects that emerged in what is now the United States: Louisiana French, Missouri French, and New England French.[33] French is the second most-popular foreign language in the U.S. after Spanish, and until the past few decades had been the most popular. There is also a significant French-speaking community in the Canadian border states of New Hampshire and Maine.[34]
*  Louisiana English, French Would be considered a "participating government" because it is the only state in the nation to use legal codes based on Roman law[35] and use French as an official language.
 Yemen Arabic Long diplomatic and commercial ties with France. (See further: France-Yemen relations.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "L’OIF suspend la Mauritanie", Radio France Internationale, August 27, 2008
  2. ^ http://www.francophonie.org/Madagascar.html
  3. ^ http://www.francophonie.org/Mali.html
  4. ^ http://www.francophonie.org/Guinee-Bissau.html
  5. ^ Embassy of France in the US - France / Eastern Europe[dead link][dead link]
  6. ^ Ginsburgh, Victor, Université Catholique de Louvain; Weber, Shlomo, Professor Economy and Director of the Center for Economic Studies of the Southern Methodist University, Dallas, USA, and having a seat in the expert panel of the International Monetary Fund [1] (June 2006). "La dynamique des langues en Belgique" (pdf 0.7 MB). Regards économiques, Publication préparée par les économistes de l'Université Catholique de Louvain (in French) 19 (Numéro 42): 282–9. doi:10.1159/000013462. PMID 10213829. Retrieved 2007-05-07. "Les enquêtes montrent que la Flandre est bien plus multilingue, ce qui est sans doute un fait bien connu, mais la différence est considérable : alors que 59 % et 53 % des Flamands connaissent le français ou l'anglais respectivement, seulement 19 % et 17 % des Wallons connaissent le néerlandais ou l'anglais. ... 95 pour cent des Bruxellois déclarent parler le français, alors que ce pourcentage tombe à 59 pour cent pour le néerlandais. Quant à l’anglais, il est connu par une proportion importante de la population à Bruxelles (41 pour cent). ... Le syndrome d’H (...) frappe la Wallonie, où à peine 19 et 17 pour cent de la population parlent respectivement le néerlandais et l’anglais." 
  7. ^ Кой и колко учи езици в Европа, Дневник.
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ "Le dénombrement des francophones". Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. 
  10. ^ A savage mirror: power, identity, and knowledge in early modern France Michael Wintroub p.21 [3]
  11. ^ Orientalism in early Modern France 2008 Ina Baghdiantz McAbe, p.72, ISBN 978-1-84520-374-0
  12. ^ Marley, David (1998). Wars of the Americas: a chronology of armed conflict in the New World, 1492 to the present. ABC-CLIO. p. 101. ISBN 0-87436-837-5. 
  13. ^ Grenada. A History of its People. Steele, Beverley A. 2003.Macmillan Publishers Limited. ISBN 0-333-93053-3, pp.35–44
  14. ^ Ethnologue report for language code:acf
  15. ^ a b "Israel and the OIF institutions: Reply by Mme Brigitte Girardin, Minister Delegate for Cooperation, Development and Francophony, to a Question in the Senate (excerpts)". France in the United Kingdom. Ministère des Affaires Étrangères. 16 May 2006. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  16. ^ "Vda.it". Regione.vda.it. Retrieved 21 April 2010. [dead link]
  17. ^ http://www.camera.it/_dati/leg13/lavori/bollet/200007/0718/pdf/06.pdf
  18. ^ http://schoolnet.gov.mt/sanfrangisktassisi/library/Circulars_Latest/Circulars_2011/02_February/week4b/28.02.CMeLD_43_2011.PDF
  19. ^ "Le moment mexicain dans l'histoire française de l'aventure". "La conséquence de cette émigration fut que, en 1849, les Français représentaient la deuxième nationalité étrangère au Mexique, derrière les Espagnols." 
  20. ^ Jones, Howard (2002). Crucible of Power:A History of American Foreign Relations to 1913. Lanham, Maryland: SR Books. p. 212. ISBN 0-8420-2916-8. 
  21. ^ http://www.spanishsuccession.nl/
  22. ^ José Luis Comellas (1988). Historia de España Contemporánea. Ediciones Rialp. ISBN 978-84-321-2441-9. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  23. ^ Suleiman the Magnificent 1520-1566 Roger Bigelow Merriman p.139
  24. ^ Todays Zaman. "France and its world famous capital 'Paris'". Retrieved 2011-05-01. 
  25. ^ Aksiyon. "Şimdi de mikrofon Frankofonlarda". Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  26. ^ Churchill, Winston (1958). A History of the English-Speaking Peoples. Cassell. p. 190. 
  27. ^ Schama, Simon (2000). A History of Britain. BBC. ISBN 0-563-53483-X Check |isbn= value (help). 
  28. ^ Jones, Dan (2012). The Plantagenets. HarperPress. ISBN 978-0-00-721392-4. 
  29. ^ "EUROPA" (PDF). Retrieved 21 April 2010. 
  30. ^ "Jersey Facts and Figures". Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  31. ^ National Virtual Translation Center – Languages Spoken in the U.S.
  32. ^ U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3 – Language Spoken at Home: 2000.
  33. ^ Ammon, Ulrich; International Sociological Association (1989). Status and Function of Languages and Language Varieties. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 306–308. ISBN 0-89925-356-3. Retrieved September 3, 2010. 
  34. ^ http://www.census.gov/prod/2010pubs/acs-12.pdf
  35. ^ Kinsella, Norman (1997). "A Civil Law to Common Law Dictionary" (PDF). KinsellaLaw.com. Archived from the original on 2010-07-12. Retrieved 2010-12-07.