Member states of the Organization of American States

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All 35 independent nations of the Americas are member states of the Organization of American States (OAS).[1]

Member states[edit]

Upon foundation on 5 May 1948 there were 21 members. The later expansion of the OAS included Canada and the newly independent nations of the Caribbean.


Highest
Lowest
Flag State
Capital
Joined
Population
km²
GDP (PPP)
$Million

GDP (PPP)
per capita

[2]
HDI
New 2013 [3]
Currency
Official
Language(s)
Argentina Argentina Buenos Aires 5 May 1948 40,117,096 2,780,400 716 $18,600 Steady 0.811 Argentine peso Spanish
Bolivia Bolivia Sucre 5 May 1948 10,389,913 1,098,581 55.4 $6,130 Steady 0.675 Bolivian boliviano Spanish
Brazil Brazil Brasilia 5 May 1948 202,818,314 8,515,767 3,012 $15,034 Steady 0.730 Brazilian real Portuguese
Chile Chile Santiago 5 May 1948 16,634,603 756,096 386 $21,911 Increase 0.819 Chilean peso Spanish
Colombia Colombia Bogota 5 May 1948 47,663,000 1,141,748 598 $12,371 Decrease 0.719 Colombian peso Spanish
Costa Rica Costa Rica San José 5 May 1948 4,667,096 51,100 64 $13,872 Increase 0.773 Costa Rican colón Spanish
Cuba Cuba Havana 5 May 1948 11,163,934 109,886 212 $18,796 Decrease 0.780 Cuban peso Spanish
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Santo Domingo 5 May 1948 9,445,281 47,875 122 $11,696 Increase 0.702 Dominican peso Spanish
Ecuador Ecuador Quito 5 May 1948 15,777,700 255,595 165 $10,469 Decrease 0.724 United States dollar Spanish
El Salvador El Salvador San Salvador 5 May 1948 6,340,000 21,040 45 $7,762 Decrease 0.680 United States dollar Spanish
Guatemala Guatemala Guatemala City 5 May 1948 15,438,384 108,889 113 $7,295 Decrease 0.581 Guatemalan quetzal Spanish
Honduras Honduras Tegucigalpa 5 May 1948 8,385,072 112,088 33 $4,591 Steady 0.632 Honduran lempira Spanish
Haiti Haiti Port-au-Prince 5 May 1948 10,413,211 27,065 13 $1,703 Decrease 0.456 Haitian gourde French
Mexico Mexico Mexico City 5 May 1948 119,713,203 1,967,138 2,014 $16,463 Decrease 0.775 Mexican peso Spanish
Nicaragua Nicaragua Managua 5 May 1948 6,071,045 121,428 24.39 $4,571 Steady 0.599 Nicaraguan córdoba Spanish
Panama Panama Panama City 5 May 1948 3,405,813 74,177 64 $19,411 Increase 0.780 United States dollar Spanish
Paraguay Paraguay Asuncion 5 May 1948 6,672,631 406,752 41 $8,043 Decrease 0.669 Paraguayan guaraní Spanish
Peru Peru Lima 5 May 1948 30,475,144 1,285,216 358 $11,775 Increase 0.741 Peruvian nuevo sol Spanish
United States United States Washington D.C. 5 May 1948 318,348,899 9,826,675 16,800 $53,143 Increase 0.937 United States dollar English
Uruguay Uruguay Montevideo 5 May 1948 3,286,314 175,016 62 $19,590 Decrease 0.792 Uruguayan peso Spanish
Venezuela Venezuela Caracas 5 May 1948 28,946,101 916,445 553 $18,194 Increase 0.748 Venezuelan bolívar Spanish
Barbados Barbados Bridgetown 1967 284,589 431 7.169 $15,566 Increase 0.825 Barbadian dollar English
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain 1967 1,328,019 5,155 35.6 $30,439 Decrease 0.760 Trinidad and Tobago dollar English
Jamaica Jamaica Kingston 1969 2,711,476 10,991 21 $8,890 Decrease 0.730 Jamaican dollar English
Grenada Grenada St. George's 1975 103,328 344 1.142 $11,498 Increase 0.770 East Caribbean dollar English
Suriname Suriname Paramaribo 1977 534,189 163,820 4.7 $16,226 Decrease 0.684 Surinamese dollar Dutch
Dominica Dominica Roseau 1979 71,293 739 0.91 $10,030 Increase 0.745 East Caribbean dollar English
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Castries 1979 166,526 617 2.02 $10,560 Decrease 0.725 East Caribbean dollar English
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda St. John's 1981 86,295 442 1.78 $20,977 Decrease 0.760 East Caribbean dollar English
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown 1981 100,892 389 1.20 $10,663 Increase 0.733 East Caribbean dollar English
The Bahamas Bahamas Nassau 1982 351,461 13,940 11.8 $23,102 Increase 0.794 Bahamian dollar English
Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre 1984 51,970 270 0.97 $20,929 Steady 0.745 East Caribbean dollar English
Canada Canada Ottawa 1990 35,615,250 9,984,670 1,519 $43,207 Decrease 0.911 Canadian dollar English, French
Belize Belize Belmopan 1991 312,971 22,965 2.38 $8,442 Decrease 0.702 Belizean dollar English
Guyana Guyana Georgetown 1991 784,894 214,999 2.70 $6,551 Decrease 0.636 Guyanese dollar English

Non-members[edit]

The following is a list non-members of the OAS as they are dependencies of other nations. They are grouped under the states that control them.

 Denmark


 France

 United Kingdom

 Netherlands


 United States


Observers[edit]

  Members
  Observers

[1]

Footnotes[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Member States". Organization of American States. Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  2. ^ "World Bank". 8 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "International Human Development Indicators". Human Development Report 2013, The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 23 March 2013.