Memorial Bridge (Thailand)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Memorial Bridge, Bangkok)
Jump to: navigation, search
Memorial Bridge
(สะพานปฐมบรมราชานุสรณ์)
Bkksaphanphut0609.jpg
Memorial Bridge with the Express Boat Pier
Other name(s) Phra Phutta Yodfa Bridge (สะพานพระพุทธยอดฟ้า)
Carries 3 lanes of roadway, pedestrians
Crosses Chao Phraya River
Locale Bangkok, Thailand
Total length 678 m
Longest span 78 m
Clearance below 7.3 m
Opened 6 April 1932
Coordinates 13°44′21″N 100°29′51″E / 13.73917°N 100.49750°E / 13.73917; 100.49750

The Memorial Bridge (Thai: สะพานปฐมบรมราชานุสรณ์) is a bridge over the Chao Phraya River in Bangkok, in Thailand, connecting the districts Phra Nakhon and Thonburi.

The bridge was opened on 6 April 1932, by King Prajadhipok (Rama VII) in commemoration of the 150th anniversary of the Chakri Dynasty and the foundation of Bangkok, shortly before the Siamese Coup d'état on 24 June 1932. In English the bridge is commonly known as Memorial Bridge, however in Thai it is most commonly known as Phra Phutta Yodfa Bridge (สะพานพระพุทธยอดฟ้า), after King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke (Rama I), the first king of the Chakri Dynasty.

Construction of the bridge was started on 3 December 1929 by Dorman Long, Middlesbrough, England. The bridge used to have a moving mechanism, which is now disused.[1]

On 5 June 1944 as part of the bombing of Bangkok in World War II, a force of B-29 Superfortresses, in a test of their capabilities before being deployed against the Japanese home islands, were targeted against the bridge. The bombs fell over two kilometres away damaging no civilian structures, but downed some tram lines and destroyed a Japanese military hospital and the Japanese secret police headquarters. It was not until 1947 that Thai authorities learned of the intended target.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ประวัติสะพานสำคัญ สะพานพระพุทธยอดฟ้าจุฬาโลกมหาราช (Thai), Bureau of Maintenance and Traffic Safety, Thailand. Retrieved on 31 December 2007
  2. ^ Duncan Stearn (30 May – 5 June 2003). "A Slice of Thai History : The air war over Thailand, 1941-1945 ; Part Two, The Allies attack Thailand, 1942-1945". Pattaya Mail (Pattaya Mail Publishing Co) XI (21). Retrieved 17 February 2012. 

External links[edit]