Memorial University of Newfoundland

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Memorial University of Newfoundland
Memorial University of Newfoundland CoA.svg
Latin: Universitatis Memorialis Terræ Novæ
Motto Provehito in Altum (Latin)
Motto in English "Launch forth into the deep"
Established 1925
Type Public
Religious affiliation Non-denominational
Endowment $62 million[1]
Chancellor Susan Knight
President Dr. Gary Kachanoski
Visitor His Honour The Honourable John Crosbie
Academic staff 1,144 full-time
850 sessional
Students 18,913[2]
Undergraduates 15,418
Postgraduates 3,495
Location St. John's, NL, Canada
47°34′19″N 52°43′58″W / 47.57203°N 52.73265°W / 47.57203; -52.73265Coordinates: 47°34′19″N 52°43′58″W / 47.57203°N 52.73265°W / 47.57203; -52.73265
Campus Urban
Main: 279 acres (113 ha)
Grenfell: 185 acres (75 ha)
Harlow: 25 acres (10 ha)
Former names Memorial University College
Colours
                       
Nickname Sea-Hawks
Mascot Sammy the Seahawk
Affiliations ACU, AUCC, AUS, CARL, CIS, CVU, CUSID, UArctic, ATS, CBIE, CUP, IAU.
Website www.mun.ca
University logo

Memorial University of Newfoundland (colloquially known as Memorial University or "MUN") is a comprehensive university located primarily in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.[3]

With historical strengths in education, engineering, business, geology, and medicine, it is one of the top comprehensive universities in Canada.[4] With over 18,000 students, it is also the largest university in Atlantic Canada.[5]

MUN's four main campuses are served by more than 1100 faculty and 2,300 staff members. Memorial University of Newfoundland has been featured in the SJTU World university rankings, the TOP 500 and many other rankings. Memorial University of Newfoundland is a member of the prestigious International Association of Universities.

Administration[edit]

Memorial University of Newfoundland 107690273RR0001 was registered as a charitable organization in Canada on 1967-01-01. The primary areas in which the charity is now carrying on programs to achieve its charitable purposes, ranked according to the percentage of time and resources devoted to each program area follow:

  • Universities and colleges 60%
  • Research (scientific, medical, environmental, etc.) 40%

The charity carried on charitable programs to further its charitable purpose(s) (as defined in its governing documents) this fiscal period:

  • an inclusive community dedicated to creativity, innovation and excellence in teaching and learning, research and scholarship, and to public engagement and service.
  • recognizes our special obligation to the citizens of Newfoundland and Labrador.
  • welcomes students and scholars from all over the world
  • contributes knowledge and shares expertise locally, nationally and internationally.[6]

Campuses[edit]

MUN has four main campuses and two satellite campuses across three regions of Newfoundland and Labrador, and in two countries (Canada and England). The main campus in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador is split by Prince Philip Drive where the northern section is bounded by Pippy Park, and the southern section is largely surrounded by residential areas. [7]

St. John's campus[edit]

New Residence of Coughlan College

The largest campus is located in St. John's. Prince Philip Drive runs east-west through the main campus, with Westerland Road bordering it to the west, Elizabeth Avenue to the south and Allandale Road to the east. The majority of the academic buildings are located south of Prince Philip Drive; the Arts and Administration building, Science building, Chemistry and Physics, Mathematics, Music, Education, Physical Education and the Bruneau Centre for Research and Innovation. The University Centre is home to the food court, bookstore, campus bar ("Breezeway"), and the CHMR-FM campus radio station.

Libraries and Archives[edit]

The Memorial University Libraries contain collections of university Archives, Fine Arts 1880' s to present; Human History and Natural Sciences.[8] Memorial University of Newfoundland Folklore and Language Archive collection consists of manuscripts, tapes, records, photographs and artifacts pertaining to Maritime Provinces, specifically Newfoundland, Labrador.[9] The Queen Elizabeth II Library, contains 1,058,500 monographs, 93,900 maps, 13,600 audio-visual titles and over 9,000 journal titles. The Commons, located on the main floor of the library, has computers available for use by students as well as a Digital Media Centre.

Marine Institute[edit]

The Marine Institute is a marine polytechnic institution located on Ridge Road in St. John's within Pippy Park, north of the city. It has unique facilities such as a full ship's bridge simulator and the world's largest flume tank. It offers degrees, diplomas, certifications and industry training for the maritime sector.

Grenfell Campus[edit]

See main article on Grenfell Campus for more information.

The Grenfell Campus is a 185-acre (75 ha) site in Corner Brook. It has approximately 1400 students, 156 faculty, 235 staff and offers programs in the Arts, Fine Arts, Business, Science, Resource Management and Nursing.

It had been referred to as Sir Wilfred Grenfell College until September 10, 2010.

Harlow[edit]

The Harlow Campus, located in Old Harlow, Essex, England consists of the Maltings, which can accommodate 30 students and Cabot House which can accommodate 10 students. A former schoolhouse and a teacher's cottage have been converted into a lecture facility and an apartment and a former shop has been converted into apartments. Memorial's Harlow Campus is not a school unto itself. Rather, professional schools and academic departments at Memorial use the Harlow Campus to deliver special programs. Harlow offers courses in Biology, Business, Drama & Performance, English Cultural Landscape, Fine Arts (both Theatre and Visual Arts), Faith, Love & Lore and History & Political Science.

Students and campus housing[edit]

Burton's Pond apartments

There are over 17,000 students currently enrolled in full and part-time studies at MUN. This number includes both undergraduate and graduate students. Approximately 85% of students are from Newfoundland and Labrador. The most popular programs include Engineering, Business Administration, Nursing, Education, English, Folklore, French, History, Biology, Biochemistry, and Psychology. The university has an international reputation in a variety of disciplines. In particular, it is well recognized as having one of the top folklore departments in the world.

The department of Housing, Food and Conference Services provides on campus housing at the St. John's campus in two residential complexes; Paton College and Burton's Pond. The Paton College dormitories offer traditional dormitory style accommodations for approximately 1000 students in nine residences, called "Houses", and named after prominent Newfoundland and Labrador or Memorial University people; Including Barnes, Blackall, Bowater, Burke, Curtis, Doyle, Hatcher, Rothermere and Squires. Two additional "Houses" designed to hold 250 students each were completed in 2013, West Tower and East Tower. The four "Courts" of Burton's Pond apartments accommodate 500 single students in four bedroom apartments, and provide a more independent lifestyle on campus. Small family apartments are available for students with a family, in Baltimore Court.[10]

History[edit]

Memorial University of Newfoundland is a non-denominational university in St John's, Newfoundland.[11] Memorial University began as Memorial University College (MUC), which opened in September 1925 at a campus on Parade Street in St. John's.[11]

The first president was J. L. Paton. It offered the first two years of university studies. MUC's initial enrollment was 57 students, rising to a peak of over 400 in the 1940s. In 1933 it merged with the adjacent Normal School and took responsibility for teacher training. During the College's early years it received considerable support from the Carnegie Corporation of New York.

The college was established as a memorial to the Newfoundlanders who had lost their lives on active service during the First World War.[11] It was later rededicated to also encompass the province's war dead of the Second World War.[12] Alan Beddoe designed the coats of arms for the Memorial University of Newfoundland.[13] The post-Confederation government elevated the status of Memorial University College to full university status in August 1949, renaming the institution to Memorial University of Newfoundland.[11] Memorial University was established by the Memorial University Act.[14]

The enrollment in MUN's first year was 307 students. In 1961, enrollment having increased to 1400, MUN moved from Parade Street to its present location on Elizabeth Avenue (Main Campus).[11]

On 8 March 1965, the government of Newfoundland announced free tuition for first year students enrolled at Memorial University in St. John's.[15] The Faculty of Medicine of Memorial University of Newfoundland was established in 1967, and the first students were admitted in 1969. It admits approximately 80 students into the M.D. program each year, and also offers M.Sc. and Ph.D. programs.

MUN maintains a campus in Harlow, England which opened to students in 1969. This campus has been a popular location for internships in Education, and now offers credit courses, work terms, and internships in a number of areas. The campus accommodates approximately 50 students.

Memorial established the Institut Frecker in St. Pierre in 1973, to offer one-semester French immersion programs. It was housed in a building provided by the archdiocese of St. Pierre until 2000. Now known as the Programme Frecker, it is currently run from the FrancoForum, a language teaching facility owned by the government of St. Pierre. The program is partly supported by the governments of Canada and Newfoundland and Labrador.

In September 1975 a campus was opened in Corner Brook; it was first renamed Sir Wilfred Grenfell College in 1979 and renamed again in 2010 as Grenfell Campus, Memorial University of Newfoundland. Currently 1300 students attend Grenfell, which offers full degree programs in several disciplines, including Fine Arts, and partial programs, which can be completed at the main campus, in many other subjects.

The St. John's campus of MUN
The Queen Elizabeth II Library
R. Gushue Hall
Bruneau Centre for Research
The Ocean Sciences Centre

In 1977, the Memorial University of Newfoundland Educational Television Centre implemented the Telemedicine project.

In 1992, the Institute of Fisheries and Marine Technology in St. John's became affiliated with MUN as the Fisheries and Marine Institute of Memorial University of Newfoundland. Today it is named the Marine Institute of Memorial University of Newfoundland. It offers both degree and non-degree programs.

In 2008, the university's hiring process for incoming presidents came under scrutiny for political interference by the province's education minister, Joan Shea. [16]

Legacy[edit]

On 1 January 1943 & 21 March 1946 Canada Post issued 'Memorial University College' based on a design by Herman Herbert Schwartz. The 2¢ / 30¢stamps are perforated 12 and were printed by Canadian Bank Note Company, Limited.[17]

Schools and faculties[edit]

Memorial has six faculties (Arts, Business Administration, Education, Engineering, Medicine, and Science) and six Schools (Graduate Studies, Music, Nursing, Pharmacy, Human Kinetics, Recreation, and Social Work). These offer a wide variety of undergraduate and graduate degree programs.

Memorial’s Faculty of Business Administration is recognized as a leader in Canadian business education, offering innovative programs at the undergraduate and graduate levels, including bachelor of commerce, international bachelor of business administration, bachelor of business administration, master of business administration, master of employment relations and PhD degrees.

Students can choose to specialize in the following engineering disciplines: Civil Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Ocean and Naval Architectural Engineering (combined degree), Engineering Management.[18] and Process Engineering.[19]

The Memorial University of Newfoundland Department of Biochemistry has an accredited dietetic program. The university is accredited by a professional organization such as the Dietitians of Canada and the university's graduates may subsequently become registered dietitians. List of universities with accredited dietetic programs

Queen's College, an affiliated College of Memorial University, offers diploma and degree studies in theology, pastoral studies, church history and related programs. Queen's College is an associate member of the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada.[20]

The university operates the Bonne Bay Marine Station in Gros Morne National Park.

Motto, shield, and arms[edit]

The university's motto, Provehito in Altum (Launch forth into the deep), captures the spirit of the adventure of learning and urges students to extend the frontiers of knowledge, also serving an allegorical symbolism of the adjacent Atlantic Ocean. The shield of arms bears a representation of the sea, books, and a cross. The Arms of Memorial University have as their central element a cross moline, which is a fitting symbol for an institution dedicated to the memory of soldiers of Newfoundland who died during the Great Wars.[citation needed]

Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical Garden[edit]

The Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical Garden is a botanical garden operated by the university. The collection consists of perennial and annual plants, aquatic plant, spruce, fir, and alder trees. The garden is located at Oxen Pond along Mount Scio Road in the suburbs of St. John's and was founded in 1972.[21] The park has adopted the Twinflower (Linnaea borealis) as its emblem.

Sports, clubs, and traditions[edit]

MUN's sports teams, the Memorial Sea-Hawks (formerly The Beothuks), are part of the Atlantic University Sport (AUS) league of Canadian Interuniversity Sport. There are varsity teams in men's and women's basketball, cross-country, soccer, swimming, volleyball and wrestling.

Memorial University also has a very active student media including a radio station, CHMR-FM, and a newspaper, The Muse.

Rankings[edit]

On October 31, 2013 Maclean's magazine ranked MUN tied for 5th of 15 in its Comprehensive University Rankings, up from 6th the year before.[22]

The Globe and Mail's 2013 University Report Card, a national survey on student satisfaction, gave MUN the following grades in the Medium-sized University category (of 13 schools):[23]

  • Most satisfied students: B+ (tie for 4th)
  • Work-play balance: B (tie for 5th)
  • Student residence: B- (tie for 7th)
  • Student faculty interaction: B+ (tie for 4th)
  • Research opportunities: B- (tie for 5th)
  • Reputation with employers: B+ (tie for 7th)
  • Quality of teaching and learning: B+ (tie for 6th)
  • Information technology: B- (11th)
  • Instructors teaching style: B (tie for 4th)
  • Environmental commitment: B- (11th)
  • Course registration: B+ (tie for 3rd)
  • Class size: B+ (tie for 5th)
  • City satisfaction: B+ (tie for 6th)
  • Career preparation: B (tie for 8th)
  • Career prep. (coop, intern, etc.): B (tie for 5th)
  • Campus atmosphere: B+ (tie for 8th)
  • Academic counselling: B (tie for 6th)

In the 2007 Academic Ranking of World Universities published by The Institute of Higher Education of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, MUN placed in the fourth quintile category (305th–401st overall) of the top 500 universities of the world.

Presidents[edit]

Chancellors[edit]

Notable faculty and alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Consolidated Financial Statements of Memorial University of Newfoundland (March 31, 2010)" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-02-23. 
  2. ^ "Full-time plus Part-time Enrolment". Association of Atlantic Universities. 2012-10-15. Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  3. ^ "Memorial University of Newfoundland". 
  4. ^ "2008 Comprehensive University Rankings" (PDF). Maclean's. Retrieved 2008-05-30.  An online preview of the year ranking published in the Nov 19, 2007 edition of Maclean's magazine.
  5. ^ "Memorial University of Newfoundland". 
  6. ^ Canada Revenue Agency Charities listing
  7. ^ "Memorial University of Newfoundland". 
  8. ^ Memorial University Libraries
  9. ^ Memorial University of Newfoundland Folklore and Language Archive
  10. ^ "Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada Profile". Retrieved 2008-05-30. 
  11. ^ a b c d e Memorial University of Newfoundland
  12. ^ "History of Memorial University". Retrieved 2008-05-30. 
  13. ^ Alan Beddoe collection at Library and Archives Canada
  14. ^ Memorial University Act
  15. ^ Pound, Richard W. (2005). 'Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book of Canadian Facts and Dates'. Fitzhenry and Whiteside. 
  16. ^ http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/profs-politicians-attack-burke-over-mun-hiring-1.7035152
  17. ^ Canada Post stamp
  18. ^ Master of Engineering Management
  19. ^ Canadian Engineering Memorial Foundation - University List
  20. ^ ATS Member School Profile
  21. ^ Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical Garden
  22. ^ "2014 University Rankings: Comprehensive results - Macleans.ca". Oncampus.macleans.ca. Retrieved 2014-04-24. 
  23. ^ http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/education/canadian-university-report/canadian-university-report-2013-student-satisfaction-survey-results/article4631980/

Books[edit]

  • Dr. Mel Baker, Memorial University archivist 'Celebrate Memorial: A Pictorial History of Memorial University of Newfoundland' (St. John's Newfoundland: Memorial University Press © 1999)
  • Malcolm MacLeod. 'A Bridge Built Halfway: A History of Memorial University College, 1925–1950.' Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1990.
  • J.A. Meaden, 'Queen’s College, Newfoundland' (St. John’s Newfoundland: Memorial University Press, 1947)

External links[edit]