Memorial to Maria Raggi
|Artist||Gian Lorenzo Bernini|
|Material||Gilt bronze, marble relief|
|Location||Santa Maria sopra Minerva, Rome|
Memorial to Maria Raggi is a sculptural monument designed and executed by the Italian artist Gian Lorenzo Bernini, in 1647. The monument is attached to a pillar in a nave of the church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva in Rome.
Maria Raggi (1552-1600) was a nun from the island of Chios. Forced to marry at an early age, she was widowed when her husband was captured by Turkish forces in 1570. She become a nun in 1571, and departed for Rome in 1584, where she was resident at the Palazzo of the de Marini family, near Santa Maria sopra Minerva. An extremely pious woman, she spent much of her day in prayer, and reportedly continually performed miracles. After dying in 1600, there was some possibility of her being canonised, but the general antipathy of Pope Urban VIII to such events meant the opportunity passed.
Three descendants of Maria were responsible for commissioning Bernini to create the work: Ottaviano, Tommaso and Lorenzo Raggi. Their names are noted in the Latin inscriptions in the bottom half of the memorial.
- Avery 1997, p. 141.
- Judith Bernstock, "Bernini's Memorial to Maria Raggi", Art Bulletin, June 1980, pps. 243-255
- Ackermann, Felix. "Draperien in Stein", La soupe et les nuages, Etudes de lettres 254 (1999/3-4), pp. 7-26.
- Avery, Charles (1997). Bernini: Genius of the Baroque. London: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0500092710.
- Mormando, Franco (2011). Bernini: His Life and His Rome. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226538525.
- Wittkower, Rudolf (1955). Gian Lorenzo Bernini: The Sculptor of the Roman Baroque. London: Phaidon Press. ISBN 978-0801414305.
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