Memory (song)

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"Memory", often incorrectly referred to as "Memories", is a show tune from the 1981 Andrew Lloyd Webber musical Cats[1] sung by the character Grizabella, a one-time glamour cat who is now a shell of her former self. The song is a nostalgic remembrance of her glorious past and a declaration of her wishes to start a new life. Sung briefly in the first act and in full near the end of the show, "Memory" is the climax of the musical, and by far its most popular and well-known song.

Conception and composition[edit]

The lyric, written by Cats director Trevor Nunn, was based on T. S. Eliot's poems "Preludes" and "Rhapsody on a Windy Night". Lloyd Webber's former writing partner, Tim Rice and contemporary collaborator Don Black submitted a lyric to the show's producers for consideration, although Nunn's version was favoured. Elaine Paige has said that she sang a different lyric to the tune of Memory for the first 10 previews of Cats.

Lloyd Webber, fearing that the tune sounded too similar to a work of Puccini, and the opening – the haunting main theme – also resembles the flute solo in The Mamas & the Papas' 1965 song "California Dreamin'", asked his father's opinion. According to Lloyd Webber, his father responded, "It sounds like a million dollars!"[2]

Prior to its inclusion in Cats, the tune was ear-marked for earlier Lloyd Webber projects, including a ballad for Perón in Evita and as a song for Max in his original 1970s draft of Sunset Boulevard.

In its original orchestration, the song's climax is in the key of D-flat major, the composer's favourite.

The arrangement of the lyrics in the show were changed after the initial recordings of the track, with the first verse beginning,"Midnight, not a sound from the pavement..." being used in only the brief, Act I rendition of the song and a new verse, "Memory, turn your face to the moonlight...'" in its place for the Act II performance. Furthermore, the original second bridge section became the first and a new second bridge instated. Consequently, the arrangement of the lyric for a recording usually depends on whether the artist has played the role on stage.

Cover versions[edit]

"Memory" has been covered by numerous musical acts.

  • Elaine Paige, who originated the role of Grizabella in the West End production of Cats, released a version of the song that was a Top 10 hit in the UK, peaking at No. 6 on the UK Singles Chart in July 1981.[3] This version was re-recorded in 1998 with a slight lyrical alteration, which was included in the video release of the musical. This version made No. 36 in the UK in October of that year.[4] Paige also recorded a version for her 1983 album Stages
  • Barbra Streisand recorded "Memory" for her 1981 album Memories. When released as a single, Streisand's cover reached No. 52 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and No. 9 on the Billboard adult contemporary chart in 1982. In the UK, this version peaked at No. 34 the same year.[5]
  • Barry Manilow released a cover of "Memory" as a single in late 1982; this became the highest-charting version to date on the Billboard Hot 100 when it reached No. 39 in January 1983.[6] Manilow's recording also made the Top 10 on the Billboard adult contemporary chart, reaching #8.[7] This version is included on his album, Here Comes the Night.
  • The Shadows did an instrumental version in 1983 (it is featured on their albums XXV & Moonlight Shadows).
  • Johnny Mathis also recorded 'Memory'
  • Shirley Bassey recorded 'Memory' for the B-side of her European single "That's Right" in 1984. In 1993 She re-recorded 'Memory' for her Sings the Songs of Andrew Lloyd Webber album.
  • Mireille Mathieu recorded the song in French titled 'Nos Souvenirs' (Our Memories)
  • Richard Anthony recorded the song in French in 1982 titled 'Minuit' (Midnight)
  • Sarah Brightman (who recorded an Italian version of the song, "Piano")
  • Betty Buckley (first to play Grizabella on Broadway)
  • Celine Dion
  • Petula Clark

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cats" ReallyUseful.com. Retrieved 26 April 2009.
  2. ^ Bence Olveczky, Cats – Stage Review, The Tech, Issue 48 : Friday, 8 October 1999
  3. ^ Paige 1981 UK Chart info Chartstats.com. Retrieved 26 April 2009.
  4. ^ Paige 1998 UK Chart info Chartstats.com. Retrieved 26 April 2009.
  5. ^ Streisand UK Chart info Chartstats.com. Retrieved 26 April 2009.
  6. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits, 8th Edition (Billboard Publications), page 394.
  7. ^ Hyatt, Wesley (1999). The Billboard Book of No. 1 Adult Contemporary Hits (Billboard Publications), page 260.
  8. ^ Information at Svensk mediedatabas

External links[edit]