A memory institution is a metaphor used about a repository of public knowledge (RPK), a generic term used about institutions such as libraries, archives, museums, clearinghouses, electronic databases, and dataarchives, which serve as memories for given societies or mankind. Increasingly are such institutions considered as a part of more general documentation/information science perspectives.
Michael Buckland (2011) wrote, "Progress can be made towards a coherent, unified view of the roles of archives, libraries, museums, online information services, and related organizations if they are treated as information-providing services."
Buckland, Michael (2011). What Kind of Science Can Information Science Be? Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, published as "early view" October 2011.
Dempsey, Lorcan (1999). "Scientific, Industrial, and Cultural Heritage: A Shared Approach". Ariadne Issue 22 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue22/dempsey/
Hjerppe, R. (1994) A framework for the description of generalized documents. Advances in Knowledge Organization, 4, 173180.
Hjørland, Birger (2000). Documents, memory institutions and information science. JOURNAL OF DOCUMENTATION, 56(1), 27-41. Retrieved 2011-10-16 from: http://www.iva.dk/binaries/documents_memory%20institutions%20and%20is.pdf
Usherwood, B.; Wilson, K. & Bryson, J. (2005). Relevant repositories of public knowledge? Libraries, museums and archives in ‘the information age’. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 37(2), 89-98.