A memory institution is an organization maintaining a repository of public knowledge (RPK), a generic term used about institutions such as libraries, archives, museums, sites & monument records (SMR), clearinghouses, providers of Digital Libraries and data aggregation services which serve as memories for given societies or mankind. Increasingly are such institutions considered as a part of more general documentation/information science perspectives.
Michael Buckland (2012) wrote, "[p]rogress can be made towards a coherent, unified view of the roles of archives, libraries, museums, online information services, and related organizations if they are treated as information-providing services."
Buckland, Michael (2012). What Kind of Science Can Information Science Be? Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, p. 1-7, DOI: 10.1002/asi.
Dempsey, Lorcan (1999). "Scientific, Industrial, and Cultural Heritage: A Shared Approach". Ariadne Issue 22 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue22/dempsey/
Hjerppe, R. (1994) A framework for the description of generalized documents. Advances in Knowledge Organization, 4, 173180.
Hjørland, Birger (2000). Documents, memory institutions and information science. JOURNAL OF DOCUMENTATION, 56(1), 27-41. Retrieved 2011-10-16 from: http://www.iva.dk/binaries/documents_memory%20institutions%20and%20is.pdf
Usherwood, B.; Wilson, K. & Bryson, J. (2005). Relevant repositories of public knowledge? Libraries, museums and archives in ‘the information age’. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 37(2), 89-98.