Memphis metropolitan area

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Memphis Skyline
Memphis-Forest City TN-MS-AR Combined Statistical Area
Map of The Mid-South, Tri-State

Common name: The Mid-South, Tri-State
Largest city Memphis, Tennessee
Other cities Bartlett, Tennessee
Southaven, Mississippi
West Memphis, Arkansas
Coordinates 35°07′02″N 89°58′16″W / 35.11736°N 89.97107°W / 35.11736; -89.97107Coordinates: 35°07′02″N 89°58′16″W / 35.11736°N 89.97107°W / 35.11736; -89.97107
Population  Ranked 41st in the U.S.
 – Total 1,305,946 (2009 est.)[1]
 – Density 426.7/sq. mi. 
164.8/km2
Area 3013 sq. mi.
7803.6 km2
Country  United States
State(s)  Tennessee
Arkansas
Mississippi
Elevation   
 – Highest point feet ( m)
 – Lowest point feet ( m)

The Memphis-Forrest City Combined Statistical Area, TN-MS-AR (CSA) is the commercial and cultural hub of The Mid-South. The census defined combined statistical area covers ten counties in three states – Tennessee, Mississippi, and Arkansas. As of census 2010 the MSA had a population of 1,324,108 [1]. The Forrest City Micropolitan area was added to the Memphis area in 2012 to form the Memphis-Forrest City Combined Statistical area and had a population of 1,369,548 according to census estimates.[2] The greater Mid-South area as a whole has a population of 2.4 million according to 2013 census estimates.[2] This area is covered by Memphis local news channels and includes the Missouri Bootheel, Northeast Arkansas, West Tennessee, North Mississippi, and a small portion of Western Kentucky. Furthermore it has been documented that close to 100,000 people commute to Memphis daily from as far away as Western Kentucky, Northwest Alabama, and Northern Louisiana for work.[3] [4] [5]

Regional Identity[edit]

The Memphis Metro area is known locally as the Mid-South. Culturally the Mid-South is more associated with the Deep South and even more specifically the Mississippi Delta than it is the Upland South, which is the case with Tennessee's other large cities. Memphis is the largest city in the Deep South, third largest in the Southeastern United States, and eighth largest in the Southern United States as a whole. African-Americans make up nearly half the population of the metro area. The Mid-South has the highest percentage of African-Americans of all large metro areas with at least a million people. It is second when metro areas of under a million people are factored in after the Jackson-Vicksburg-Brookhaven, MS Combined Statistical Area. The metro area is blue collar in nature and most of its growth can be attibuted to its logisitcal infrastructure. Recently, however, more companies with technology backgrounds such as Electrolux and Mitsubishi have begun making inroads in the Memphis area.[6]

Although Memphis is the cultural and commercial hub of the Mid-South; other cities have become key players as well. These cities include: Jonesboro, Arkansas, West Memphis, Arkansas, Jackson, Tennessee, Martin, TN, Union City, Tennessee micropolitan area, Tupelo micropolitan area, and Oxford, Mississippi.

Economy[edit]

The Memphis area enjoys a diverse and robust economy. Well positioned on America's largest river and located near the population center of the United States; Memphis is known as America's distribution hub. Fedex is Headquartered in Memphis and uses the Memphis International Airport as its global superhub facility making the airport the busiest cargo airport in the United States. UPS also uses Memphis as a major hub. The area is also home to one of the United States largest intermodal logistics centers. This includes being the third largest trucking corridor, fourth largest inland port, and third largest in class I railroad services. The Mid-South has the largest percentage of people employed in logistics in the U.S. The Mid-South is also home to many fortune 500 and 1000 companies. For example FedEx, AutoZone, Regions Bank, ServiceMaster, BUPERS, First Tennessee and International Paper. Furthermore companies such as Nike, Baskin Robbins, Sharp,and Hewlett Packard operate large distribution centers out of Memphis.[7]

Healthcare has begun to play a major role in the Mid-south's economy accounting for one in nine jobs. There are nineteen hospitals with over 4,100 beds in the Mid-South. The area is also home to St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, which is a Nobel Prize–winning hospital with over 1,200 scientists working there and the University of Tennessee Health Science Center.[7]

Tourism is also a major contributor to the Mid-south's economy with the region being known as the birthplace of Rock and Roll and Blues. Over eight million people visit the Memphis metropolitan area every year for tourist related activities. Over four million people visit Beale Street every year making it the most visited attraction in Tennessee. The Memphis Zoo was one of only four zoos in the U.S. to feature a giant panda and is routinely ranked as one of the best zoos in America. The Tunica casino resort area in Mississippi has over twelve million visitors annually and is the third largest gaming area in the U.S. after Las Vegas and Atlantic City.[7]

Memphis Regional Megasite

The Memphis Regional Megasite is a proposed massive industrial site located in Haywood county two miles north of Interstate 40. The state of Tennessee has already approved 27 million dollars to reroute state highway 222 to provide direct access to Interstate 40.[8] The megasite intends to bring in an automobile manufacturer to compete with the Toyota plant outside Tupelo, MS as well as other auto plants in Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, and Kentucky (Southern Automotive Corridor). Given its location in the Greater Memphis area it has the potential to become the next major manufacturing development in the Piedmont Atlantic Megaregion.[9]

Colleges and Universities[edit]

Four Year Colleges and Graduate Schools

Two Year Colleges

Transportation[edit]

Airports:

Freeways:

Greater Memphis (Mid-South) Counties By State[edit]

Arkansas

Mississippi

Tennessee

Missouri

Kentucky

Counties marked with* are officially included in the Memphis-Forrest City CSA.

Cities and towns[edit]

Places with more than 100,000 inhabitants[edit]

Places with 50,000 to 100,000 inhabitants[edit]

Places with 25,000 to 50,000 inhabitants[edit]

Places with 5,000 to 25,000 inhabitants[edit]

Places with 500 to 5,000 inhabitants[edit]

Places with fewer than 500 inhabitants[edit]

Unincorporated places[edit]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2010, there were 1,324,108 people residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 46.2% White, 45.3% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 2% from two or more races and Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5% of the population.[3] Memphis is on the verge of becoming the first metropolitan area in the United States with over a million people to have a majority African American population.[4] The Jackson, Mississippi metropolitan area is also on the verge but only has around half a million people.

The median income for a household in the MSA was $47,344 and the mean was $65,463. The median income for a family was $57,780 and the mean was $76,126. The per capita income for the MSA was $24,675.[5]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

References[edit]