Men in nursing
||The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (January 2010)|
Males make up around 10% of the nursing workforce in the UK and USA. Nurses are typically regarded as female and males in nursing can find themselves referred to by the public and patients as 'male nurses' or 'murse' to distinguish them from other nurses.
During plagues that swept through Europe, male nurses were primary caregivers. In the 3rd century, men in the Parabolani created a hospital and provided nursing care. The Codex Theodosianus of 416 (xvi, 2, 42) restricted the enrollment on male nurses in Alexandria to 500.
Reasons for low representation
There are several reasons suggested for a low uptake of nursing by males, stereotypes of nursing, low pay, nursing job titles such as Sister and Matron and the perception that male nurses will have difficulty in the workplace carrying out their duties 
Campaigns to increase representation
Unlike the campaigns and groups set up to increase and promote women's opportunities within medicine  and surgery  there have been no comparable campaigns to increase the number of males within nursing.
Whilst there have been no campaigns to increase the number of male nurses in the profession, public perception of men working as nurses is changing which is seeing larger numbers of men apply for the role.
Careers of Male Nurses
Despite there being low numbers of male nurses there is no indication that they suffer in their career and anecdotal evidence suggests that male nurses can be fast tracked.
Male Nurse Uniform
Male Nurses often wear a different uniform to their counterparts, whereas female nurses typically wear a blue blouse, male nurses wear a white tunic with blue epaulettes.
There is some anecdotal evidence that patients are confused by different uniforms.
The Society of Registered Male Nurses RCN history merges with the RCN in 1941.
After the second world war, large numbers of male nurses move into the work force as they were demobilised after the war and had gained medical experience join the profession.
In 1951 male nurses joined the main nursing register
In 2004 the percentage of male nurses was 10.63% this had increased very slightly to 10.69% in 2008.
in 2008 there are 132 male midwives on the RCN nursing register
Nursing schools for men were common in the United States until the early 1900, more than half of those offering paid nursing services to the ill and injured were men. Yet by 1930, men constituted fewer than 1% of RNs in the United States. As they found other, more lucrative occupations, they left nursing behind.
The American Assembly For Men in Nursing was founded in 1971. The purpose of AAMN is to provide a framework for nurses as a group to meet, discuss, and influence factors which affect men as nurses.
In Mississippi University for Women v. Hogan, 458 U.S. 718 (1982), the U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5–4 that Mississippi University for Women's single sex admissions policy for its nursing school violated the Fourteenth Amendment's equal protection clause. Justice Sandra Day O'Connor wrote the landmark opinion.
Male Nurses in popular culture
- Joey Henderson (Shortland Street)
- Jack McFarland (Will & Grace)
- Peter Petrelli (Heroes)
- Charlie Fairhead (Casualty)
- Paul Flowers (Scrubs)
Terms used for Male Nurses
Whilst the proper term for a 'male' nurse is Nurse or whatever is their full role designation e.g. Clinical Nurse, they can be referred to as
- Male Nurse - Males make up approx 10% of the nursing workforce and the job is traditionally associated with females.
- Doctor - Nursing is a traditionally female role and medicine (doctor) is traditionally a male role and so people assume, as you are male you are therefore a doctor.
- Murse - a USA slang term for a male nurse, not commonly used
Notable Men in Nursing
- Walt Whitman the American poet, essayist and journalist volunteered as a nurse during the American Civil War.
- William Pooley: volunteer nurse who has helped in the Ebola crisis 
- Tom Ahrens: an American nurse, researcher and educator at Barnes-Jewish Hospital specializing in critical care nursing
- Justus A. Akinsanya
- Richard Angelo
- Jonathan Asbridge
- Richard Carmona
- George Castledine
- Luther Christman
- Daniel Conahan
- Charles Cullen
- Keith Paora Curry
- James Derham
- Robert Ellis (United States Army nurse)
- Benjamin Geen
- Paul Genesse
- Edson Izidoro Guimarães
- Billy Halop
- Carl O. Helvie
- Hu Wanlin
- John of God
- Matt Keeslar
- Camillus de Lellis
- Jim Lendall
- Stephan Letter
- Ted Maher
- Orville Lynn Majors
- Daisuke Mori
- Abasse Ndione
- Colin Norris
- Phillipe Nover
- José Olallo
- Tom Quinn (nurse)
- John D. Thompson
- Will Wikle
- Tom Willmott
- Jonathan Asbridge
- Jason Beckford-Ball
- Sidney Browne
- Anthony J. Carr
- Peter Carter (nurse)
- George Castledine
- Kevin Gournay
- Gary Jones (nurse)
- Derek Longmuir
- Stephen Moss (nurse)
- Ian Norman
- Malcolm Rae
- Robert Tiffany
- Peter Watt
- Richard Wells (nurse)
- Gender role
- Nurse stereotypes
- Women in medicine
- History of Medicine
- Nurse-client relationship
- Transcultural nursing
- Menstuff. "Men and Nursing ", MenStuff
- Parabolani: from Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913.
- "More men than ever work as hospital nurses". Daily Mail. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- Nursing Times http://www.nursingtimes.net/whats-new-in-nursing/pms-commission/call-for-fast-track-recruitment-of-health-visitors-and-more-male-school-nurses/5005397.article. Retrieved 21 October 2014. Missing or empty
- Plymouth Hospital http://www.plymouthhospitals.nhs.uk/patients%20and%20visitors/Pages/Awhoswhoofuniforms.aspx. Retrieved 21 October 2014. Missing or empty
- Daily Telegraph http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/healthnews/5313649/Every-nurse-should-wear-same-uniform-to-help-patients-votes-RCN.html. Retrieved 21 October 2014. Missing or empty
- http://www.minoritynurse.com/article/men-nursing. Missing or empty
- Chung, Vicki. "Men in Nursing", MinorityNurse.com
- Where are the men? Nursing, Jul 2003 (available at findarticles.com)
- Occupational Segregation and the Devaluation of Women's Work across U.S. Labor Markets, Cohen, Philip N.,Huffman, Matt L.,; Social Forces - Volume 81, Number 3, March 2003, pp. 881-908, The University of North Carolina Press.
- American Assembly for Men in Nursing (AAMN), http://aamn.org/
- William Pooley, Guardian Article http://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/sep/09/william-pooley-ebola-sierra-leone-outbreak-epidemic