Menahem ben Hezekiah

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Menahem ben Hezekiah was a quasi-Messianic Jewish teacher born on the day the Second Temple was destroyed (AD 70). He may be the same as Menahem ben Judah; also see Menahem ben Ammiel.

In the Babylonian Talmud Sanhedrin 98b he is mentioned along with a list of other names of the messiah suggested by different rabbis. Menahem’s name translates as “the comforter”. He is referred to as the leper scholar. The passage states that he has borne our grief and carried our sorrows. Yet we esteemed him a leper smitten by god.[1]

In the Jerusalem Talmud Brachot 2:4, 5a an Arab tells a Jew that the messiah is born. His father’s name is Hezekiah and he will be named Menahem. Selling his cow and plough, he buys some swaddling cloth and travels from town to town. He travels to Bethlehem where the child is born. All the women are buying their children clothing except Menahem’s mother. She says her son is an enemy of Israel because he is born on the day the second temple was destroyed. He tells her that if she does not have money today she can pay later. When he returns she tells him that Menahem has been carried by a divine wind up to heaven. He will later return as Israel’s messiah.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Steven Kepnes, ed. (1996). Interpreting Judaism in a Postmodern Age. NYU Press. p. 234. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  2. ^ Israel Knohl (2000). The Messiah Before Jesus: The Suffering Servant of the Dead Sea Scrolls. University of California Press. p. 70-74. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  3. ^ Raphael Patai (1979). The Messiah Texts. Wayne State University Press. p. 24, 122. Retrieved 30 January 2014.