Menard County, Illinois

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Menard County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Menard County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1839
Named for Pierre Menard
Seat Petersburg
Largest city Petersburg
Area
 • Total 315.46 sq mi (817 km2)
 • Land 314.44 sq mi (814 km2)
 • Water 1.02 sq mi (3 km2), 0.32%
Population
 • (2010) 12,705
 • Density 40/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 18th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Menard County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 12,705, which is an increase of 1.8% from 12,486 in 2000.[1] Its county seat is Petersburg.[2]

Menard County is part of the Springfield, Illinois, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 315.46 square miles (817.0 km2), of which 314.44 square miles (814.4 km2) (or 99.68%) is land and 1.02 square miles (2.6 km2) (or 0.32%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

History[edit]

Menard County was formed in 1839 out of Sangamon County. The County was named for Pierre Menard, the first lieutenant governor of Illinois.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 4,431
1850 6,349 43.3%
1860 9,584 51.0%
1870 11,735 22.4%
1880 13,024 11.0%
1890 13,120 0.7%
1900 14,336 9.3%
1910 12,796 −10.7%
1920 11,694 −8.6%
1930 10,575 −9.6%
1940 10,663 0.8%
1950 9,639 −9.6%
1960 9,248 −4.1%
1970 9,685 4.7%
1980 11,700 20.8%
1990 11,164 −4.6%
2000 12,486 11.8%
2010 12,705 1.8%
Est. 2012 12,722 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[5]

As of the census of 2000,[6] there were 12,486 people, 4,873 households, and 3,552 families residing in the county. The population density was 40 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 5,285 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.59% White, 0.38% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.39% from two or more races. 0.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.6% were of German, 17.4% American, 15.0% English and 10.1% Irish ancestry.

There were 4,873 households out of which 36.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.10% were non-families. 23.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,596, and the median income for a family was $52,995. Males had a median income of $36,870 versus $27,010 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,584. About 6.10% of families and 8.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.50% of those under age 18 and 6.00% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated places[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Petersburg, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.6
 
33
17
 
 
1.8
 
39
22
 
 
3.2
 
51
32
 
 
3.4
 
63
42
 
 
4.1
 
74
53
 
 
3.8
 
83
62
 
 
3.5
 
87
66
 
 
3.4
 
85
64
 
 
2.8
 
79
55
 
 
2.6
 
67
44
 
 
2.9
 
51
34
 
 
2.5
 
38
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[7]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Petersburg have ranged from a low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 112 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.62 inches (41 mm) in January to 4.06 inches (103 mm) in May.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Menard County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Petersburg, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°02′N 89°48′W / 40.03°N 89.80°W / 40.03; -89.80