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Mendefera is located in Eritrea
Location in Eritrea
Coordinates: 14°53′14″N 38°48′55″E / 14.88722°N 38.81528°E / 14.88722; 38.81528
Country Flag of Eritrea.svg Eritrea
Region Debub
District Mendefera
Elevation 1,972 m (6,470 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Town 25,332
 • Metro 64,000

Mendefera (Tigrinya: መንደፈራ?), formerly Adi Ugri, is the capital city of the Debub Region of Eritrea. The town's name derives from the high hill in the center of the city, and is a source of pride to Eritreans. It means 'no one dared' and is a reminder of the local anti-colonial movement.


Mendefera was established as early as the fifth century BCE. It evolved into an important city in the Aksumite civilisation. Numerous buildings have been excavated since 1959, with both crosses and local and Roman coins found. Many areas, including tombs, have yet to be explored.

The town is now a bustling market town in a fertile region of Eritrea. It is a place where small and large scale factories produce different products.


Some villages in the vicinity of Mendefera include Guhtse'a(ጉሕጭዓ), Ksad Da'aro (ክሳድ ዳዓሮ), and Adi Bana (አዲ ባና).

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Coordinates: 14°53′N 38°49′E / 14.883°N 38.817°E / 14.883; 38.817