Menippe adina

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Menippe adina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Infraorder: Brachyura
Family: Menippidae
Genus: Menippe
Species: M. adina
Binomial name
Menippe adina
Williams & Felder, 1986 [1]

Menippe adina is a species of crab, sometimes called the Gulf stone crab[1] or Western Gulf stone crab.[2] It is very closely related to the Florida stone crab, Menippe mercenaria, of which it is sometimes considered to be a sub-species.

Description[edit]

Stone crabs have a hard exoskeleton shell which is brownish red with gray spots on top but a tan underside. They have two large and unequally-sized chelae (claws), which have black tips. The stone crab's carapace, or main shell, is 3-to-3.5 in long (76.2-to-88.9 mm) and nearly 4 inches (102 mm) wide. The males have a smaller carapace than females of a similar age, but males generally have larger chelae than females.[3]

Range[edit]

The geographic range of M. adina overlaps with that of M. mercenaria, extending from Wakulla County, Florida around the Gulf of Mexico to Tamaulipas state, Mexico.[2]

Fishery[edit]

Stone crabs are typically found feeding near jetties, oyster reefs, or other rocky areas, as well as in marshes, such as where blue crabs are, and can be caught with line or in traps.[3] In most jurisdictions, only the right (usually crusher) claw of the Gulf Coast stone crab can be retained, which will regrow, and the crab is returned live to the spot from which it was harvested. The claw must be at least 2.75 inches (7.0 cm), as measured from the tip claw to the first joint beyond the moveable claw.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Menippe adina". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved October 16, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Harriet Perry and Kirsten Larsen (2004). "Guide to Shelf Invertebrates, Gulf of Mexico". Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission. Retrieved 2009-01-21. 
  3. ^ a b "Gulf Coast Stone Crab". Marine Species. TPWD. Retrieved November 21, 2012. 
  4. ^ http://myfwc.com/fishing/saltwater/recreational/stone-crabs/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)