Meniscoceras

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Meniscoceras
Temporal range: Middle Ordovician(Chazyan)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Subclass: Nautiloidea
Order: Endocerida
Family: Najaceratidae
Genus: Meniscoceras
Flower, 1941

Meniscoceras is a straight and slender Chazyan endocerid described by Rousseau Flower in 1941 The genus was originally included in the Proterocameroceratidae (Flower 1955) but later (Flower 1976) placed with its predecessor, Najaceras, in the Najaceratidae.

The siphuncle in Mensicoceras is large with short septal necks and thin connecting rings. Endocones are vertically asymmetric. The central cavity is dorsally concave where a broad dorsal process is formed in which is said to contain a pair of dorso-lateral blades, and flat ventrally.

Mensicoceras from the Chazy and the earlier Najaceras from the Whiterock age are similar in having a longitudual process formed along the inner dorsal side of the siphuncle around which the endocones form, but differ in details such as with the central opening. On that basis the two have been separated into their own family, the Najaceratidae (Flower 1971,1976). The Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (1964) shows Meniscoceras in the Proterocameroceratidae, a carry over from before the time its ancestor, Najaceras was discovered. The genotype, Meniscoceras coronense, is known from the Chazyan of New York State.

References[edit]

  • Flower R. H. 1955, Status of Endoceroid Classification, Journ Paleontology V.29, no.3, May 1955, pp 329– 370
  • – – –, 1971; Cephalopods of the Whiterock Stage; Smithsonian Contributions to Paleontology No 3, 1971
  • – – –, 1976, Part II - Some Whiterock and Chazy Endoceroids; Mem. 28, New Mexico Bureau of Mines & Mineral Resources, 1976
  • Teichert, C, 1964, Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Vol K, p. K166 & 170; GSA and University of Kansas Press.