|Fruit and seed of Menispermum canadense|
Menispermum (moonseed) is a small genus of deciduous climbing woody vines in the moonseed family (Menispermaceae). Plants in this genus have small dioecious flowers, and clusters of small grape-like drupes. The name, moonseed, comes from the shape of the seed, which resembles a crescent moon. The word Menispermum is derived from the Greek words mene, meaning moon, and sperma meaning seed. The name[specify] is also applied to some other species in related genera (Cocculus).
There are only three species in the genus Menispermum. They are:
- Menispermum canadense L. – Canadian moonseed (northeastern North America)
- Menispermum dauricum DC. – Asian moonseed (northeastern Asia)
- Menispermum mexicanum – Mexican moonseed (Mexico)
Formerly placed here
- Anamirta cocculus (L.) Wight & Arn. (as M. cocculus L.)
- Calycocarpum lyonii (Pursh) A.Gray (as M. lyonii Pursh)
- Cocculus carolinus (L.) DC. (as M. carolinum L.)
- Cocculus hirsutus (L.) Diels (as M. hirsutum L.)
- Cocculus orbiculatus (L.) DC. (as M. trilobum Thunb.)
- Jateorhiza palmata (Lam.) Miers (as M. columba Roxb. or M. palmatum Lam.)
- Pericampylus glaucus (Lam.) Merr. (as M. glaucum Lam.)
- Sinomenium acutum (Thunb.) Rehder & E.H.Wilson (as M. acutum Thunb.)
- Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Hook.f. & Thomson (as M. cordifolium Willd.)
- Tinospora crispa (L.) Hook. f. & Thomson (as M. crispum L.)
Asian Moonseed has been used to treat skin disorders, rheumatism, and cervical cancer. Canadian Moonseed has been used in herbal medicine as a tonic, laxative, dermatological aid, venereal aid, and diuretic. Yellow Medicine County in Minnesota is named after one of this plant's common names.
Plants of this species are sometimes grown as ornamentals in gardens. Gardeners can propagate this plant from the division of runners or by seed.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Menispermum.|
|Wikispecies has information related to: Menispermum|
- Flora of North America
- "GRIN Species Records of Menispermum". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- FDA Poisonous Plant Database
- PIW Database
- Dr. Duke's Ethnobotanical Database on USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Asian Moonseed
- Dr. Duke's Database of USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Canadian Moonseed