High Priest of Amun
The Second Priest of Amun Menkheperraseneb (BM 708): he may be Menkheperreseneb II in his early career (see text)
|Pharaoh||Thutmose III and Amenhotep II|
Menkheperreseneb II was a High Priest of Amun, Superintendent of the Gold and silver treasuries, and Chief of the Overseers of Craftsmen. He served at the time of Thutmose III and Amenhotep II, and may have been buried in his Theban tomb, TT112.
Menkheperreseneb II was a son of the charioteer of His Majesty Hepu and the King's Nurse Taiunet. Until recently it was believed that there was only one High Priest of Amun called Menkheperraseneb; in 1994, Egyptologist Peter Dorman showed that the HPA were actually two: Menkheperreseneb II was indeed the nephew and successor of Menkheperraseneb I, brother of Hepu and owner of tomb TT86.
Apart from his tomb TT112, there are many monuments bearing the name of a "High Priest of Amun Menkheperraseneb"; unfortunately, for almost all of these is not possible to determine whether they belonged to "the elder" or "the younger". It is the case of a high number of funerary cones scattered in many museums worldwide (i.e. University College, London, Metropolitan Museum, Bologna) a vase from Saqqara, a scarab on which he is referred to by the title Overseer of the Crafts of Amun.
A sitting statue of a Second Priest of Amun Menkheperraseneb (the "Second Priest" is the rank immediately below the "High Priest") in the British Museum (BM 708) could refers to either the priests in an early stage of their careers, although it has been also suggested a completely unrelated individual. A scribe statue of a [...]Priest of Amun Menkheperraseneb, son of Amenemhat in Cairo Museum (CG 42125) which was for a long time attributed to either, now is likely to belongs to a different individual. On the other hands another statue (Brooklyn Museum 36613), inscribed with the cartouches of Thutmose III, surely belongs to a High Priest of Amun Menkheperraseneb although it is not possible to determine which of the two.
- Fazzini, Richard A., A Statue of a High Priest Menkheperreseneb in The Brooklyn Museum, in Studies in honor of William Kelly Simpson, vol. 1 (1996) pp 209-225.
- Peter Dorman, Two Tombs and One Owner, in Thebanische Beamtennekropolen. Studien zur Archäologie und Geschichte Altägyptens 12. Edited by J. Assmann, E, Dziobek, H. Guksch, and F. Kampp. Heidelberg: Heidelberger Orientverlag, 1994, pp. 141-54.
- http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/thebes/archive/uc37578.gif | UC 37578
- http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/thebes/archive/uc37579.gif | UC 37579
- http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/thebes/archive/uc37580.gif | UC 37580
- http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/thebes/archive/uc37581.gif | UC 37581
- http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/thebes/archive/uc37582.gif | UC 37582
- http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/thebes/archive/uc37583.gif | UC 37583
- EG 3409 or EG 3414.
- W. C. Hayes, The Scepter of Egypt II, pg. 129.
- BM 708 in the British Museum