Menlo Park, California
|City of Menlo Park|
|San Mateo County and the state of California|
|Incorporated||March 23, 1874|
|• Mayor||Peter Ohtaki|
|• Total||17.415 sq mi (45.105 km2)|
|• Land||9.790 sq mi (25.355 km2)|
|• Water||7.625 sq mi (19.750 km2) 43.79%|
|Elevation||72 ft (22 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Density||3,271/sq mi (1,263/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1659108|
Menlo Park is an affluent town at the eastern edge of San Mateo County, in the San Francisco Bay Area of California, in the United States. It is bordered by San Francisco Bay on the north and east; East Palo Alto, Palo Alto, and Stanford to the south; Atherton, North Fair Oaks, and Redwood City to the west. Menlo Park is one of the most educated cities in the state of California and the United States, with nearly 70% of its residents having earned an advanced degree. Menlo Park had 32,026 inhabitants according to the 2010 United States Census. In addition, Menlo Park was ranked in the top 15 US cities in CNN's "Best Places for the Rich and Single" to live.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.4 square miles (45 km2), of which 9.8 square miles (25 km2) is land and 7.6 square miles (20 km2) is water. The total area is 43.79% water.The main street in downtown Menlo Park is Santa Cruz Avenue, with the Menlo Center situated at its intersection with El Camino Real. The Menlo Park Civic Center is bounded by Ravenswood Avenue, Alma Street, Laurel Street and Burgess Drive. It contains the council offices, library, police station and Burgess Park which has various recreational facilities.
In the nineteenth century two Irish immigrants, Dennis J. Oliver and his brother-in-law D. C. McGlynn, purchased a 1,700-acre (6.9 km2) tract of land on the former Rancho de las Pulgas. In the 1850s they erected a gate with a wooden arch bearing the inscription "Menlo Park" at the entrance to their property (now the intersection of Middle Ave and El Camino Real). The word "Menlo" derived from the owners' former home of Menlo in County Galway, Ireland. In 1863, the San Francisco and San Jose Rail Road named a nearby station "Menlo Park" after the sign. The 1867 station building still stands on the platform of the current Caltrain station, used by the local Chamber of Commerce. The town of Menlo Park grew up around this station, becoming a popular home for San Francisco businessmen. A post office arrived in 1870, and the city was incorporated in 1874. The original arch which gave its name to the stations and ultimately the city survived until 1922, when it was destroyed in an automobile accident. The origin of the name of Menlo Park, California (ca 1850) pre-dates any work done by Thomas Edison (ca 1876) in Menlo Park, New Jersey.
Menlo Park is also famous as a US Financial Center for Venture Capital. Like the Wall Street of Venture Capital, Menlo Park contains a high density of Venture Capital firms that are situated along Sand Hill Road, the main thoroughfare that connects I-280 and El Camino Real.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Menlo Park had a population of 32,026. The population density was 1,839.0 people per square mile (710.0/km²). The racial makeup of Menlo Park was 22,494 (70.2%) White, 1,551 (4.8%) African American, 156 (0.5%) Native American, 3,157 (9.9%) Asian, 454 (1.4%) Pacific Islander, 2,776 (8.7%) from other races, and 1,438 (4.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5,902 persons (18.4%). Among the Hispanic population, 4,303 (13.4%) are Mexican, 78 (0.2%) are Puerto Rican, 35 (0.1%) are Cuban, and 1,486 (4.6%) are other Hispanic or Latino.
The Census reported that 31,181 people (97.4% of the population) lived in households, 599 (1.9%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 246 (0.8%) were institutionalized.
There were 12,347 households, out of which 4,112 (33.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 6,163 (49.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,039 (8.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 371 (3.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 642 (5.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 102 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,672 households (29.7%) were made up of individuals and 1,371 (11.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53. There were 7,573 families (61.3% of all households); the average family size was 3.20.
The population was spread out with 7,805 people (24.4%) under the age of 18, 1,817 people (5.7%) aged 18 to 24, 9,563 people (29.9%) aged 25 to 44, 8,263 people (25.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 4,578 people (14.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.7 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.
There were 13,085 housing units at an average density of 751.4 per square mile (290.1/km²), of which 6,927 (56.1%) were owner-occupied, and 5,420 (43.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.2%. 18,972 people (59.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 12,209 people (38.1%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2009, there were 33,690 people, 12,543 households, and 7,248 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,957.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,527.8 /km2). There were 14,026 housing units at an average density of 1,875.4 per square mile (603.9/km²). 64.2% spoke English, 19.5% Spanish, other Indo-European 4.2%, 4.6% Chinese or Mandarin, and other language 0.7%, as their first language from estimate census 2009.
There were 12,543 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.67% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.
As of the 2000 estimate census, the median income for a household in the city was $82,609. Males had a median income of $77,766 versus $59,101 for females. The per capita income for the city was $51,341. About 5.9% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those over age 64. As of 2009 the median income for a family was $123,251.
The city is mostly Democratic, with 47% of residents being registered Democrats and 32% being Republicans. In the state legislature, Menlo Park is in the 13th Senate District, represented by Democrat Jerry Hill, and in the 21st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Rich Gordon.
For over twenty years, Menlo Park has had a well-defined local partisan split over environmental, traffic, and other issues, between many residents and business interests. This crosses traditional party lines (Republican/Democratic).
Much of Menlo Park's economy centers around the companies on Sand Hill Road, consisting of venture capital, private equity, financial services, law firms, and other professional service companies and investment vehicles focusing on technology. Geron, Robert Half International, Exponent, Sunset and SRI International are among the companies based in Menlo Park. Facebook moved its headquarters to the former campus of Sun Microsystems in Menlo Park in Dec 2011.
As of 2012, Facebook announced they will be the biggest employer of Menlo Park at 6,600 employees. According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city were:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|8||City of Menlo Park||241|
|9||United Parcel Service||224|
- Home to the Western Region office of the United States Geological Survey.
- Sand Hill Road, location of many Silicon Valley venture capital firms.
- Home to SRI International, formerly Stanford Research Institute.
- Home to the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.
- Corporate offices and show gardens of Sunset Magazine.
- Google Inc. was founded here on September 7, 1998
- Home to Facebook global headquarters.
- Adjacent to Menlo College. (Famous alums include Prince Al-Waleed bin Talal.)
- Adjacent to Stanford University and Stanford Shopping Center.
- Home to Saint Patrick Archdiocesan Seminary and University.
- Home to Fuller Northern California
- Home to Menlo Park Presbyterian Church since 1873.
- Home to Geron Corporation, a biotechnology company focusing on telomere and stem cell research.
- Home to the original store of the Round Table Pizza chain.
- Home to Whole Earth Catalog.
California Historical Landmarks
- Campsite and terminus point of the Portolà expedition from November 6, 1796 through November 10, 1796.
- Home to the oldest continually operating train station in California, making it State Historical Landmark #955.
- Twentieth Century Folk Art Environments, State Historical Landmark #939.
- Camp Fremont, 1917 - 1919. Training camp for the 8th Division, U.S. Army before their planned deployment to France in World War I, and for the 41st Division of the California National Guard. Covering more than 7,000 acres (28 km2) in Menlo Park and Palo Alto, Camp Fremont had 27,000 men and 10,000 animals at its peak. Historical California Posts: Camp Fremont
National Historical Landmarks National Register of Historic Places lists:
- Barron—Latham—Hopkins Gate Lodge #8600195
- Church of the Nativity (Menlo Park, California) #80000855
- Menlo Park Railroad Station #74000556
- Rock Magnetics Laboratory(USGS) #94001647.
- Joan Baez, folk singer
- Isaac Baron, professional poker player
- Sergey Brin, Google founder
- Lindsey Buckingham, musician
- Henry Cowell, composer
- Brandon Crawford, San Francisco Giants shortstop
- Jeanne DuPrau, author
- Nancy Farmer, author
- Chris Gulker, photographer, writer
- Vince Guaraldi, jazz musician
- Jack Herrick, founder of wikiHow.
- Ken Kesey, author
- Milton Latham, railroad baron and politician
- Josie Maran, supermodel
- Fred Moore, political activist
- Stevie Nicks, musician
- Elizabeth Osborn, equestrian vaulter
- Ariel Rittenhouse, Olympic diver
- Secondhand Serenade, rock band founded in Menlo Park
- Courtney Thorne-Smith, actress
- Thorstein Veblen, sociologist known for "Theory of the Leisure Class"
- John Vesely, musician/songwriter
- Menlo Park City School District
- German-American International School
- Menlo Park, New Jersey
- Menlo Park (Pretoria, South Africa)
- U.S. Census
- "California's Most Educated Cities: Palo Alto, Los Altos Top the List". The Huffington Post Online. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
- "Census 2010: Table 3A — Total Population by Race (Hispanic exclusive) and Hispanic or Latino: 2010" (Excel). California Department of Finance. Retrieved March 22, 2010.
- Ziegler, Tom. (2013-08-12) Best places for the rich and single - Menlo Park, CA (15) - Money Magazine. Money.cnn.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-21.
- Hoover, Mildred Brooke; Douglas E Kyle (2002). Historic Spots in California (4th edition ed.). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. p. 405. ISBN 0-8047-4483-1.
- Durham, David L (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, CA: Word Dancer Press. p. 662. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
- Stanger, 1963. pg. 109
- "US Financial Centers" (.shtml). http://www.usmoneycenters.com. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
- All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- http://www.bayareacensus.ca.gov "Demographic Profile Bay Area Census".
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Best places to live 2008". CNN.
- "California's 14th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
- LA Times
- City of Menlo Park CAFR
- Stanger, Frank M. South from San Francisco: The Life Story of San Mateo County 1963, publisher: San Mateo County Historical Association
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Menlo Park, California.|
- City of Menlo Park
- Official Guide from the Chamber of Commerce
- Menlo Park Library
- Menlo Park Library Foundation
- Menlo Park Historical Association
- Walking Tour of Menlo Park
- San Mateo County Visitors Bureau Guide