Menominee County, Wisconsin
|Menominee County, Wisconsin|
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
|Founded||July 3, 1959|
|Named for||Menominee tribe|
|• Total||365 sq mi (945 km2)|
|• Land||358 sq mi (927 km2)|
|• Water||7 sq mi (18 km2), 2.0%|
|• Density||12/sq mi (5/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Menominee County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,232 making it the least populous county in Wisconsin. Its county seat is Keshena. Menominee is Wisconsin's newest county, having been created in 1959.
The county was created from the northeastern portion of Shawano County on July 3, 1959, in anticipation of the termination of the Menominee Indian Reservation in 1961. The reservation status was restored in 1973, and is now co-extensive with the county. Most of the land within the county boundary is under Federal Trust for the exclusive use by enrolled Menominee Indians. Scattered parcels that were purchased during Termination, as well as many lots around the Legend Lake area in the southeastern part of the county, are the only parts of the county that are privately owned by non-Indians. Most of Menominee County's population consists of members of the Menominee nation.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 365 square miles (950 km2), of which 358 square miles (930 km2) is land and 7 square miles (18 km2) (2.0%) is water. It is the second-smallest county in Wisconsin by total area. Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information shows: 
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,562 people, 1,345 households, and 1,065 families residing in the county. This total makes it the least-populated county in the state. The population density was 13 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 2,098 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 11.57% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 87.26% Native American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. 2.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 5.0% were of German ancestry according to Census 2000. 89.8% spoke English, 7.0% Menominee and 1.6% Hmong as their first language.
There were 1,345 households out of which 42.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.50% were married couples living together, 26.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.80% were non-families. 16.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.35 and the average family size was 3.66.
In the county, the population was spread out with 38.90% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 19.50% from 45 to 64, and 8.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.30 males.
Menominee County is one of only two counties in Wisconsin with no incorporated communities, the other being Florence County.
- Keshena, CDP
- Keshena Falls, an unincorporated community
- Legend Lake, CDP
- Middle Village, CDP (partial)
- Neopit, CDP
- Zoar, CDP
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- 'The Making of Menominee County,' Paxton Hart, Wisconsin Magazine of History, vol. 143, #3, Spring 1960
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
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- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.