Mentawai Islands Regency

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Mentawai Islands Regency
Kepulauan Mentawai
Regency
Official seal of Mentawai Islands Regency
Seal
Lokasi Sumatera Barat Kabupaten Kepulauan Mentawai.svg
Coordinates: 2°11′S 99°39′E / 2.183°S 99.650°E / -2.183; 99.650Coordinates: 2°11′S 99°39′E / 2.183°S 99.650°E / -2.183; 99.650
Country Indonesia
Province West Sumatra
Capital Tua Pejat
Government
 • Regent Yudas Sabaggalet
Area
 • Total 6,011.35 km2 (2,321.00 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 76,421
 • Density 13/km2 (33/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Area code(s) +62 759

The Mentawai Islands are a chain of about seventy islands and islets off the western coast of Sumatra in Indonesia. Siberut (4,030 km²) is the largest of the islands. The other major islands are Sipura, North Pagai (Pagai Utara) and South Pagai (Pagai Selatan). The islands lie approximately 150 km off the Sumatran coast, across the Mentawai Strait. The indigenous inhabitants of the islands are known as the Mentawai people. The Mentawai Islands have become a noted destination for surfing.

Administration[edit]

The Mentawai Islands have been administered as a regency within the West Sumatra (Sumatera Barat) province since 1999. The regency seat is Tua Pejat, on the island of Sipura. Padang, the capital of the province, lies on the Sumatran mainland opposite Siberut. The regency is divided into ten districts (kecamatan), tabulated below from south to north with their 2010 Census populations.[1]

Name English name Population
Census 2010
Pagai Selatan (South Pagai) 8,782
Sikakap (town on North Pagai) 9,531
Pagai Utara (North Pagai) 5,212
Sipora Selatan (South Sipora) 8,460
Sipora Utara (North Sipora) 9,097
Siberut Selatan (South Siberut) 8,446
Siberut Barat Daya (Southwest Siberut) 6,069
Siberut Tengah (Central Siberut) 6,069
Siberut Utara (North Siberut) 7,774
Siberut Barat (West Siberut) 6,733

Ecology[edit]

Dugout canoes on a river in Siberut.
Mentawai Islands topography

The islands have been separated from Sumatra since the mid-Pleistocene period, which has allowed at least twenty endemic species to develop amongst its flora and fauna. This includes five endemic primates: the Mentawai or kloss gibbon (Hylobates klossii), Mentawai macaque (Macaca pagensis), Siberut macaque (Macaca siberu), Mentawai leaf monkey (Presbytis potenziani), and pig-tailed langur (Simias concolor). They are highly endangered due to logging, unsustainable hunting, and conversion of rainforest to palm oil plantations.[2] Some areas of the Mentawai Islands rain forest ecoregion are protected, such as the Siberut National Park. Red junglefowl and crab-eating macaque are also native.

Seismic activity[edit]

The Mentawai Islands lie above the Sunda megathrust, a seismically active zone responsible for many great earthquakes. This megathrust runs along the southwestern side of Sumatra island, forming the interface between the Eurasian Plate and Indo-Australian Plate.

Earthquake and tsunami activity has been high since the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. In 1833, the region was hit with an earthquake, possibly similar in size to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake;[3] another large earthquake struck in 1797. On October 25, 2010, an earthquake in southern Sumatra led to a deadly tsunami that devastated villages in South and North Pagai.[4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  2. ^ Whittaker, D. 2006. A conservation action plan for the Mentawai primates. Primate Conservation 20: 95-105.
  3. ^ Indonesia Great Earthquakes
  4. ^ "Indonesia Earthquake and Tsunami Kill 113, Merapi Volcano Eruptions Hours Later". News article. politiktimes.com. October 26, 2010. Retrieved October 26, 2010. 

External links[edit]